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  • pregnancy
  • and Flanigan, Christine M. The full report can be purchased from the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy on their website: http://www.teenpregnancy.org. (nlsinfo.org)
  • 1 Moreover, adolescents who have initiated sexual intercourse have some of the highest age-specific rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), 2 which along with unintended pregnancy impose enormous costs in human pain and suffering, in social and economic opportunity, and in social welfare and health care. (guttmacher.org)
  • Trends in adolescent sexual behaviors influence rates of adolescent pregnancy and STDs, and are used to monitor the progress of health promotion activities. (guttmacher.org)
  • Teenage pregnancy , also known as adolescent pregnancy , is pregnancy in females under the age of 20. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, in these societies, early pregnancy may combine with malnutrition and poor health care to cause medical problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health consequences include not yet being physically ready for pregnancy and childbirth leading to complications and malnutrition as the majority of adolescents tend to come from lower-income households. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several studies have examined the socioeconomic , medical , and psychological impact of pregnancy and parenthood in teens. (wikipedia.org)
  • This means not focusing on changing the behaviour of girls but addressing the underlying reasons of adolescent pregnancy such as poverty, gender inequality, social pressures and coercion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data and statistics on maternal and infant health, including pregnancy complications, preterm birth, and infant mortality. (wisc.edu)
  • A new study by graduate student Tanya Rouleau Whitworth has found that the relationship between teen childbearing and adult depression varies significantly based on adolescent pregnancy attitudes. (umass.edu)
  • Second, the results showed that among women who had more positive adolescent pregnancy attitudes, women who had teen first births were actually less depressed in adulthood than women who had their first births as adults. (umass.edu)
  • The complete study, "Teen Childbearing and Depression: Do Pregnancy Attitudes Matter? (umass.edu)
  • Understanding the factors that influence adolescents' ability to communicate about contraception and STDs will enable pregnancy and STD prevention programs to help young people improve their communication skills and, therefore, promote more positive reproductive health behaviors. (guttmacher.org)
  • But the media have paid almost no attention to the many studies that have documented a significantly higher incidence of breast cancer among women who have abortions, in particular those who abort their first pregnancy before the age of 20. (actionlife.org)
  • The National Cancer Institute in the U.S., for example, sponsored a major study which showed a 36 per cent increased risk (rising to a disturbing 50 per cent among women under 20 who abort their first pregnancy) of breast cancer among women who undergo abortions. (actionlife.org)
  • Division of Adolescent
  • But nicotine's ability to suppress the appetite may not be the only reason teenagers are more likely to smoke after they start dieting, said S. Bryn Austin, Sc.D., an assistant professor of pediatrics in the division of adolescent medicine at Children's Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School. (psychcentral.com)
  • examine
  • First, I examine the extent to which students simply skip questions or plead ignorance on surveys. (nlsinfo.org)
  • Therefore, in order to gain a deeper understanding of the health of youth, it is imperative to examine the social environment in which they live. (dovepress.com)
  • Specifically, we examine five potential domains of influence: reproductive health knowledge and sex education, parent-teenager interactions, opportunity costs and barriers, partner and relationship characteristics, and individual and family background factors. (guttmacher.org)
  • delinquency
  • The current study also did not reveal any moderating effects of gender, SES, and religiosity on the association between maltreatment and violent delinquency. (ed.gov)
  • onset
  • Randolph, K.A., Cheatham, L.P., Weiss, U.K., Williams, J. Exposure to parent and peer alcohol use and the risk of drinking onset and escalation among adolescents . (umich.edu)
  • Onset of drinking before age 14 more than doubled the odds that adolescents of either gender would have earlier sexual encounters. (reuters.com)
  • Depression
  • The study of nearly 16,000 teenagers in grades 7 to 12 found that adolescents with bedtimes set at midnight or later were 24 percent more likely to suffer from depression than those with bedtimes of 10 p.m. or earlier. (healthcanal.com)
  • Depression and poor sleep often go hand in hand, but sleep difficulties are usually seen as a symptom of depression, not a cause, says James Gangwisch, PhD, assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry and lead investigator of the new study. (healthcanal.com)
  • Together with smaller studies that have shown sleep deprivation alters mood in teenagers, our finding is strong evidence that inadequate sleep plays a role in causing depression. (healthcanal.com)
  • Tran, Thanh V. Social factors of depression among Cuban and Indochinese American adolescents . (umich.edu)
  • Dr. Diane Merritt of the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis says that screening for symptoms of depression or distress should be part of normal health screening for all teenagers. (psychcentral.com)
  • Further work based on the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth looked at depression in later life. (psychcentral.com)
  • Background: The prevalence of depression is increasing not only among adults, but also among adolescents. (ebscohost.com)
  • Socioeconomic status and the risk of major depression: the Canadian National Population Health Survey. (ebscohost.com)
  • Background There are few longitudinal studies investigating the risk of major depression by socioeconomic status (SES). (ebscohost.com)
  • Furthermore, lack of sleep in youth is correlated with health and behavioural problems such as moodiness, depression, difficulty controlling behaviour, and increased frustration - all of which make learning in school difficult (National Sleep Foundation, Mitru et al. (voxeu.org)
  • He finds that 116 studies find positive effects of religion on reducing depression, 43 find null effects, and 4 find negative effects. (hhs.gov)
  • A new study released earlier this month in the journal Depression Research and Treatment contributes to mounting evidence against the "no differences" thesis about the children of same-sex households, mere months after media sources prematurely -and mistakenly -proclaimed the science settled. (thepublicdiscourse.com)
  • males
  • For such behaviors as ever having had sexual intercourse (among Hispanic males and black females), using the pill and using the condom (among all females) and having four or more lifetime sexual partners (among white males), a significant trend was found in one survey while a similar but nonsignificant trend was found in another. (guttmacher.org)
  • Finally, having had intercourse in the past three months (among all males and all females), having had two or more partners in the past three months (for males) and having had four or more lifetime sexual partners (among white females and all males) showed a significant trend in one survey but lacked a parallel nonsignificant trend in another. (guttmacher.org)
  • In the 1980s, national surveys documented increases in rates of initiation of sexual intercourse for both adolescent females and males, gains in condom use and decreases in oral contraceptive use. (guttmacher.org)
  • We don't know if we did this study right now if that relationship between smoking and dieting is going to be stronger (among females) or different among males. (psychcentral.com)
  • Researchers using NSAM found that teen males were significantly more likely to report participation in many health risk behaviors using the computer rather than the paper self-administered questionnaires. (hhs.gov)
  • cross-sectional
  • Waite and Lehrer (2003, p. 256) note that many of the early studies in this literature [religion and health] suffer from methodological shortcomings, including small, unrepresentative samples, lack of adequate statistical controls and a cross-sectional design that confounds causality. (hhs.gov)
  • journal
  • The study was published in the January issue of the journal Sleep. (healthcanal.com)
  • Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 27, 309-319. (springer.com)
  • From 2011 to 2015 she edited the Norwegian Journal of Working Life Studies ( Søkelys på arbeidslivet ). (samfunnsforskning.no)
  • The average age for first sexual encounter was 16 for both genders, the study authors wrote in the Journal of Adolescent Health. (reuters.com)
  • The University of Florida research is found in the American Journal of Health Promotion . (psychcentral.com)
  • The study, published in the September issue of Journal of Health Economics found that friends' weight is correlated with an adolescent's own weight even after considering demographics, smoking status, birth weight, and household characteristics such as parental obesity. (innovations-report.com)
  • The study was recently published in the journal Cell. (innovations-report.com)
  • In a related study, the Johns Hopkins co-authors published a research article in the May 7, 2007, issue of the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition that found people purchase foods based on their income level and perception of a food's health benefit and cost. (jhsph.edu)
  • Yet the National Cancer Institute, and other establishment voices such as the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine stoutly continue to deny that there is any link between abortion and breast cancer. (actionlife.org)
  • 2000
  • In April 2000, Britain's Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists acknowledged that studies demonstrating the abortion-breast cancer link "could not be disregarded. (actionlife.org)
  • Children
  • We propose to develop and test the Sport Experiences Measure: Children and Youth (SEM:CY) as a population survey-based measure that captures the salient aspects of youths' experience in sport. (springer.com)
  • From a public health perspective, sport participation is one important form of physical activity for children and youth. (springer.com)
  • Nonpartisan, public interest research organization at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health dedicated to promoting economic security, health, and well-being of America's low-income children and families. (wisc.edu)
  • The study, by academics at Brock University in Ontario, Canada, used information from two UK studies from 1958 and 1970 , where several thousand children were assessed for intelligence at age 10 and 11, and then asked political questions aged 33. (mercopress.com)
  • Still, the number of children smoking in the United States has dropped in the 10 years since the first two waves of the survey were completed. (psychcentral.com)
  • If the rate of obesity and overweight continues at this pace, by 2015, 75 percent of adults and nearly 24 percent of U.S. children and adolescents will be overweight or obese. (jhsph.edu)
  • 16% of children and adolescents are overweight and 34% are at risk of becoming overweight in 2003-2004. (jhsph.edu)
  • White children and adolescents had the lowest prevalence of overweight and being at risk of overweight compared with their black and Mexican counterparts. (jhsph.edu)
  • NOTE: Unlike definitions for adults, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention uses "overweight" to refer to the highest body mass index for children and adolescents. (jhsph.edu)
  • 5 , - , 7 Subsequently, studies have shown that there are no significant differences in psychosocial development between children who are reared in lesbian and heterosexual households. (aappublications.org)
  • The Children's Bureau of the Administration on Children, Youth and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, has undertaken the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW) to learn about the experiences of children and families who come in contact with the child welfare system. (ed.gov)
  • The study provides unique information about the effectiveness of efforts to intervene in the poor developmental trajectories of children involved with CWS. (ed.gov)
  • Studies involving interviews with parents who voluntarily arrange for children to live with relatives mostly cite reasons pertaining to parenting capacity (Gleeson & Seryak, 2010). (hhs.gov)
  • The study of the process of child-support receipt shows the extent of pre-existing differences between the children receiving child support payments and children who are eligible but not receiving child support payments. (nlsinfo.org)
  • young
  • There is good reason to be especially concerned about sexual activity among these very young adolescents. (nlsinfo.org)
  • That investment should include extending health insurance to all young people, including adolescents. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • This approach should include "providing age-appropriate comprehensive sexuality education for all young people, investing in girls' education, preventing child marriage, sexual violence and coercion, building gender-equitable societies by empowering girls and engaging men and boys and ensuring adolescents' access to sexual and reproductive health information as well as services that welcome them and facilitate their choices. (wikipedia.org)
  • BOSTON - Virginity pledges, in which young people vow to abstain from sex until marriage, have little staying power among those who take them, a Harvard study has found. (latimes.com)
  • The young in our society are often perceived to be in the "healthiest" stage of life, and, as a result, there has been a smaller public health focus on improving the overall health of youth. (dovepress.com)
  • The results should assist health and social service providers, educators, and others in taking the first steps to diminish risk factors and enhance protective factors for our young people. (unc.edu)
  • Despite this burgeoning interest and the large number of recent studies, the field exploring the influence of religion/spirituality on health is still a relatively young, developing research area with evolving research measures and methods. (hhs.gov)
  • But by the time the survey was in its fourth wave-when the kids had become young adults between the ages of 24 and 32-their experiences had reversed. (thepublicdiscourse.com)
  • The most serious threats to the health and safety of adolescents and young adults are preventable. (hhs.gov)
  • disparities
  • However, no prior study has assessed racial disparities in exposure to the death of multiple family members over the life course. (pnas.org)
  • The primary objective of our study was to evaluate the impact of social disparities on the health of youth. (dovepress.com)
  • Social disparities had an independent effect on self-rated health, and, in a fully adjusted model, disparities in health care access and food insecurity remained significant. (dovepress.com)
  • Evaluating the social disparities among youth in the medical setting can help elucidate factors that negatively affect patients' health. (dovepress.com)
  • peer
  • Future studies should look at the reasons why early drinking may be linked to earlier sex, such as lowered inhibitions, impaired decision-making, and peer pressure among social groups, Doran said. (reuters.com)
  • The researchers found the peer effect on weight was strongest among females, and among adolescents who were at risk of becoming overweight. (innovations-report.com)
  • Better understanding peer influence on weight will help improve policies and prevention efforts aimed at reducing adolescent weight. (innovations-report.com)
  • research
  • Thus we suggest survey effort as a proxy measure of student skills, for use in program evaluations and public policy research. (nlsinfo.org)
  • Guzzo and Hayford, PIs) as well as center grants to Bowling Green State University's Center for Family and Demographic Research (P2C-HD050959), Ohio State University's Institute for Population Research (P2C-HD058484), and the University of Michigan's Population Studies Center (R24 HD041028). (springer.com)
  • This has been especially true in survey-based research. (springer.com)
  • Prior research suggests that there is a positive relationship between an adolescent's participation in structured extracurricular activities and well-being in a variety of domains, and some research indicates that these relationships may be dependent on the type of activities in which adolescents participate. (ed.gov)
  • As the National Poverty Research Center sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, IRP coordinates the U.S. Collaborative of Poverty Centers in an integrated set of activities with the ultimate goal of improving the effectiveness of public policies to reduce poverty and inequality and their impacts on the well-being of the American people. (wisc.edu)
  • Research suggests that lack of sleep reduces attendance, increases tardiness, and lowers grades of adolescent students (Eide and Showalter 2012). (voxeu.org)
  • Dieting was a significant predictor of initiation of regular smoking among females," said Mildred Maldonado-Molina, Ph.D., a UF assistant professor of epidemiology and health policy research and lead author of the study. (psychcentral.com)
  • Research has also indicated that peers may help adolescents to lose weight," Trogdon said. (innovations-report.com)
  • Our more than 3,800 professionals provide research and technical services to governments and businesses in more than 40 countries in the areas of health and pharmaceuticals, education and training, surveys and statistics, advanced technology, international development, economic and social policy, energy, and the environment. (innovations-report.com)
  • More research needs to be completed to look into the underlying causes," says May A. Beydoun, coauthor of the study and a postdoctoral fellow in the Bloomberg School of Public Health's Department of International Health. (jhsph.edu)
  • The Hartford Institute for Religion Research conducts research on a wide variety of religion topics, including studies on youth and religion . (religioninsights.org)
  • The research for this report 1 was conducted for the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services under contract number 100-95-0021. (hhs.gov)
  • Research in this area is in its early stages, but a few studies from the past decade point to a link between abortion and subsequent cancers of the reproductive system, as well as colorectal cancer. (actionlife.org)
  • Working Paper No. 3875, National Bureau of Economic Research, October 1991. (nlsinfo.org)
  • Pediatric
  • This study expands our understanding of psychological well-being in adolescent biological offspring of lesbian mothers and therefore has implications for the pediatric care of these adolescents and for public policies concerning same-sex parenting. (aappublications.org)
  • significantly
  • The authors conclude that despite the relatively few number of patients in the study, osteopathic manipulative therapy can significantly improve endothelial function and intermittent claudication-the hallmark symptom of PAD-and provide benefits in quality of life. (jaoa.org)
  • At least 27 studies in ten countries have discovered an increased risk of 30 per cent-significantly higher than the increased risk of 25 per cent reported in the single study of the effects of HRT. (actionlife.org)
  • prevalence
  • For each survey, the prevalence of sexual intercourse, contraceptive use and multiple sexual partners was measured in this population. (guttmacher.org)
  • All groups consistently increased in obesity or overweight prevalence, but the increase varied by group, making this public health issue complex. (jhsph.edu)
  • pregnancies
  • If all pregnancies are included, the number of adolescent pregnancies is much higher. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adolescents who engage in early sex have higher risks for sexually transmitted infections or unplanned pregnancies," lead study author Dr. Kelly Ann Doran of Indiana University in Bloomington told Reuters Health by phone. (reuters.com)
  • violence
  • OBJECTIVE: To identify risk and protective factors at the family, school, and individual levels as they relate to 4 domains of adolescent health and morbidity: emotional health, violence, substance use, and sexuality. (unc.edu)
  • skip
  • Just as some students skip questions and carelessly answer surveys, some students do the same on tests. (nlsinfo.org)
  • sample
  • A sample of adolescents (aged 12-16 yrs) who did not live full-time with their fathers were extracted. (nlsinfo.org)
  • Of the 6577 adolescents in the final study sample, 214 (3.3%) were living with adoptive mothers and 6363 (96.7%) were living with biological mothers. (aappublications.org)
  • Methods: We performed an analysis of the adolescent sample of the 2003 California Health Interview Survey, which included 3,196 telephone-interviews with Latino and Non-Latino White adolescents between the ages of 12 and 17. (ebscohost.com)
  • The survey design also includes a questionnaire administered to a random sample of those students collecting information on more sensitive topics (such as health issues, crime, drug use, and sexual behaviour), including time and duration of sleep on week days during the school year (available in the in-home survey). (voxeu.org)
  • A national sample of adult women was screened for a history of serious physical assault in childhood, major depressive episode, post-traumatic stress disorder, and substance abuse. (semanticscholar.org)