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  • shunts
  • The heart of a fetus, which is still located in the uterus, can be organized slightly differently, and have shunts that should disappear by the time the child is born. (medixa.org)
  • In heart defects with shunts, blood flows through the hole that should not be present in a normal heart, and flows either from the left side of the heart into the right, or the other way around depending on which side has higher pressure. (medixa.org)
  • Even with left-right shunts, the heart and lungs can become so stressed that the pressure ratios may change, causing cyanosis. (medixa.org)
  • membrane
  • 1956 --- G. Clowes (Cleveland) develops the first successful membrane oxygenator-by 1960s further laboratory research studying function and improvement of membrane lungs is undertaken by Kolobow, Peirce, Galletti, Bramson and Hill, Landé and Lillehei, Drinker and Bartlett. (gmu.edu)
  • Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used primarily in the treatment of lung disease. (encyclopedia.com)
  • newborn
  • If during this time, the mother is exposed to risk factors such as alcohol consumption, certain viral or bacterial infections, certain medications or drug use, it is very likely that the fetus and subsequent newborn will develop a heart defect. (medixa.org)
  • With the first inhalation of the newborn, the pressure in the respiratory system is increased and is transferred to the heart where the closing and disappearance of communications occur. (medixa.org)
  • Symptoms
  • This report describes a patient in whom the diagnosis was delayed as he had symptoms and signs, which are very frequently observed in chronic lung disease. (ispub.com)
  • Patients with MI usually present with signs and symptoms of crushing chest pressure, diaphoresis, malignant ventricular arrhythmias, heart failure (HF), or shock. (medscape.com)
  • venous return
  • During Inspiration the Pressure in the Thorax (Intra-thoracic Pressure) reduces in order to facilitate the entry of air into the lungs, as the pressure decreases, the venous return to the Right side of the Heart Increases. (epomedicine.com)
  • chambers
  • The heart is an organ divided into two halves, and consisting of four chambers. (medixa.org)
  • The four remaining pumps are roller pump in design to provide fluid, gas, and liquid for delivery or removal to the heart chambers and surgical field. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The heart is made up of four separate chambers. (medicinenet.com)
  • respiratory
  • On physical examination the infant was pale, diaphoretic with heart rate 160 bpm, respiratory rate 76, no measurable blood pressure, and no obtainable pulse oximetry. (bmj.com)
  • clinical
  • A significantly increased cardio-thoracic ratio was observed on X Ray (Figures 1 & 2) and a clinical diagnosis of right heart failure secondary to chronic lung disease was made and treatment started with diuretics. (ispub.com)
  • Valsalva
  • Up to 47% of patients with sinus of Valsalva aneurysms are found to have an associated congenital defect. (scribd.com)
  • Although not an accurate physiological "model" of PPV, the Valsalva effect clearly demonstrates important influences of an increased intrathoracic pressure on the right heart. (bmj.com)
  • shock
  • The child remained clinically in shock and was endotracheally intubated and ventilated with 100% oxygen. (bmj.com)
  • primarily
  • A history of wheezing also prompts clinicians to think primarily of chronic lung disease. (ispub.com)
  • Normal
  • What is the normal design of the heart? (medicinenet.com)
  • The standard description of Heart Sounds, "LUB" "DUB" are not merely two sounds, but divide the function of heart into phases and when interpreted logically (with added sounds), we can get to a conclusion whether the Heart is Normal or Diseased . (epomedicine.com)
  • In a perfectly normal heart, we observe two distinct sounds and rarely two other sounds. (epomedicine.com)
  • Patient
  • the blood away from the patient to the heart-lung machine and return the blood from the heart-lung machine to the patient. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Like all other nebulized treatments, the amount delivered to the lungs will depend upon patient factors, the nebulizer used, and compressor performance. (rxlist.com)
  • volume
  • Also during Inspiration the lung increase in volume and there occurs pooling of blood in the Pulmonary Vasculature leading to reduced filling of the Left Side of the Heart compared to the Right Side. (epomedicine.com)
  • side
  • It functions as a barrier that prevents blood from passing from one side of your heart to the other. (medstargeorgetown.org)
  • Deoxygenated blood from the whole body collects and is transported to the right side of the heart. (medixa.org)
  • From here it is directed to the lungs, where it is oxygenated and can continue to the left side, from where it is expelled into the body. (medixa.org)
  • Clinically evident are the right-left openings, the ones where the blood flows from the right side of the heart, into the left. (medixa.org)