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  • high
  • In humans, the kidneys are located high in the abdominal cavity , one on each side of the spine , and lie in a retroperitoneal position at a slightly oblique angle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various
  • The kidney participates in the control of the volume of various body fluid compartments, fluid osmolality , acid-base balance , various electrolyte concentrations, and removal of toxins . (wikipedia.org)
  • Medicine
  • It could be a worrisome development, states Kristy Murray, an epidemiologist at the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, who hasn't yet confirmed that kidney disease persists long after a West Nile infection. (scitechdaily.com)