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  • Bile
  • Hyodeoxycholic acid, also known as 3α,6α-Dihydroxy-5β-cholan-24-oic acid or HDCA, is a secondary bile acid, one of the metabolic byproducts of intestinal bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Activated carbon is also used for bowel preparation by reducing intestinal gas content before abdominal radiography to visualize bile and pancreatic and renal stones. (wikipedia.org)
  • segments
  • The results indicated that Peff values of PF-SMEDDSNR were distinctly higher than those of SMEDDS loaded with pueraria flavones using Cremophor®RH 40 as the surfactant (PF-SMEDDSR) and PF-solution in four intestinal segments. (ovid.com)
  • Transport
  • 1. The intestinal transport of oligopeptides containing either lysine or arginine has been compared with that of the corresponding free amino acids in six homozygous cystinuric patients and in six normal adult subjects by use of the oral tolerance test technique. (clinsci.org)
  • Extensive clinical studies established that HFM is due to (i) impaired intestinal absorption of folates and (ii) impaired transport of folates across the blood-choroid plexus-cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) barrier. (wikipedia.org)
  • evaluate
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate intestinal absorption, organ distribution, and urinary elimination of the rare sugar D-psicose, a 3-carbon stereoisomer of D-fructose that is currently being investigated and which has been found to be strongly effective against hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia. (dovepress.com)
  • flux
  • Cotransport was the first ever proposal of flux coupling in biology and was the most important event concerning carbohydrate absorption in the 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • diffusion
  • The results showed that the intestinal absorption of rhein occurred through active diffusion, and rhein might be composed of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) substrates. (hindawi.com)
  • Reid invented a recording osmometer, and at Dundee investigated secretion and absorption and the processes of diffusion, osmosis and filtration in the passage of materials across surfaces. (wikipedia.org)
  • cell
  • The consistent results observed in TWCQT further implied that processed liquorice in TWCQT could suppress the absorption of rhein across the Caco-2 cell monolayer. (hindawi.com)
  • properties
  • However, the intestinal absorption properties of major ingredients of most herbal medicines are unknown, probably because of lack of sensitive analytical methods, difficulties in choice of the marker ingredients, and other confounding factors. (aspetjournals.org)
  • difference
  • 2. No difference was found in the absorption of lysine from l-lysylglycine and an equivalent mixture of free lysine and glycine. (clinsci.org)
  • No difference was found for the former peptide, but in the latter absorption rates of arginine were higher after the amino acid mixture. (clinsci.org)
  • rates
  • 5. Absorption rates of the dipeptides l-lysylglycine and l-arginyl-l-aspartate from an isolated loop of rat gut are compared with those of an equivalent free amino acid mixture. (clinsci.org)