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  • electrolyte
  • We perform extensive molecular dynamics simulations of a poly(ethylene oxide)-based polymer electrolyte material containing lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide salt for a wide temperature regime above and below the experimental crystallization temperature with and without N-methyl-N-propylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide ionic liquid (IL). (osti.gov)
  • Properties
  • Here we utilize 3D force mapping to probe the in plane structure of an ionic liquid at a graphite interface and report the direct observation of the structure and properties of topological defects. (osti.gov)
  • molecular
  • Theories describing the electrical double layer for ionic liquids have been proposed, however a full molecular level description of the double layer is lacking. (osti.gov)
  • electrical doubl
  • To date, studies have been predominantly focused on ion distributions normal to the surface, however the 3D nature of the electrical double layer in ionic liquids requires a full picture of the double layer structure not only normal to the surface, but also in plane. (osti.gov)
  • Chemistry
  • This book is an invaluable resource for all those working in catalysis, green chemistry, and advanced synthetic methods, especially advanced level undergraduate and graduate students and those researching or contemplating research in biphasic or multiphasic catalysis using ionic liquids. (springer.com)
  • T!1e problems involved are not trivial but when the interactions in these largely (but not wholly) ionic liquids are better understood, this wiii surely be to the benefit of all concerned with solution chemistry. (springer.com)
  • The chemistry and functionality of the Ionic Liquid is, in general, controlled by the choice of the anion. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • The Nature paper cited in the C&EN report on distillable ionic liquids has turned out to be rather popular topping citation index analysis in chemistry recently. (sciencebase.com)
  • R. J. Bernot, M. A. Brueseke, M. A. Evans-White, and G. A. Lamberti, "Acute and chronic toxicity of imidazolium-based ionic liquids on Daphnia magna ," Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry , vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 87-92, 2005. (hindawi.com)
  • Water-induced accelerated ion diffusion: voltammetric studies in 1-methyl-3-[2,6-(S)-dimethylocten-2-yl]imidazolium tetrafluoroborate, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate and hexafluorophosphate ionic liquids," New Journal of Chemistry , vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 1009-1015, 2000. (hindawi.com)
  • Elena Torralba-Calleja, James Skinner, and David Gutiérrez-Tauste, "CO 2 Capture in Ionic Liquids: A Review of Solubilities and Experimental Methods," Journal of Chemistry , vol. 2013, Article ID 473584, 16 pages, 2013. (hindawi.com)
  • electrochemical
  • Armand M, Endres F, MacFarlane DR, Ohno H, Scrosati B (2009) Ionic-liquid materials for the electrochemical challenges of the future. (springer.com)
  • Sakaebe H, Matsumoto H, Tatsumi K (2005) Preparation of room temperature ionic liquids based on aliphatic onium cations and asymmetric amide anions and their electrochemical properties as a lithium battery electrolyte. (springer.com)
  • Tsunashima K, Sugiya M (2007) Physical and electrochemical properties of low-viscosity phosphonium ionic liquids as potential electrolytes. (springer.com)
  • Tsunashima K, Sugiya M (2007) Physical and electrochemical properties of room temperature ionic liquids based on quaternary phosphonium cations. (springer.com)
  • Their application is expanding into various fields including hydrometallurgy due to their unique properties such as non-volatility, inflammability, low toxicity, good ionic conductivity, and wide electrochemical potential window. (mdpi.com)
  • Electrochemical experiments demonstrate that not only can these reactive ionic liquids act as the electrolyte/separator in both solid state and liquid batteries, but they can also act as a reactive species in the cell's electrochemical makeup. (phys.org)
  • Y. Tang and X. Zeng, "Poly(vinyl ferrocene) redox behavior in ionic liquids," Journal of the Electrochemical Society , vol. 155, no. 5, pp. (hindawi.com)
  • below 100
  • The growing academic and industrial interest in Ionic Liquid technology is represented by the yearly increase in the number of publications (source Sci-Finder™): starting from far below 100 in 1990 to more than 1500 papers published last year. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • biomolecules
  • This article is part of a Special Issue on "Ionic Liquids and Biomolecules" edited by Antonio Benedetto and Hans-Joachim Galla. (springer.com)
  • The echo registered in our communities in the weeks around and after the meeting was indeed the reason behind this special issue entirely dedicated to the topic of "Ionic liquids and biomolecules. (springer.com)
  • As a result, the detailed knowledge of how ionic liquids interact with biomolecules and biosystems will lead to ad hoc tuning to target specific cellular components (Fig. 1 ) and may open the way for an Ionic Liquids Era in bio-nano-technologies. (springer.com)
  • Ionic liquids can be synthesized to target specific biomolecules as (i) lipids and proteins of the cell biomembranes, (ii) proteins and organelles in the cytoplasm, and (iii) DNA in the nucleus. (springer.com)
  • The aim of this special issue on "Ionic liquids and biomolecules" is to present an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of this emerging and intriguing subject of research which holds the promise of breakthrough applications in several areas such as biomedicine, pharmacology, diagnostics and therapeutics, material science, food science, and, more in general, bionanotechnology. (springer.com)
  • Actually, "Ionic liquids and biomolecules" is, in our opinion, one of those new areas enriched of excitement and holding the potential for great discoveries. (springer.com)
  • Sivapragasam M, Moniruzzaman M, Goto M (2016) Recent advances in exploiting ionic liquids for biomolecules: solubility, stability and applications. (springer.com)
  • electrolytes
  • The use of reactive ionic liquids in non-aqueous cells replaces the more hazardous highly alkaline electrolytes such as manganese oxide (MgO) and zinc (Zn) found in traditional batteries. (phys.org)
  • Biomass
  • However, the limitations associated with the use of conventional ionic liquids for biomass treatment are high cost, the use of precursors originating from fossil resources, multi-step industrial protocols and ambiguous recycling protocols for many of the formulations. (springer.com)
  • Several recovery methods for ionic liquids used for biomass dissolution have been reported. (springer.com)
  • imidazolium
  • We present over 50 new additions to our portfolio of 130+ Ionic Liquids, ranging from well-known imidazolium and pyridinium derivatives to ammonium, pyrrolidinium, phosphonium, and sulfonium derivatives. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Ohno H, Suzuki C, Fukumoto K, Yoshizawa M, Fujita K (2003) Electron transfer process of poly(ethylene oxide)-modified cytochrome c in imidazolium type ionic liquid. (springer.com)
  • Bernot R, Brueseke MA, Evans-White MA, Lamberti GA (2005) Acute and chronic toxicity of imidazolium-based ionic liquids on daphnia magna. (springer.com)
  • hydrogen
  • We have recently used this new theory to develop less viscous ionic liquids by fluorination of the hydrogen bond donors. (le.ac.uk)
  • Here, a focus was on creation of chiral ionic liquids possessing distinct functional groups: a strong hydrogen-bonding thiourea group was selected. (bl.uk)
  • While working with ionic liquids based on mineral acids, such as hydrogen sulphates, it was observed that Zn metal would react to form zinc sulphate. (phys.org)
  • The ionic liquid that is the main focus of this work is 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulphate (EMIHSO 4 ), however, other ionic liquids such as those based on the nitrate and dihydrogen phosphate anions (negatively charged ions) have also been found to work well in this type of a battery design. (phys.org)
  • behavior
  • The effects of different kinds of ionic liquids on protein stability and refolding behavior have been investigated and reported. (springer.com)
  • The ionic liquid properties affect the intermolecular interactions of proteins, inducing different formations and folding behavior. (springer.com)
  • choline
  • Unlike most of the conventional ionic liquids (ILs) derived from non-renewable resources, five environmentally friendly ILs ([Ch][AA] ILs) derived from amino acids (AAs) and choline (Ch) were synthesized using biomaterials by a simple, green route: acid-base reaction of Ch and AAs. (springer.com)
  • 2000
  • Even though their thermal and chemical stability gave them the sexy label of "green chemicals" (Earle and Seddon 2000 ), several biochemical studies have shown that ionic liquids can be toxic to organisms (Bernot et al. (springer.com)
  • QUILL
  • The distillation and volatility of ionic liquids' was first published in the renowned science journal Nature in 2006 by scientists from QUILL (Queen's University's Ionic Liquids Laboratories) , who were awarded the Queen's Anniversary Prize in February 2006. (sciencebase.com)
  • phospholipid
  • The first section starts with the review by Ghosh and co-workers dedicated to the interaction between ionic liquids and phospholipid monolayers, followed by two reviews focused on phospholipid bilayers. (springer.com)
  • reactions
  • Metal Catalysed Reactions in Ionic Liquids is the first non-edited book on the subject of metal catalysed reactions in ionic liquids and covers the literature from its origins until early 2005. (springer.com)
  • We are currently in discussions with a number of large companies about licensing ionic liquid technology for catalytic reactions, electropolishing, pickling and cleaning applications. (le.ac.uk)
  • A series of polyamides containing phthalazinone were prepared from the prepared dicarboxylic acid with various aromatic diamines in an ionic liquid ( IL ) as a green, safe, and eco-friendly medium and also reactions catalysis agent. (hindawi.com)
  • dissolution
  • A typical drawback with them is the high viscosity of the wood-IL systems after dissolution, which makes recycling, recovery, and reuse of the ionic liquids less viable. (springer.com)
  • interaction
  • The strong ionic (Coulomb-) interaction within these substances results in a negligible vapor pressure (unless decomposition occurs), a non-flammable substance, and in a high thermally, mechanically as well as electrochemically stable product. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Several chemical-physical studies have been carried out especially in the last decade, with the aim to understand the microscopic mechanism behind the ionic liquid-biomolecule interaction. (springer.com)
  • A. M. Lacrămă, M. V. Putz, and V. Ostafe, "A spectral-SAR model for the anionic-cationic interaction in ionic liquids: application to Vibrio fischeri ecotoxicity," International Journal of Molecular Sciences , vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 842-863, 2007. (hindawi.com)
  • metals
  • A process is under development to extract metals from ore samples using ionic liquids and recover the metals using electrodeposition. (le.ac.uk)
  • The root of this work began during standard corrosion studies of different metals in ionic liquids. (phys.org)