• spaces
  • ICNB was performed under direct vision by the surgeon by injecting 0.5% bupivacaine into each of the three intercostal spaces before perichondrial dissection. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Dorsal
  • In paravertebral block the anaesthetic agent is delivered to most logical space through which runs the intercostal nerve as it exits intervertebral foramina, its dorsal primary ramus (supplying posterior spinal muscles and costovertebral ligament strained at thoracotomy), its collateral branch (supplying the parietal pleura) and the sympathetic afferents on that side (supplying the visceral pleura). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • abdominal
  • Illustration from 'Surgical Anatomy: The Treatise of the Human Anatomy and Its Applications to the Practice of Medicine and Surgery, volume III' (by Dr. John Blair Deaver) shows the lower intercostal nerves which supply the Intercostales and abdominal muscles, the last three sending branches to the Serratus posterior inferior, 1903. (gettyimages.com)
  • chronic
  • In cases of acute, subacute and chronic pain , a well-planned nerve block can do a lot to greatly reduce a patient's discomfort as their body heals or give them the relief, they need to continue working on their pain management in cases of chronic pain. (paininjuryrelief.com)