• Randomised trial of a parent-mediated intervention for infants at high risk for autism: longitudinal outcomes to age 3 years. (nih.gov)
  • We will also conduct an exemplar study evaluating the association of in utero and early life NO2 exposure and later health outcomes. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • Teen-LABS is being conducted in parallel with LABS , an NIH study designed to examine similar outcomes in adult patients undergoing bariatric surgical treatment. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • The goal of this study is to identify changes in obesity-related health risks in the morbidly obese adolescent population and to compare outcomes to the more traditional adult population undergoing similar surgical intervention. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • On the other hand, the researchers from the Harvard Graduate School of Education (HGSE) believe that this study should be of interest to the wider educational field, allowing educators to understand which factors may contribute to developing particular dispositions and behaviors, and how a mission-driven educational culture affects longitudinal student outcomes. (uwc.org)
  • They allow researchers to compare outcomes according to exposure to suspected risk factors by creating a hypothesis to study. (endvawnow.org)
  • The strength of a cohort study is that it is the best way to determine the causes of a disease, condition or issue because it allows researchers to follow one group of people over time and allows researchers to study multiple outcomes at one time. (endvawnow.org)
  • But there are many gaps in our knowledge, and no large prospective study has yet been conducted that has followed participants all the way from childhood-i.e., before the first use of substances-through to adulthood, employing neuroimaging tools to assess the effects of substance exposure on brain development while measuring a broad range of behavioral antecedents and outcomes. (drugabuse.gov)
  • Topics covered include studies of the processes of development and aging, social, cognitive and economic returns to education, life course outcomes of early intervention, origins and consequences of social exclusion, and comparisons of processes and outcomes over time, between generations, cohorts and countries and between studies. (edu.au)
  • The search was completed in April 1997 and identified six studies of asthma incidence, seven of prognosis, 22 case-control studies, and 10 case series addressing disease severity. (bmj.com)
  • The Urea Cycle Disorders Consortium (UCDC) is a member of the NIH funded Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network and is performing a longitudinal study of 8 urea cycle disorders (UCDs) with initial enrollment beginning in 2006. (nih.gov)
  • We are especially eager to showcase findings from parts of the world where longitudinal studies are increasingly being established, such as East Asia, Africa and South America. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • The findings of this study will, on the one hand, enable the UWC movement to improve its educational programme with a view to strengthening the UWC mission. (uwc.org)
  • At the time of the 1992 WLS study, very few households had Internet access, and an Internet module would have been impractical at that time. (wisc.edu)
  • DESIGN: This prospective study, based on a random sample of the total female population of 430,000 in Gothenburg, Sweden, was started in 1968, with follow-ups in 1974, 1980, and 1992. (gu.se)
  • In addition to the cross-sectional surveys, there are several longitudinal studies that track the same person, family, or household over time. (hhs.gov)
  • Table 6-3 presents a summary of the eight longitudinal surveys that were identified and reviewed for this effort according to the same features used to review the cross-sectional surveys. (hhs.gov)
  • 9 As with the cross-sectional surveys, the longitudinal surveys were initially examined according to four key selection criteria to identify surveys that offer the best opportunity to be enhanced to inform efforts to develop a typology of homeless families. (hhs.gov)
  • BACKGROUND The relation of parental smoking to wheezing and asthma occurring after the first year of life was assessed by a systematic quantitative review of case-control and longitudinal studies, complementing earlier reviews of cross sectional surveys and wheezing in early childhood. (bmj.com)
  • A total of 6796 children of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) birth cohort were interviewed at elementary school age (8 and 10 years) about bullying experiences with a previously validated bullying interview and at secondary school age (12.9 years) about parasomnias such as nightmares, night terrors and sleepwalking by trained postgraduate psychologists. (aappublications.org)
  • Unfortunately, similar studies and claims still occur in metabolomics despite contrary experience from larger cohorts ( 3 ). (pnas.org)
  • Hammond and colleagues recent Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) longitudinal cohort study is a valuable contribution to electronic cigarette related public health problems for adolescents (1). (cmaj.ca)
  • Based on the expected size of the Annual Social and Economic Supplements to be conducted, the expected number of deaths to be added to the NLMS through the updating process will increase the mortality content of the study to over 550,000 cases out of a total number of approximately 3.8 million records. (census.gov)
  • 2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. (umich.edu)
  • The magnitude, chronicity, impairment, longitudinal stability and distinction from anxiety and depression associated with this condition in the general population, suggest that neurasthenia is an important diagnostic entity for which additional validation studies should be undertaken. (prohealth.com)
  • This study explores the exegetical meanings, or meanings derived from local interpretation, that a megaproject can encapsulate and how those meanings shape the megaproject's process. (pmi.org)
  • The article explores the longitudinal relationship between subjective and objective deprivation in early adolescence on the one hand, and criminal offending in adolescence and early adulthood on the other. (diva-portal.org)
  • The aim of this study is to document the distribution of serum cholesterol in a community living population of older adults aged 50-79 years in Ireland and apply clinical guideline targets [ 9 ] to examine the awareness, treatment and control of hypercholesterolaemia in a subgroup aged 50-64 years according to their absolute risk of CVD. (springer.com)
  • Sign up for Insight Alerts highlighting editor-chosen studies with the greatest impact on clinical care. (aappublications.org)
  • Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In addition, this study will identify the biochemical changes that may predict future metabolic imbalances so that they may be corrected before clinical symptoms develop. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The clinical investigators are also strongly encouraged to form collaborations with basic scientists and to submit R21 and R01 grant applications for mechanistic ancillary studies that are beyond the scope of this FOA. (nih.gov)
  • Study populations included nine studies of post-transfusion hepatitis, 19 of acute clinical hepatitis, and three of sero-incident cases. (wiley.com)
  • Factors associated with viral clearance were female gender and acute clinical hepatitis C study population. (wiley.com)
  • Authors of most longitudinal studies that examined cigarette smoking before marijuana use generally supported the association between baseline cigarette use and progression to use of other addictive substances (eg, marijuana). (aappublications.org)
  • For instance, at Baseline, ALSA included both spouses of 565 married couples, who have been followed over the course of the study. (edu.au)
  • Herein we report longitudinal follow-up and baseline examination of 53 young male Ethiopians who resided in a relatively controlled environment (agricultural boarding schools) for 2 years after immigration. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This study shows that adult onset wheeze represents an important source of morbidity that may be currently underrecognised and undertreated. (bmj.com)
  • To improve the precision of the estimated rate of spontaneous viral clearance, a systematic review was conducted of longitudinal studies. (wiley.com)
  • Longitudinal studies are often used in psychology, to study developmental trends across the life span, and in sociology , to study life events throughout lifetimes or generations. (wikipedia.org)
  • i ) metabolic heterogeneity of individuals, ( ii ) cross-sectional vs. longitudinal study design, ( iii ) multiple statistical tests, and ( iv ) independent biological replication. (pnas.org)
  • A longitudinal design was used to study the effectiveness of an intervention, the Communities Care program (CCP), in changing harmful social norms associated with GBV in a community in Mogadishu, Somalia. (endvawnow.org)
  • We also intend to present a revised design for the study, based on input from the RFI, at a satellite symposium at the annual Society for Neuroscience meeting in November, in Washington DC. (drugabuse.gov)
  • Two study newsletters issues were mailed out 4 months apart to prostate cancer patients participating in a bone health and/or exercise intervention trial. (springer.com)
  • In this paper we have included longitudinal and case-control studies of asthma or wheeze occurring after infancy and case series of asthmatic patients among whom parental smoking was related to disease severity. (bmj.com)
  • This study seeks to determine the biologic causes of inflammation in patients with Transverse Myelitis (TM) Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder (NMOSD) and related conditions. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A total of up to 224 patients will take part in this multicenter study. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This study was funded by the CRVOI (Centre de Recherche et de Veille sur les maladies émergentes dans l'Océan Indien), Institut Pasteur, Inserm (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale), Labex IBEID, Fondation pour la Recherche Médicale, BNP-Paribas Foundation and Mairie de Paris. (plos.org)
  • A two-site, two-arm assessor-blinded randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a 12-session parent-mediated social communication intervention delivered between 9 and 14 months of age (Intervention in the British Autism Study of Infant Siblings-Video Interaction for Promoting Positive Parenting), against no intervention. (nih.gov)
  • Further studies are required to more clearly define predictors of clearance and guide therapeutic intervention strategies. (wiley.com)
  • The European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (‎ELSPAC)‎ was initiated by the Regional Office in 1985 to improve epidemiological knowledge of factors influencing children's health in European countries. (who.int)
  • Biological samples including blood, urine, hair, nails, saliva and placenta have been collected from study children and their parents since early pregnancy. (bris.ac.uk)
  • This study has enrolled a total of 1700 pregnant women and their children in Slovenia, Croatia, Italy and Greece to assess the impact of mercury exposure through fish consumption during pregnancy on child neurodevelopment. (lww.com)
  • If you received a letter from us inviting you to take part in the study, you can arrange an appointment online by clicking on the "LOG IN" button on the top of this page. (cdc.gov)
  • By logging in to the secure study site and registering with us using the button on the top of this page, you can let us know your preference. (cdc.gov)
  • For additional information about the study, you may visit the DALTCP home page at http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/home.htm or contact the office at HHS/ASPE/DALTCP, Room 424E, H.H. Humphrey Building, 200 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20201. (hhs.gov)
  • We studied the onset of wheezing in adults who had had no respiratory symptoms as children. (bmj.com)
  • This age-specific pattern of onset is similar to that found in other population studies of wheeze in adults. (bmj.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to assess whether outdoor activities are effective in preventing the development and progression of juvenile-onset myopia in Chinese children. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This report is dedicated to the memory of Dr. William Datel -- a scholar and humanitarian who made significant contributions to the Longitudinal Study and to services for mentally disabled persons. (hhs.gov)
  • The recommended citation for this publication is: Bradley, V.J., & Conroy, J.W. Third year comprehensive report of the Pennhurst Longitudina Study . (hhs.gov)
  • Such a report is necessary because the documents generated by the Pennhurst Study now extend into the thousands of pages. (hhs.gov)
  • You are encouraged to report your symptoms to your treating physicians during the study, especially if you have any symptom that you rate greater than 7 on the 0 to 10 scale. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The most recent study on the long-term cognitive effects of anesthesia and surgery suggests that elderly people going under the knife have little reason to worry. (alzforum.org)
  • And because many people had two or more ADRC checkups before they needed surgery or hospitalizations, the study authors were able to track their rate of change in cognitive scores both before and after the event. (alzforum.org)
  • The likely explanation is that, in general, elderly people in the study experienced a slightly increasing speed of cognitive decline. (alzforum.org)
  • Given the sex ratio in autism and Asperger Syndrome, and the masculinized cognitive profile reported in studies of empathy and systemizing in people with these diagnoses, fetal sex steroids may be an important candidate biological mechanism to help understand the phenotype. (autismresearchcentre.com)