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  • nutrients
  • For breast cancer, the list of environmental risk factors includes the individual person's development, exposure to microbes, "medical interventions, dietary exposures to nutrients, energy and toxicants, ionizing radiation, and chemicals from industrial and agricultural processes and from consumer products. (wikipedia.org)
  • ratio
  • Generalized least-squares regression analyses for unpaired twin data were used to determine the relationship between dietary fat intake and insulin levels after adjustment for total calories, age, several behavioral variables, and in some models, percentage of body fat and waist-to-hip ratio. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Inverse associations with cognitive decline were observed in these latter restricted analyses for high intake of monounsaturated fat and a high ratio of polyunsaturated to saturated fat intake. (neurology.org)
  • The visceral fat is located in the abdomen in the waist region, large waist circumference and high waist-to-hip ratio are therefore often used as indications of an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • 0.04
  • The relation of dietary fat with fasting insulin was significantly attenuated among physically active women compared with those who were sedentary ( P = 0.04), even after adjustment for obesity. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Only saturated fat intake was significantly associated with 2-h postglucose load insulin level before ( P = 0.04) but not after adjustment for obesity. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • subtypes
  • A study was conducted to assess the effect of dietary fat and different fat subtypes on risk of depression. (fyiliving.com)
  • Dietary fat intake and development of specific breast cancer subtypes. (ox.ac.uk)
  • We prospectively evaluated fat intake as predictor of developing breast cancer (BC) subtypes defined by estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor 2 receptor (HER2), in a large (n = 337327) heterogeneous cohort of women, with 10062 BC case patients after 11.5 years, estimating BC hazard ratios (HRs) by Cox proportional hazard modeling. (ox.ac.uk)
  • higher
  • RESULTS -Intakes of total fat (multivariate RR for extreme quintiles 1.27, CI 1.04-1.55, P for trend=0.02) and saturated fat (1.34, 1.09-1.66, P for trend=0.01) were associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • A higher proportion of unsaturated fat may improve insulin signaling by increasing membrane fluidity ( 5 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Saturated fats tend to have higher melting points than their corresponding unsaturated fats, leading to the popular understanding that saturated fats tend to be solids at room temperatures, while unsaturated fats tend to be liquid at room temperature with varying degrees of viscosity (meaning both saturated and unsaturated fats are found to be liquid at body temperature). (wikipedia.org)
  • coconut
  • Cooking oil is typically a liquid at room temperature, although some oils that contain saturated fat, such as coconut oil, palm oil and palm kernel oil are solid. (wikipedia.org)
  • insulin
  • OBJECTIVE To evaluate the associations between the usual intake of dietary fats and insulin concentrations. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Associations of dietary fat intake with insulin levels were also evaluated within the subset of monozygotic twin pairs ( n = 164 pairs) after removal of genetic influences by regression analysis of intrapair differences. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Alternatively, the apparently divergent results observed in different populations may be real because the effects of dietary fat may vary with population characteristics, such as age, BMI, and physical activity, that are associated with insulin sensitivity ( 17 - 19 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Fat tissue has also been shown to be involved in managing much of the body's response to insulin and control of uptake of sugar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fat cells also secrete adiponectin which acts in an opposite way to RBP4 by improving the action of insulin, however, engorged fat cells secrete it in lower amount than normal fat cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • fewer
  • Recently, depression has been shown to be directly related to Western food habits, mainly consumption of saturated fats and fewer fruits, vegetables and whole grains. (fyiliving.com)
  • The recommendation is that 10% or fewer of daily calories should be from saturated fat, and 20-35% of total daily calories should come from polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats. (wikipedia.org)
  • hyperinsulinemia
  • Several studies of hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia suggested a detrimental effect of saturated fat ( 7 - 12 ) and a beneficial effect of polyunsaturated fat ( 8 , 13 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • glucose
  • Visceral fat, which is found around organs such as the intestines and liver, releases signalling molecules directly into blood heading into the liver where glucose is absorbed and processed, while subcutaneous fat under the skin is much less metabolically active. (wikipedia.org)
  • types of fat
  • To examine whether consumption of different types of fat is associated with age-related change in cognition. (neurology.org)
  • In 1997, he published a study showing that types of fat are more important than total amount of fat in determining risk of heart disease in the Nurses' Health Study. (wikipedia.org)
  • dairy
  • The study checked whether the participants were sticking to the Mediterranean Dietary Pattern (MDP) including vegetables, fruits and nuts, fish, meat and meat products, legumes, alcohol and dairy intake. (fyiliving.com)