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  • milk
  • Mammary gland , milk-producing gland characteristic of all female mammals and present in a rudimentary and generally nonfunctional form in males. (britannica.com)
  • Buehring GC 1990 Culture of Mammary Epithelial Cells from Bovine Milk. (springer.com)
  • The gland is outside the body wall, has a nipple or teat in most species, and has a series of ducts by which milk that is produced in microscopic blind tubes can be expressed from the gland. (coursera.org)
  • It then proceeds through a series of developmental phases, many of which are closely linked with the reproductive functioning of the animal, and eventually leading to the time when the gland is producing milk. (coursera.org)
  • Finally, during involution the mammary gland is exposed to milk stasis, programmed cell death and stromal reorganization to clear the differentiated milk-producing cells. (nih.gov)
  • Mastitis is a condition in which there is inflammation of the mammary glands (milk glands), mostly due to infections with bacterial pathogens. (petmd.com)
  • The abrasion then becomes an open point of entry for bacteria, leading to mastitis, or infection, of the milk glands. (petmd.com)
  • Transplantation
  • Using a transplantation model, we show that these changes are intrinsic to the gland and furthermore identify changes in cell fate commitment. (biologists.org)
  • anatomy
  • This module presents an overview of mammary gland anatomy and macrostructure using the dairy cow as our primary example. (coursera.org)
  • The module provides a conceptual foundation that will allow you to individually explore mammary gland anatomy and microstructure in other mammalian species. (coursera.org)
  • reproductive
  • For example, normal hormonal changes associated with the female reproductive cycle in nonspayed females lead to enlargement of the mammary glands. (petplace.com)
  • While the expression patterns of the various STATs often overlaps, in this diagram each STAT has been placed in the reproductive cycle according to its maximal impact on mammary gland development. (nih.gov)
  • Role
  • Using various experiments, we were able to demonstrate that this RNA family plays a key role in mammary gland development and we could locate where these molecules presumably intervene on a regulatory basis," explains Chowdhury. (redorbit.com)
  • Model
  • As described in a new book from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, The Mammary Gland as an Experimental Model, this organ also represents an excellent model system for investigation of physiological and pathological processes that occur throughout the body. (cshlpress.com)
  • Moreover, the mammary gland represents an excellent model system for investigation of physiological and pathological processes that occur throughout the body. (cshlpress.com)