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  • uric acid
  • Less commonly, kidney stones may be made from calcium and phosphate, from another substance called struvite (usually the result of an infection) or, rarely, from uric acid or cystine. (epnet.com)
  • One form of citrate supplement, potassium citrate, was approved by the FDA in 1985 for the prevention of two kinds of kidney stones: calcium stones (including calcium oxalate stones) and uric acid stones. (epnet.com)
  • One of the main functions of the kidneys is the removal from the body (excretion) of waste products such as urea, uric acid , and creatinine. (encyclopedia.com)
  • organs
  • Surface projections of the organs of the trunk , showing kidneys at the level of T12 to L3. (wikipedia.org)
  • With about 200 quarts (189 liters) of blood pumping from your heart through the kidneys every day, they do a big job for such small organs. (kidshealth.org)
  • In some cases, kidneys come from a close relative or friend who has the same type blood and tissue and whose organs are similar in size to the recipient's. (kidshealth.org)
  • Acute Kidney
  • The UAB-UCSD O'Brien Center Pilot and Feasibility (PAF) Grants program provides seed funds for new, outstanding, and innovative research proposals related to Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). (nih.gov)
  • creatinine
  • Patients may first be diagnosed with this disease when they are found to have an elevated blood creatinine level (measure of kidney function) on a routine blood test at their doctor's office. (rarediseases.org)
  • For starters, we have to fully grasp this: bringing down creatinine really should not represent the actual goal for those who have kidney problems. (blogspot.com)
  • Creatinine is a waste product of the kidneys, found in the blood. (blogspot.com)
  • So, if you really want to improve your kidney function and to lower your creatinine , watch this video now and… take care of yourself! (blogspot.com)
  • The main indicator of kidney function is your blood level of urea and creatinine, waste products of the body produced by muscles and excreted by the kidneys. (com.pk)
  • If kidney function is reduced, urea and creatinine accumulates in the blood leading to an elevated level when a blood test is checked. (com.pk)
  • progression
  • Knowing your glomerular filtration rate (GFR) can help you identify specific steps to take that can help you better manage or slow the progression of your kidney disease. (davita.com)
  • For reasons that are not well understood, smoking also appears to speed up the progression of diabetic kidney disease to kidney failure. (diabetesaustralia.com.au)
  • erythropoietin
  • The kidneys also secrete a hormone called erythropoietin (pronounced: eh-rith-ro-PO-uh-ten), which stimulates and controls the body's red blood cell production (red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body). (kidshealth.org)
  • Teens
  • Other than kidney infections, the two most common kidney conditions among teens are known by similar-sounding names: glomerulonephritis and nephrotic syndrome. (kidshealth.org)
  • Kidney stones are more common in adults, but premature babies, kids, and teens can still get them. (kidshealth.org)
  • Kidney stones mostly happen to adults, though teens can get them. (kidshealth.org)
  • stages of kidney disease
  • The National Kidney Foundation is collaborating with Tufts University on a three-year project to help older patients with advanced stages of kidney disease and their family care partners make decisions that best reflect their goals and preferences for care. (kidney.org)
  • medulla
  • The center part of the kidney, the medulla (pronounced: meh-DUH-luh) has 10 to 15 fan-shaped structures called pyramids . (kidshealth.org)
  • cause kidney
  • 11 In addition, vitamin D affects calcium levels in the body, and prolonged use of extremely excessive doses of vitamin D has been known to cause kidney stones. (epnet.com)
  • Some prescription and over-the-counter medicines may cause kidney stones if taken in large doses. (kidshealth.org)
  • substances
  • Thus filtration in the kidney is essentially non-selective - substances which the body needs to retain are filtered, as well as those substances which need to be excreted. (encyclopedia.com)
  • By regulating salt levels through production of an enzyme called renin (as well as other substances), the kidneys ensure that blood pressure is regulated. (kidshealth.org)
  • each branch envelops the nephrons (pronounced: NEH-fronz) - 1 million tiny filtering units in each kidney that remove the harmful substances from the blood. (kidshealth.org)
  • As it enters the cortex, the artery branches to envelope the nephrons - 1 million tiny filtering units in each kidney that remove the harmful substances from the blood. (kidshealth.org)
  • humans
  • Humans are born with two kidneys, but a person is able to live normally with only one. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • In humans, the kidneys are located high in the abdominal cavity , one on each side of the spine , and lie in a retroperitoneal position at a slightly oblique angle. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Despite their small size, the two kidneys receive an enormous blood flow - about 1.2 litres/min in an adult - which is a quarter of the total output of the heart (5 litres/min). (encyclopedia.com)
  • This seems an enormous volume - and it is an enormous volume - but it is important to realize that it is only a small fraction of the total plasma delivered to the kidneys in the blood. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Without the kidneys, waste products and other toxins would soon build up in the blood to dangerous levels. (kidshealth.org)
  • If one kidney is removed, the remaining one will enlarge within a few months to take over the role of filtering blood on its own. (kidshealth.org)
  • Every minute, more than 1 quart (about 1 liter) of blood passes through the kidneys, adding up to about 425 gallons (1,609 liters) of blood each day. (kidshealth.org)
  • Filtered blood leaves the kidney through the renal vein and flows back to the heart. (kidshealth.org)
  • The continuous blood supply entering and leaving the kidneys gives the kidneys their dark red color. (kidshealth.org)
  • While the blood is in the kidneys, water and some of the other blood components (such as acids, glucose, and other nutrients) are reabsorbed back into the bloodstream. (kidshealth.org)
  • Every minute, more than 1 quart (about 1 liter) of blood goes to the kidneys. (kidshealth.org)
  • About one fifth of the blood pumped from the heart goes to the kidneys at any one time. (kidshealth.org)
  • A broker named Xiao Wei in Beijing said the market needs kidneys from people with A, B, and O blood types. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • one-fifth of the blood volume that enters the kidneys is filtered. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kidney disease occurs when the nephrons inside your kidneys, which act as blood filters, are damaged. (diabetesaustralia.com.au)
  • Managing blood sugar levels can slow down the development of diabetic kidney disease. (diabetesaustralia.com.au)
  • Decreasing kidney function is usually linked with a rise in blood pressure. (diabetesaustralia.com.au)
  • Even small rises in blood pressure need to be treated, as unmanaged high blood pressure increases the risk of kidney damage. (diabetesaustralia.com.au)
  • If kidney damage is detected, high blood pressure medications called ACE inhibitors (medicines to treat high blood pressure and heart disease) help protect the kidneys from further kidney damage. (diabetesaustralia.com.au)
  • When kidney function is poor it can make blood pressure control very difficult and disturb electrolytes and acid base system of the body. (com.pk)
  • Sometimes the blood doesn't flow to the kidneys as well as it should. (kidshealth.org)
  • Kidneys help to clean the blood by removing things like excess fluids, salts, and waste products. (kidshealth.org)
  • Our kidneys work like a filter, removing extra fluids and waste products from the blood. (kidshealth.org)
  • recipe
  • Get free kidney-friendly recipe collections from DaVita dietitians. (davita.com)
  • British celebrity chef Rick Stein created a recipe combining devilled kidneys with wild mushrooms to create an entrée . (wikipedia.org)
  • Chef Fergus Henderson described Caroline Conran 's version of devilled kidneys as "the best recipe, ever! (wikipedia.org)
  • fluids
  • However, while there is evidence that fluids in the form of coffee, tea, beer, and wine can decrease risk of kidney stone development, apple juice and grapefruit juice may have the opposite effect. (epnet.com)
  • aims
  • A newly-published journal report focused on decreasing the number of kidneys discarded aims to address some of the key factors and provides the first systematic nationwide approach to reducing kidney discards. (kidney.org)
  • Give a Kidney is a charity that aims to raise awareness of non-directed (also known as altruistic) living kidney donation in the UK. (giveakidney.org)
  • Treatment aims to slow the process of kidney disease. (kidney.org)
  • body's
  • For example, the kidneys monitor and maintain the body's balance of water, ensuring that our tissues receive enough water to function properly and be healthy. (kidshealth.org)
  • Think of your kidneys as your body's filtering system. (kidshealth.org)
  • Nephritis may be caused by an infection, taking certain drugs or toxic chemicals, or by a reaction by the body's immune system that has damaged the kidneys. (kidshealth.org)
  • right kidney
  • The right kidney is located below the liver, so it's a little lower than the left one. (kidshealth.org)
  • The asymmetry within the abdominal cavity, caused by the position of the liver , typically results in the right kidney being slightly lower and smaller than the left, and being placed slightly more to the middle than the left kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • The right kidney sits just below the diaphragm and posterior to the liver . (wikipedia.org)
  • Center: longitudinal section though the center of the kidneys - the liver partially covers the right kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk for kidney
  • Lowering cholesterol naturally has never been this easy: reduce your risk for kidney disease, ischemic strokes and heart attacks in just two weeks. (blogspot.com)
  • help
  • It's easy to help people with kidney disease. (kidney.org)
  • A layer of fat surrounds the kidneys to cushion and help hold them in place. (kidshealth.org)
  • It is very important that diabetic kidney disease is detected early as treatment can help to increase the life of the kidneys. (diabetesaustralia.com.au)
  • Concrete steps need to be taken at the government level to increase the awareness of kidney problems and to help manage them. (com.pk)
  • Timely diagnosis of kidney damage by qualified nephrologist can help treat the problem at a much earlier stage. (com.pk)
  • If you or someone you know has just been diagnosed with kidney cancer, this short, simple guide can help. (cancer.org)
  • Some people just need to drink a lot of water and take pain medicines to help a kidney stone pass out the body naturally. (kidshealth.org)
  • nephropathy
  • This particular condition has also been called familial juvenile hyperuricemic nephropathy type1 or medullary cystic kidney disease type 2. (rarediseases.org)