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  • abdomen
  • People with high levels of intra-abdominal fat may not even know it, McTiernan said, because it is hidden, deposited around the internal organs within the abdomen. (fredhutch.org)
  • Abdominal obesity, also known as central obesity, is when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up to the extent that it is likely to have a negative impact on health. (wikipedia.org)
  • In surgical praxis, the abdomen is the primary donor-site for harvesting the tissues to create the free flap, because that region of the woman's body usually contain's sufficient (redundant) adipocyte fat and skin -tissues that are biologically compatible and aesthetically adequate for the construction of a substitute breast. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technique The Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous free-flap, created from the transverse abdominal muscle, is a breast reconstruction flap harvested from the abdomen of the woman. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disadvantages Besides a long scar to the abdomen, the surgical sacrifice of the rectus abdominis muscle can result in a higher risk of medical complications of the abdominal donor-site, such as hernia, and consequent intestinal protrusion (bulging), and pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • to achieve that, a deficit in energy expenditure and caloric intake must be created-abdominal exercises alone are not enough to reduce abdominal fat and the girth of the abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • The external oblique muscle (of the abdomen) (also external abdominal oblique muscle) is the largest and the most superficial (outermost) of the three flat muscles of the lateral anterior abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a symptom, the patient feels a full and tight abdomen, which may cause abdominal pain and is sometimes accompanied by increased stomach growling, or more seriously, the total lack of it. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rectus abdominis muscle, also known as the "abdominals" or "abs", is a paired muscle running vertically on each side of the anterior wall of the human abdomen, as well as that of some other mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • tumors
  • Important but uncommon causes of abdominal bloating include ascites and tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ovarian cancer Important but uncommon causes of abdominal bloating include: Large intra-abdominal tumors, such as those arising from cancers of the ovarian, liver, uterus and stomach Megacolon, an abnormal dilation of the colon caused by some diseases, such as Chagas disease, a parasitic infection Cardiopulmonary resuscitation procedures, due to the artificial mouth-to-mouth insufflation of air. (wikipedia.org)
  • Retroperitoneal tumors may present themselves with signs of weight loss and emaciation and abdominal pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fatty
  • It is thought the internal fat more directly exposes the internal organs and liver to free fatty acids and other pro-inflammatory factors. (chrissaundersmd.com)
  • Trans fat, or trans-unsaturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids, are a type of unsaturated fat that occur in small amounts in nature, but became widely produced industrially from vegetable fats for use in margarine, snack food, packaged baked goods, and frying fast food starting in the 1950s. (wikipedia.org)
  • rectus
  • The TRAM flap is composed of skin, adipocyte fat, and the musculus rectus abdominis, which is perfused (irrigated) by the deep inferior epigastric artery and by the deep inferior epigastric vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following tables rank abdominal exercises from highest to lowest in terms of activity as determined by the EMG measures: 1Compared to traditional crunch (100%) The bicycle targets the rectus abdominals and the obliques. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tensing of the rectus abdominis causes the muscle to expand between each tendinous intersection, resulting in the characteristic six or eight pack observed in individuals with low body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • obesity is not
  • Although it is known that so-called 'apple-shaped' people who store their fat around the stomach are at higher risk for conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and stroke than 'pear-shaped' people who store their fat in their buttocks and thighs, visceral obesity is not necessarily correlated with body shape, McTiernan said. (fredhutch.org)
  • Abdominal obesity is not confined only to the elderly and obese subjects. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • In animals, causes of abdominal bloating include: Gastric dilatation volvulus, a condition of dogs which occurs when gas is trapped inside the stomach and gastric torsion prevents it from escaping Ruminal tympany, a condition of ruminant animals which occurs when gas cannot escape from the rumen. (wikipedia.org)
  • ultrasound
  • For the second visit, participants will give blood and urine samples, receive an abdominal ultrasound, ride a stationary bicycle for 5 minutes, and fill out health-related questionnaires. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • body
  • It is the most metabolically active fat in the body and easily accessible for LIPOLYSIS. (nih.gov)
  • As we age or gain weight, fat tends to accumulate in different parts of our body. (chrissaundersmd.com)
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging was used to determine body fat distribution. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Recent data suggest that people with abdominal obesity commonly exhibit low levels of GH, which affects the body's growth rate and the way the body uses food for energy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The reason: Exercise effectively reduces weight, overall body fat and intra-abdominal fat, a hidden risk factor for many chronic illnesses. (fredhutch.org)
  • There is a strong body of scientific evidence supporting the beneficial effects green tea can have on body weight, waist circumference and abdominal fat. (prohealth.com)
  • What is sometimes overlooked, however, is green tea's ability to promote weight loss and reduce body fat. (prohealth.com)
  • Multiple studies have been published showing that regular consumption of green tea - or of supplements containing the catechins extracted from green tea - may influence energy metabolism, body weight and body fat content. (prohealth.com)
  • Acquired generalized lipodystrophy (also known as "Lawrence syndrome," and "Lawrence-Seip syndrome", abbreviation: AGL) is a rare skin condition that appears during childhood or adolescence, characterized by fat loss affecting large areas of the body, particularly the face, arms, and legs. (wikipedia.org)
  • This body type is also known as "apple shaped", as opposed to "pear shaped", in which fat is deposited on the hips and buttocks. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the late 1980s and early 1990s insightful and powerful imaging techniques were discovered that would further help advance the understanding of the health risks associated with body fat accumulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relative weight and body mass index (BMI) are nearly identical and are reasonable estimates of body fatness as measured by percentage body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, BMI does not account for the wide variation in body fat distribution, and may not correspond to the same degree of fatness or associated health risk in different individuals and populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other measurements of fat distribution include the waist-hip ratio and body fat percentage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal weight obesity is a condition of having normal body weight, but high body fat percentages with the same health risks of obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body mass index or BMI is a simple and widely used method for estimating body fat mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • BMI is an accurate reflection of body fat percentage in the majority of the adult population. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, their mean body fat percentage, 14%, is well within what's considered a healthy range. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, accurate measurement of body fat percentage is much more difficult than measurement of BMI. (wikipedia.org)
  • In those with a BMI under 35, intra-abdominal body fat is related to negative health outcomes independent of total body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • gastric
  • It may remain as a literal "apron of skin" if a severely obese person quickly loses large amounts of fat (a common result of gastric bypass surgery). (wikipedia.org)
  • inflammation
  • Acute disease related to intra-abdominal fat are due to inflammation of this fat and include mainly primary epiploic appendagitis, torsion of the greater omentum and mesenteric panniculitis. (springer.com)
  • Although trans fats are edible, consumption of trans fats has been shown to increase the risk of coronary artery disease in part by raising levels of the lipoprotein LDL (often referred to as "bad cholesterol"), lowering levels of the lipoprotein HDL (often referred to as "good cholesterol"), increasing triglycerides in the bloodstream and promoting systemic inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • vitro
  • Research into how the catechins, particularly EGCG, found in green tea benefit weight loss and fat distribution has been conducted in vitro (test tubes), using mice, and finally in clinical trials with humans. (prohealth.com)
  • tissues
  • In AGL patients, adipose tissues are insufficient and leads to fat deposition in non-adipose tissues, such as muscle or liver, resulting in hypertriglyceridemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indications The woman must be psychologically motivated to undergo such great surgical interventions (reconstruction and harvesting), and she must physically possess sufficient abdominal tissues (skin, muscle, and fat) with which to construct the replacement breast. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Because it is so costly to measure intra-abdominal obesity, until now very little data has existed on the impact of exercise on this dangerous, hidden health risk in both men and women,' she said. (fredhutch.org)
  • It is now generally believed that intra-abdominal fat is the depot that conveys the biggest health risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • because it possesses a robust blood supply, there is a low risk of tissue necrosis, either of the flap or of the adipocyte fat, and the reconstructed breast can tolerate oncologic radiotherapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trans fat has been shown to consistently be associated, in an intake-dependent way, with increased risk of coronary artery disease, a leading cause of death in Western nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • The clinical presentation is similar to people with congenital lipodystrophy: the only difference is that AGL patients are born with normal fat distribution and symptoms develop in childhood and adolescence years and rarely begins after 30 years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common symptoms include bloating, constipation, abdominal cramp or pain after bowel movement, or feeling like a movement is required even after one has been completed. (wikipedia.org)
  • obese
  • 2007) examined whether abdominal circumference is a more reliable indicator than BMI of the presence of knee osteoarthritis in obese patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • pain
  • De Brito P, Gomez MA, Besson M, Scotto B, Huten N, Alison D (2008) Frequency and epidemiology of primary epiploic appendagitis on CT in adults with abdominal pain. (springer.com)
  • This is useful for improving performance with certain sports, back pain, and for withstanding abdominal impacts (e.g., taking punches). (wikipedia.org)
  • IBS is a brain-gut dysfunction that causes visceral hypersensitivity and results in bloating in association with recurrent diarrhea (or constipation) and abdominal pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • person's
  • In 2003 the World Health Organisation recommended that trans fats make up no more than 1% of a person's diet. (wikipedia.org)
  • levels
  • Obesity, and more specifically abdominal obesity, may cause decreased growth hormone (GH) levels. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Two Canadian studies have shown that vaccenic acid, found in beef and dairy products, could actually be beneficial compared to hydrogenated vegetable shortening, or a mixture of pork lard and soy fat, by lowering total and LDL and triglyceride levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trans fats levels can be reduced or eliminated using saturated fats such as lard, palm oil or fully hydrogenated fats, or by using interesterified fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • lipid
  • Exercise did not change epicardial fat volume (P = .9), myocardial TG content (P = .9), intramyocellular lipid content (P = .3) or cardiac function (P = .5). (rsna.org)
  • Nonadjusted regression analysis between bone marrow fat and ectopic and serum lipid levels. (rsna.org)
  • There are positive correlations between bone marrow fat and total muscle lipid levels. (rsna.org)
  • Muscles
  • The rectus abdominis muscle is contained in the rectus sheath, which consists of the aponeuroses of the lateral abdominal muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • The muscles are innervated by thoraco-abdominal nerves, these are continuations of the T7-T11 intercostal nerves and pierce the anterior layer of the rectus sheath. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Simple anthropometric measures are often implemented as proxy measures of overall and central fat in epidemiological studies. (mrc.ac.uk)
  • causes
  • Tensing of the rectus abdominis causes the muscle to expand between each tendinous intersection, resulting in the characteristic six or eight pack observed in individuals with low body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other causes include high levels of blood fats, high blood calcium, some medications, and certain genetic disorders such as cystic fibrosis among others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lower
  • I noticed that my AFI is on the lower side of normal (it was 9.9 at 32 weeks) so that, in combination with the reducing abdominal circumference, is concerning me. (preeclampsia.org)
  • They are also marked by black hair segments on the basal section of the fourth abdominal segments have black hair and whitish lower edge of the fourth and fifth abdominal segments. (wikipedia.org)
  • measurement
  • Training and standardisation to maximise accuracy and precision and minimise inter- and intra- observer measurement errors. (mrc.ac.uk)
  • bone
  • Mean intrahepatic lipids (IHL) and intramyocellular lipids (IMCL), as well as mean serum triglyceride levels, are on average significantly positively associated with bone marrow fat in obese men and women, new research shows . (rsna.org)
  • disease
  • Under certain circumstances, like pelvic inflammatory disease or previous intra-abdominal operation for an inflammatory process, such as endometriosis, a vaginal hysterectomy is not advisable. (medscape.com)
  • There are other intra-abdominal malignancies that may cross the diaphragm and cause disease in the chest that could be potentially helped by ITH. (wikipedia.org)
  • As is common in abdominal disease, bowel sounds may be reduced from reflex bowel paralysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • body fat
  • Waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio are used as to infer central distribution of body fat. (mrc.ac.uk)
  • distribution
  • In particular, the amount and distribution of fat and lean mass are important for health throughout the lifespan. (mrc.ac.uk)
  • addition
  • In addition, they also have sparse whitish hairs that may appear black on the sixth abdominal segment, and an entirely black head. (wikipedia.org)
  • weight
  • Dietary interventions or substantial weight loss did not seem to be a requisite for beneficial reductions in visceral abdominal, paracardial, and hepatic fat volume in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus," the authors write. (rsna.org)
  • different
  • The most obvious difference between animal and human abdominal musculature is that in animals, there are a different number of tendinous intersections. (wikipedia.org)
  • reduce
  • Also be mindful and reduce fat in your diet and cut down on eating meats and Sugars/sweets. (healthtap.com)