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  • cellulose
  • The use of solutions of sodium hydroxide (or other alkali) in the treatment of cellulosic material (wood) to break down cellulose to simple sugars. (eurelectric.org)
  • lignin
  • The prehydrolysate produced from wood also contained toxins, primarily lignin and sugar degradation products, which strongly inhibited the microbial and the enzymatic reactions. (ncsu.edu)
  • utilization
  • This work demonstrated a strategy for engineering simultaneous utilization of C 6 and C 5 sugars in E. coli without sacrificing production of fatty acid-derived compounds. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Up to 77% xylose utilization and 85% of theoretical ethanol yield (based on total sugars), giving a final ethanol concentration of 45 g L -1 , were obtained in fed-batch SSF at 10% WIS when prefermentation was applied. (biomedcentral.com)
  • hydrolysate
  • Our engineered strain B. licheniformis RH15 could thermophilically produced l -lactic acid from lignocellulosic hydrolysate with relatively high concentration and productivity at levels that were competitive with most reported cases of l -lactic acid-producers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To improve pHCA production, a mutant with inactive pheA gene was generated, causing an 8-fold increase in the yield of this aromatic acid from the sugars in a simulated hydrolysate. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Escherichia
  • In addition to the development of pentose-consuming bacteria such as Zymomonas mobilis , Escherichia coli , and Klebsiella oxytoca as alternative biocatalysts for ethanol production ( 5 ), this situation has inspired various studies to expand the substrate range of S. cerevisiae . (asm.org)
  • The required biological functions are divided between two specialists: the fungus Trichoderma reesei , which secretes cellulase enzymes to hydrolyze lignocellulosic biomass into soluble saccharides, and the bacterium Escherichia coli , which metabolizes soluble saccharides into desired products. (pnas.org)
  • thermophilic
  • nov., an ethanol-producing, extremly thermophilic anaerobic bacterium from a hot spring in iceland" Arch Microbiol (1997) 168: 114-119 Lise Larsen, Peter Nielsen, Birgette K. Ahring. (patents.com)
  • acids
  • The yield of total fatty acids per gram of sugars consumed was 0.178 g, which consisted primarily of palmitic acid and oleic acid. (biomedcentral.com)