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  • Proteins
  • The fluid flow-induced changes in [Ca 2+ ] i and cAMP levels were significantly reduced or abolished when cilia were removed by chloral hydrate or when ciliary-associated proteins polycystin-1 (PC-1), a mechanoreceptor, polycystin-2 (PC-2), a Ca 2+ channel, and the Ca 2+ -inhibitable adenylyl cyclase isoform 6 (AC6), were individually down-regulated by siRNAs. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • bimolecular layer of lipids/proteins in a constantly changing fluid mosaic. (studystack.com)
  • characterize
  • However, there are so many disparate factors that, without exhaustive and impractical measurements, it is not possible to comprehensively characterize the fluid shift associated with an individual. (frontiersin.org)
  • infusion
  • This paper presents a lumped-parameter model that can reproduce blood volume response to fluid infusion. (frontiersin.org)
  • This model can obviate the need to incorporate complex mechanisms involved in the fluid shift in reproducing blood volume response to fluid infusion. (frontiersin.org)
  • The ability of the model to reproduce real-world blood volume response to fluid infusion was evaluated by fitting it to a series of data reported in the literature. (frontiersin.org)
  • It was concluded that this simple model may accurately reproduce a variety of blood volume responses to fluid infusion throughout different physiological states by fitting three parameters to a given dataset. (frontiersin.org)
  • The solution is administered by intravenous infusion for parenteral replacement of acute losses of extracellular fluid. (drugs.com)
  • volumes
  • This offers a tool that can quantify the fluid shift in a dataset given the measured fractional blood volumes. (frontiersin.org)
  • volume
  • Intracellular and extracellular fluid volume changes, effluent dialysate sodium, interdialytic weight grain, predialysis blood pressure, intradialytic blood pressure, intradialytic blood volume changes. (isrctn.com)
  • Davenport A, Negative dialysate to sodium gradient does not lead to intracellular volume expansion post hemodialysis. (isrctn.com)
  • The model is characterized by only three parameters: the target volume ratio, feedback gain (specifying the speed of fluid shift), and initial blood volume. (frontiersin.org)
  • Short-term benefits of sodium restriction on BP were reflected in significant change in kidney function and fluid volume parameters. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This current investigation is a post-hoc analysis aiming to assess effects of dietary sodium restriction on kidney function and metabolic markers (kidney function, fluid volume, adipokines). (biomedcentral.com)
  • secretion
  • The surgery creates a cascade of reactions in the body, including insulin resistance[ 2 ], stress hormone secretion, and, possibly, an imbalance in body fluid composition. (biomedcentral.com)
  • changes
  • The fluid flow-induced changes in Ca 2+ and cAMP levels in cholangiocytes of microperfused IBDUs were detected by epifluorescence microscopy and a fluorescence assay, respectively. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • flow
  • In microperfused IBDUs, luminal fluid flow induces a 37.5±3.1% increase in [Ca 2+ ] i and causes suppression of the forskolin-induced cAMP increase. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The net fluid shift is determined by the summary action occurring across the body's massive network of microvasculature, and the determinants of flow for each microscopic segment are complex, including the permeability of the vessels and the local Starling forces (i.e., hydrostatic and oncotic pressure gradients). (frontiersin.org)