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  • capillary
  • The high surface area of the coating, characteristic of materials fabricated by the sol-gel process, resulted in capillary columns with a stronger retention than those prepared by a conventional procedure. (springer.com)
  • Differential
  • 2.7 differential detectors-devices that sense and measure the difference in a physical or chemical property between a solution (solvent containing solute components) and a reference liquid (for example, solvent alone). (scribd.com)
  • proteins
  • For this technique, proteins are run across an immobile gel with a pH gradient until they stop at the point where their net charge is neutral. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecules
  • Soft matter is a conceptual term that can be used to categorize polymers, liquid crystals, colloids, amphilphilic molecules, glass, granular and biological materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Unlike the lower concentrations where the arrangement of clay particles was continually in flux, the particles above 1% concentration locked into a stable structure which is known as equilbrium gel. (wikipedia.org)
  • products
  • Upon reaction of a CDA with the target analyte, chromatography can be used to separate the resulting products. (wikipedia.org)
  • Overall, the interface is a mechanically simple part of the LC-MS system that transfers the maximum amount of analyte, removes a significant portion of the mobile phase used in LC and preserves the chemical identity of the chromatography products (chemically inert). (wikipedia.org)
  • Structure
  • Unlike other gels, it maintains the same consistency throughout its structure and is stable, which means it does not separate into sections of solid mass and those of more liquid mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a study taking place over seven years, scientist concluded that colloidal clays at slightly higher concentrations evolved reversibly and continuously from the empty liquid state to an arrested structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • process
  • Whereas Sabatier considered hydrogenation of only vapors, the German chemist Wilhelm Normann showed in 1901 that liquid oils could be hydrogenated, and patented the process in 1902. (wikipedia.org)
  • similar
  • Equilibrium gel is similar to any gel in the way that it is a colloid in which the disperse phase has combined with the dispersion medium to produce a semisolid material. (wikipedia.org)
  • separate
  • The difference with equilibrium gel is that it will not separate over time into two separate phase like all other gels. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • One of the main characteristics of Equilibrium gel as with soft matter is that it displays various mesocopic structures originating from a large number of internal degrees of freedoms of each molecule. (wikipedia.org)