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  • amphiphilic
  • Here, we report an integrated experimental and molecular dynamics simulation study to investigate the self-assembly of amphiphilic Janus particles on a lipid membrane. (osti.gov)
  • To achieve localized control and more gradual increase in membrane perturbation, we have developed hydrophobically modified poly(acrylic acid) amphiphilic copolymers with lightresponsive azobenzene hydrophobic moieties. (ens.fr)
  • diffusion
  • The Saffman-Delbrück formula is often applied to determine the size of an object embedded in a membrane from its observed diffusion coefficient, and is characterized by the weak logarithmic dependence of diffusion constant on object radius. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a real lipid membrane, the diffusion coefficient may be limited by: the size of the membrane the inertia of the membrane (finite Reynolds number) the effect of the liquid surrounding the membrane Philip Saffman and Max Delbrück calculated the diffusion coefficient for these three cases, and showed that Case 3 was the relevant effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • biomimetic
  • To improve the in vitro - in vivo correlation and performance of the PAMPA method, the lipid, pH and chemical composition of the system is often designed with biomimetic considerations in mind. (wikipedia.org)
  • prokaryotes
  • Crawford (2010) in his chapter Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in human brain evolution reported, with regard to the language of lipids, that the importance of the increased complexity of these lipids was brought about by aerobic metabolism, whereby the simple language of prokaryotes, with only a few words, was developed into a vocabulary of over 1,000 words of eukaryote cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • photosynthetic
  • This is determined by the mutual orientation of the chromophores within the structure of the photosynthetic membranes. (springer.com)
  • Sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerols, abbreviated SQDG, are a class of sulfur-containing but phosphorus-free lipids (sulfolipids) found in many photosynthetic organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • outer membrane
  • The final stage of MAC formation involves polymerisation of C9 into a large pore that punches a hole in the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • viral
  • Two viral envelope glycoproteins, E1 and E2, are embedded in the lipid envelope. (wikipedia.org)
  • The acidity of the endosome catalyzes the fusion of the endosomal and viral membranes, allowing the genome to be released into the cytoplasm. (wikipedia.org)
  • mixtures
  • Next, I present ternary phase diagrams of mixtures of an unsaturated lipid, a saturated lipid, and one of three different sterols (β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, and ergosterol). (washington.edu)