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  • human
  • Here, we assess anti-inflammatory properties of LL-37 and investigate the effects of LL-37 on cell differentiation, cell proliferation and apoptosis in human periodontal ligament cells. (mau.se)
  • CONCLUSION: LL-37 strongly attenuates lipopolysaccharide-induced cytokine and chemokine expression and, in high concentrations, reduces cell proliferation through inhibition of DNA synthesis and by promoting apoptosis in human periodontal ligament cells. (mau.se)
  • lateral
  • The pterygoalar ligament extends from the lamina of the lateral pterygoid to the undersurface of the greater wing of the sphenoid bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • The function of the intertransverse ligaments is to limit lateral flexion of the spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sphenomandibular ligament (internal lateral ligament) is a flat, thin band which is attached superiorly to the spina angularis (spine) of the sphenoid bone, and, becoming broader as it descends, is fixed to the lingula of the mandibular foramen. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sphenomandibular ligament is separated from the neck of the mandible below lateral pterygoid by the maxillary artery and from the ramus of the mandible by the inferior alveolar vessels and nerve and a parotid lobule. (wikipedia.org)
  • extends
  • The radial collateral ligament of the thumb extends from the first metacarpal head to the proximal phalanx of the thumb. (wikipedia.org)
  • reconstruction
  • Dynamic scapholunate instability visible upon clenching the wrist Scapholunate ligament disruption associated with a colles fracture Treatment will vary depending upon the degree of injury and can range from observation, through to surgical reconstruction of the wrist. (wikipedia.org)
  • bone
  • My whole right side is off between a pulled groin, horrible pubic bone pain and my back that sometimes I look like I am a 100 years old trying to move my leg or stand or roll over and then when the ligament pain starts it literally has me doubling over. (dailystrength.org)
  • The differences in them are in the connections that they make: ligaments connect one bone to another bone, tendons connect muscle to bone, and fasciae connect muscles to other muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ligaments connect bones to other bones to form joints, while tendons connect bone to muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • instability
  • The consequence of a broken ligament can be instability of the joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • If it is not possible to fix the broken ligament, other procedures such as the Brunelli procedure can correct the instability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rupture of the scapholunate ligament causes scapholunate instability, which, if untreated, will eventually cause a predictable pattern of wrist osteoarthritis called scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC). (wikipedia.org)
  • Complete rupture of this ligament leads to wrist instability. (wikipedia.org)
  • A dynamic scapholunate instability is where the scapholunate ligament is completely ruptured, but secondary scaphoid stabilizers are still preserved. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a static instability, on the other hand, other ligaments are ruptured as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Xray indicates scapholunate ligament instability when the scapholunate distance is more than 3 mm, which is called scapholunate dissociation. (wikipedia.org)
  • abdominal
  • The fundiform ligament or fundiform ligament of the penis is a specialization, thickening, of the superficial (Scarpa's) fascia extending from the linea alba of the lower abdominal wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • pelvis
  • In a standing posture, when the pelvis is tilted posteriorly, the ligament is twisted and tense, which prevents the trunk from falling backwards and the posture is maintained without the need for muscular activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the hip flexes, the tension in the ligament is reduced and the amount of possible rotations in the hip joint is increased, which permits the pelvis to tilt backwards into its sitting angle. (wikipedia.org)
  • stretches
  • Many externally rotate the rear leg while doing a front split, this external rotation when the hip is not flexed stretches the ligament even more. (wikipedia.org)
  • nerve
  • The clinical significance of this structure is due to the median nerve and brachial artery which may pass underneath the "arch" formed by the process and ligament over the humeral body. (wikipedia.org)
  • body's
  • Occasionally, stimulation of the body's natural ability to heal the native ligament, called a "healing response", is relied upon. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • The ligaments run from the clavicle and the clavipectoral fascia branching out through and around breast tissue to the dermis of the skin overlying the breast. (wikipedia.org)
  • Without the internal support of this ligament, the breast tissue (which is heavier than the surrounding fat) sags under its own weight, losing its normal shape and contour. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can be used as a tissue source in the repair of other ligaments. (wikipedia.org)
  • joints
  • This is one reason why dislocated joints must be set as quickly as possible: if the ligaments lengthen too much, then the joint will be weakened, becoming prone to future dislocations. (wikipedia.org)