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  • antibodies
  • At CDC, tests of a single serum sample collected on March 30 (74 days after illness onset) were positive for IgM and neutralizing antibodies to CHIKV. (cdc.gov)
  • After that period, the presence of antibodies indicates exposure to the virus, but currently used tests do not allow drawing firm conclusions. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
  • Moreover when serum samples are collected at 14 days or greater after symptom onset and there are no earlier samples collected, CDC recommends that testing should be performed for anti-Zika virus, anti-dengue virus, and anti-chikungunya virus IgM antibodies. (labce.com)
  • After the acute infection passes, doctors use so-called serology tests, which sample blood or plasma for antibodies produced in response to the virus. (reuters.com)
  • According to two Merck scientists who filed a False Claims Act complaint in 2010 - a complaint which was unsealed three years ago - vaccine manufacturer Merck knowingly falsified its mumps vaccine test data, spiked blood samples with animal antibodies, sold a vaccine that actually promoted mumps and measles outbreaks, and ripped off governments and consumers who bought the vaccine thinking it was "95% effective. (wearechange.org)
  • In order to do this, Merck spiked the blood test with animal antibodies to artificially inflate the appearance of immune system antibodies. (wearechange.org)
  • Merck also added animal antibodies to blood samples to achieve more favorable test results, though it knew that the human immune system would never produce such antibodies, and that the antibodies created a laboratory testing scenario that "did not in any way correspond to, correlate with, or represent real life … virus neutralization in vaccinated people," according to the complaint. (wearechange.org)
  • Diagnosis
  • Rapid diagnosis of rabies can help initiate prompt infection control and public health measures, obviate the need for unnecessary treatment/medical tests, and assist in timely administration of pre- or postexposure prophylactic vaccination to family members and medical staff. (hindawi.com)
  • Laboratory diagnosis and surveillance for animal and human rabies are severely constrained in much of the developing world where rabies is endemic. (hindawi.com)
  • In Bangladesh, the diagnosis and genotyping of PPR virus (PPRV) may be hampered by inadequate infrastructures and by lack of proper clinical material, which is often not preserved under cold chain up to laboratories. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In anticipation of a cholera outbreak in 2016, UNICEF, Johns Hopkins University, and the Group for Technical Assistance, Nepal, collaborated to assist the government of Nepal to strengthen early warning surveillance, laboratory-based diagnosis, and field investigation. (ajtmh.org)
  • Specimen collection and shipping are important steps in obtaining laboratory diagnosis or confirmation for VPDs. (cdc.gov)
  • surveillance
  • Australia has in place a comprehensive network of laboratories for enterovirus surveillance and this provides further evidence for the absence of wild poliovirus infection. (health.gov.au)
  • Priorities for the future plan should include sustaining the enhanced surveillance system for acute gastroenteritis and cholera, rolling out a rapid diagnostic test, and ensuring rapid and systematic epidemiological investigation and environmental testing. (ajtmh.org)
  • titer
  • There were no differences in geometric mean titer among the three test lots at months 2 and 6. (ajtmh.org)
  • In order to obtain this permit, the intended animal must first be micro-chipped and its blood tested for Rabies Titer at an approved laboratory. (antigua-barbuda.org)
  • decontamination
  • This latest laboratory study tested the efficacy of a UV room decontamination system against various species of Candida auris and Candida albicans , MRSA, and C. difficile spores. (clinell.com)
  • Decontamination and neutralization of surfaces from bacteria and spores is a complex process that involves multiple technologies and various approaches, depending on the nature and extent of contamination. (google.com.au)
  • efficacy
  • AATCC 100 test method is carried to check the antimicrobial efficacy of Antimicrobial agents whether incorporated into the threads of the fabric or applied to the surface of the textiles. (accugenlabs.com)
  • AATCC 100 test method is carried to check the antimicrobial efficacy of the fabric whether the textile is washed or Not washed. (accugenlabs.com)
  • Accugen laboratories test the fabrics prior washing as well as after washing of the fabric to evaluate the persistence of the antimicrobial efficacy of the textile. (accugenlabs.com)
  • Merck scientists "witnessed firsthand the improper testing and data falsification in which Merck engaged to artificially inflate the vaccine's efficacy findings," according to court documents (see below). (wearechange.org)
  • vaccine
  • A metric to rate sera for neutralization potency would be useful, for example to down-select vaccine candidates for further evaluation in clinical trials. (elifesciences.org)
  • Each public health professional dealing with vaccine-preventable diseases should identify sources of laboratory support for his or her clinical and public health practice. (cdc.gov)
  • Testing of Merck's vaccine was never done against "real-world" mumps viruses in the wild. (wearechange.org)
  • In reality, Merck knows and has taken affirmative steps to conceal - by using improper testing techniques and falsifying test data - that its Mumps Vaccine is, and has been since at least 1999, far less than 95 percent effective. (wearechange.org)
  • Merck designed a testing methodology that evaluated its vaccine against a less virulent strain of the mumps virus. (wearechange.org)
  • bacteria
  • Samples of the industrial effluent are collected at source, for testing on the actual bacteria of the receiving activated sludge. (environmental-expert.com)
  • It determines both bacteriostatic activity (inhibition of multiplication) as well as bactericidal activity (killing of bacteria) of the antimicrobial test agent. (accugenlabs.com)
  • antigen
  • Following incubation, blocking solution was discarded and test samples, diluted 1:100 in PBS with 0.05% Tween, and 0.5% bovine albumin (PBS-T-BA), were applied to one negative and two positive antigen-containing wells. (cdc.gov)
  • variability
  • Samples from individual pigs in the New Needle protocol were divided into five aliquots prior to submission to evaluate the variability of the diagnostic tests. (aasv.org)
  • samples
  • Those tested positive were monitored by RT-PCR up to 10 months by storage at -70°C. At 16 months, using real time RT-PCR adapted to amplify the N gene from filter paper, high viral loads could still be detected (~2 x 10 7 copy numbers), essentially from nasal samples. (biomedcentral.com)
  • incubation
  • Microbial culture is prepared in growth enrichment broth for 24 hours of incubation to obtain high concentration of the test organisms. (accugenlabs.com)
  • AATCC antimicrobial test is more stringent tests since during incubation period, microorganisms are provided continuous nutrition and microorganisms will multiply unless textile provide significant antimicrobial activity to reduce the number of test microorganisms. (accugenlabs.com)
  • Following incubation, plates were removed, washed as above, and 50 µL of horseradish peroxidase-conjugated goat anti-wild bird immunoglobulin (Ig) G (Bethyl Laboratories, Inc., Montgomery, TX), diluted 1:1000 in PBS-T-BA, was applied to each well. (cdc.gov)
  • correlation
  • This study tested the correlation of appetite and circulating levels of acylated ghrelin in patients with AECOPD. (jove.com)
  • diagnostics
  • WHO convened a meeting on diagnostics in Geneva last week with global public health officials, test makers and funding agencies. (reuters.com)
  • activity
  • AATCC 100 antimicrobial standard test method is used to quantitatively test the antimicrobial activity of the textiles/ fabrics over the contact period of 24 hours against Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumonia. (accugenlabs.com)
  • AATCC 100 antimicrobial test method provides a quantitative evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of the test material. (accugenlabs.com)