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  • physiological
  • These authors analyzed physiological cross-sectional area of masticatory muscles in order to estimate the potential bite force a particular species could generate in living primates which can, in turn, inform our understanding of food processing behaviors in extinct primates represented in the fossil record. (hindawi.com)
  • fibres
  • Domestic dog breeds are a great model for studying the relationship between variation in muscle fibres and chewing performance. (mpg.de)
  • We use immunohistochemistry to quantify the distribution of muscle fibres. (mpg.de)
  • weak
  • Here, to our knowledge, in the most comprehensive three-dimensional finite element analysis performed to date for any taxon, we ask whether the traditional view that the bite of H. sapiens is weak and the skull too gracile to sustain high bite forces is supported. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • The argument that the bite of H. sapiens is relatively weak is based primarily on two-dimensional lever mechanics, wherein muscle forces are reduced to single vectors for each major muscle group. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Here, using three-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA), we test the hypothesis that the human bite is weak and the skull unable to sustain high bite forces compared with that of other hominoids. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • anatomy
  • However, human dental anatomy suggests a capacity to withstand high loads and two-dimensional lever models greatly simplify muscle architecture, yielding less accurate results than three-dimensional modelling using multiple lines of action. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • asymmetry
  • Wide, bilateral chewing cycles were related to better masticatory performance, however, unilateral chewing was reported to be very common in population, and it has been associated to lateral asymmetry on bite force and occlusal contact area. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • There was a significant increase in the Asymmetry Index for temporalis and masseter muscle rest activity in the TMD-P group. (hindawi.com)
  • TMD patients showed more asymmetry between right and left muscle pairs, and more unbalanced contractile activities of contralateral masseter and temporal muscles (p lesser than 0.05, t-test), worse orofacial myofunction status and higher TMD severity scores (p lesser than 0.05, Mann-Whitney test) than healthy subjects. (blogspot.com)
  • anterior
  • It was suggested that this reflected the layering structure of masseter muscle because the difference of function was more markedly between anterior and posterior parts than between internal and external and external parts. (nii.ac.jp)
  • skeletal
  • An effort has been done to elucidate the skeletal adaptation of the mandible following posterior bite-block therapy on animal studies, using lateral cephalograms (5-7). (deepdyve.com)
  • The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of PBMT (through low-level laser therapy) on postexercise skeletal muscle recovery and identify the best output power. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Dynamics
  • Importance of the Force-Field Choice in Capturing Functionally Relevant Dynamics in Von Willebrand Factor. (bioportfolio.com)
  • By using an enhanced sampling technique (temperature replica-exchange molecular dynamics simulations), we find that some force fields indeed rise to the challenge and capture the structural and dynamical features of the NMR ensemble and, therefore, are the appropriate choice for simulations of proteins with partially structured domains. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The article describes a GROMOS force field parameter set for molecular dynamics simulations of furanose carbohydrates. (bioportfolio.com)
  • patterns
  • 1) a detailed study of both the recruitment patterns and the fiber types of the jaw adductor muscles of macaques and baboons. (duke.edu)
  • Humans
  • Bite Force and Bite Pressure: Comparisons of Humans and Dogs T E Houston, PhD (2003) "Jaws of steel! (vimeoinfo.com)
  • As a Kieser Training customer you already know the answer: what modern humans lack is not just exercise but rather our muscles primarily lack resistance. (issuu.com)
  • results
  • Results The use of bite-blocks decreased the length of the condylar process (P = 0.001) as well as the volume of the condylar neck (P = 0.001) and head (P = 0.006). (deepdyve.com)
  • Expected Results: We expect trigger points in these patients to disappear and the associated muscles to become partially paralyzed and relaxed. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) has recently been used to alleviate postexercise muscle fatigue and enhance recovery, demonstrating positive results. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • movement
  • Inducing a systematic perturbation forces on the hand during arm reaching movement may improve adaptation. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Secondly, the possible negative modulation initiation of jaw occlusal muscle movement and hence biting forces stimulated by sensory receptors activation inside the periodontium, and the probable deterrence of a major +ive modulation of jaw occlusal muscle movement and therefore chewing forces also activated by such receptors [12, 13, (medicaljb.com)