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  • excess
  • 2006 EFSA and the SCF publish a report which compiles all their scientific opinions identifying possible adverse health effects of individual vitamins and minerals at intakes in excess of dietary requirements and, where possible, establishing tolerable upper intake levels (UL) for different population groups. (europa.eu)
  • however, energy intake-especially at night after dinner-was in excess of energy needed to maintain energy balance. (pnas.org)
  • Insufficient sleep led to 0.82 ± 0.47 kg (±SD) weight gain despite changes in hunger and satiety hormones ghrelin and leptin, and peptide YY, which signaled excess energy stores. (pnas.org)
  • Thus, it could be shown with doubly-labelled water that 30 formula-fed infants consumed 16% more energy than 20 infants fed by breast, yet expended 80% of this excess. (unu.edu)
  • minerals
  • Water, minerals, vitamins, and cholesterol are not broken down (they are used by the body in the form in which they are absorbed) and so cannot be used for energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • nutrient intake
  • They are used by policy makers in the EU and its Member States to issue recommendations on nutrient intake to consumers. (europa.eu)
  • 1. Identify gaps in knowledge to understand the role of macronutrients in human health, functional and biochemical indicators to assess macro- nutrient requirements, methodological problems related to the assessment of intake of these macronutrients and to the assessment of adequacy of intake, relationships of nutrient intake to chronic disease, and adverse effects of macronutrients. (nap.edu)
  • person's
  • Glucose tolerance refers to a person's ability to control blood glucose when challenged with dietary glucose, and can be used in some contexts as a useful predictor of diabetes risk and general metabolic health. (blogspot.com)
  • Mental, intellectual, emotional, and social health referred to a person's ability to handle stress, to acquire skills, to maintain relationships, all of which form resources for resiliency and independent living. (wikipedia.org)
  • The National Institutes of Health recommend a weight loss goal of 5% to 10% of the person's current weight over six months. (wikipedia.org)
  • restriction
  • In 2007, Ristow's group published evidence which could explain the basis of the observed extension of lifespan by restriction of sugar intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • regard
  • For some macronutrients, such as indispensable amino acids, more data are needed using clinical endpoints or intermediate endpoints of impaired function to determine their requirements in regard to long-term health. (nap.edu)
  • In this regard, current guidelines point out the importance of aerobic exercise in the maintenance and improvement of various aspects of cardiovascular function and health and strength training in the attenuation of muscle strength declines associated with normal aging [ 6 , 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Applications with regard to animal health are covered by the veterinary sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • sufficient
  • Players need to have sufficient energy to last for anywhere between 48 minutes--during high school games--and 60 minutes--during college and professional games. (livestrong.com)
  • Although there is sufficient data showing that regular physical activity (PA) is associated with improvements in cardiovascular health among older adults [ 8 - 10 ], additional information is necessary concerning the effectiveness of different types of heath promotion and exercise interventions. (hindawi.com)
  • risks
  • Steroids and supplements are controversial when used for sports because of the health risks associated with them. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, being underweight is associated with health risks such as difficulty fighting off infection, osteoporosis, decreased muscle strength, trouble regulating body temperature and even increased risk of death. (wikipedia.org)
  • provide
  • 14 A Research Agenda The Panel on Macronutrients and the Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes were charged with devel- oping a research agenda to provide a basis for public-policy decisions related to recommended intakes of energy, fat, carbohydrate, and protein. (nap.edu)
  • They allow our energy processes to work efficiently in order to provide us with the energy we need to carry out our day. (sam-e.com)
  • Whilst there is clearly a need to provide well-founded recommendations for dietary energy, there have been major technical, physiological and conceptual problems in doing so. (unu.edu)
  • These findings bring into question Denham Harman's free radical theory of aging, and provide a mechanistic basis to question the application of antioxidants to human health. (wikipedia.org)
  • daily intake
  • Grow-finish pigs reduce daily intake of a typical corn-soy ration by approximately 0.92% for every F degree rise in effective environmental temperature above 70°F. 4 This does not reduce feed efficiency until the temperature exceeds 90°F. Therefore, the cost factors related to reduced feed intake between 70 and 90°F are those that slow growth rate and increase days to market. (aasv.org)
  • clinical
  • Dietitian Dr Leanne Brown is working towards improving the health of rural Australians, as well as the sustainability of the clinical workforce who look after them. (edu.au)
  • optimize
  • The Ten-Day Challenge is designed around 12 core principles that create health and energy, helping you look better, feel better, have more energy, and help you begin to optimize all of the areas of your life that are most important to you. (tonyrobbins.com)
  • requirement
  • Dietary reference values (DRVs) is an umbrella term for a set of nutrient reference values that includes the average requirement (AR), the population reference intake (PRI), the adequate intake (AI) and the reference intake range for macronutrients (RI). (europa.eu)
  • The 'factorial' approach of estimating separate components of energy requirement including the energy cost of growing to an internationally agreed standard, results in accumulated and uncertain errors. (unu.edu)
  • Finally, a knowledge of energy requirement at each age is essential information for deriving the special nutrient needs of sick babies and children. (unu.edu)
  • if a level of activity and growth pattern are agreed upon, then the requirement is an energy intake that will allow these to be fuelled. (unu.edu)
  • exercise
  • The health benefits of a regular exercise routine are many: not only can exercise make you better-looking, better-feeling, and healthier, but also improve your overall energy levels and make it easier to sleep at night. (wikihow.com)
  • I believe that exercise is a priority, it is important to take time to exercise for your physical and mental health. (blogspot.com)
  • In fact, despite evidence of physiological decline during detraining, there is not enough data suggesting how long the beneficial effects of training are maintained, how this affects the health related quality of life (HRQoL) and how functional fitness changes following the cessation of exercise intervention in institutionalized elders [ 12 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • To maintain health, the American Heart Association recommends a minimum of 30 minutes of moderate exercise at least 5 days a week. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a follow-up study that experienced significant media attention, Ristow and colleagues have shown that supplementing humans with antioxidants during physical exercise blocks the health-promoting effects of exercise, suggesting that free radicals produced during exercise are responsible and required for the effects of exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • beneficial
  • The products obtained by means of the so-called soft chemistry sol-gel can be stored in several types: mineral structures of various qualities (smoothness, uniformity, etc.) mixed structures combining inorganic and organic molecules on mineral structures wrapper complex molecules and even microorganisms maintaining or optimizing their beneficial characteristics. (wikipedia.org)
  • physical
  • The solution lies with you taking charge once and for all of one of the most important areas of your life and learning how to revitalize and transform the level of physical health, energy, and vitality you experience daily. (tonyrobbins.com)
  • Skin diseases, if left untreated can induce both physical as well as psychological health disorders among people. (sooperarticles.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of different strategies of health on the levels of physical activity (PA), physical fitness (PF), cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and quality of life (QoL) of the institutionalized elderly. (hindawi.com)
  • Instead, following a three-year global conversation, convened by Alex Jadad, "health" has been conceptualized as the ability to adapt and self manage when individuals and communities face physical, mental or social challenges. (wikipedia.org)
  • As part of the Quantified Self movement, the FuelBand allows its wearers to track their physical activity, steps taken daily, and amount of energy burned. (wikipedia.org)