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  • aneurysm
  • Clinical and anatomical variables reported to be risk factors associated with stroke recurrence include older age, large PFO, large right-to-left shunting, and combined atrial septal aneurysm (ASA), which, however, were not confirmed by other studies. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Among cryptogenic stroke patients, patients who was identified as high risk PFO which might be defined as high-risk of recurrence (PFO size ≥ 2 mm or atrial septal aneurysm or hypermobility by TEE) will be randomized 1:1 to :a) Device closure using Amplatzer device vs. b) standard medical therapy alone. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • embolism
  • In addition to these causes, congenital heart dysfunction, and other conditions such as hyperthyroidism, pulmonary embolism, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can lead to the development of atrial flutter as well. (healthery.com)
  • hypertension
  • Not only can this help monitor signs and symptoms of conditions that can lead to atrial flutter, they can also provide medications to help treat the effects of conditions such as hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes. (healthery.com)