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  • infection
  • In the search for novel pharmacological strategies that inhibit the Th1 immune response (proinflammatory) and assist the host against T. spiralis infection, recent studies showed that resiniferatoxin (RTX) had anti-inflammatory activity, which decreased the serum levels of IL-12, INF-γ, IL-1β, TNF-α, NO, and PGE 2 , as well the number of eosinophils in the blood, associated with decreased intestinal pathology and muscle parasite burden. (parasitol.kr)
  • This infection is also sometimes referred to as trichinellosis or trichiniasis. (wisegeek.com)
  • Vaccination with the two recombinant DNase II enzymes triggered prominent humoral responses that exhibited significant immune protection against T. spiralis larval infection, as demonstrated by the notable reduction in intestinal AW and muscle larva burdens. (frontiersin.org)
  • humans
  • Intestinal flukes that can infect humans are Fasciolopsis buski, Heterophyes heterophyes, Metagonimus yokogawai, Echinostoma species, and Nanophyetus salmincola . (encyclopedia.com)
  • surveillance
  • In the United States, the national trichinellosis surveillance system noted an average number of 393 cases between the years of 1947 and 1951 and an average of twelve cases between 1997 and 2001. (redorbit.com)
  • phase
  • During the intestinal phase, the immune response is mixed (Th1/Th2) with the initial predominance of the Th1 response and the subsequent domination of Th2 response, which favor the development of intestinal pathology. (parasitol.kr)
  • wall
  • Tapeworms have a ribbon-like body composed of a scolex, which attaches the worm to the intestinal wall, and a long chain of progressively developing proglottids. (encyclopedia.com)
  • days
  • A gain of precocity from 7 up to 14 days and detection up to 25 weeks p.i. was possible with the L20h-Ts3 ELISA offering a large window for trichinellosis detection. (semanticscholar.org)
  • study
  • Fourth, to study intestinal multiparasitism, the local endemicity of S. stercoralis and the performance of diagnostic tools in Menghai county, Yunnan province. (unibas.ch)