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  • glucose
  • Esterman A, Greco MA, Mitani Y, Finlay TH, Ismail-Beigi F, Dancis J. The effect of hypoxia on human trophoblast in culture: morphology, glucose transport and metabolism. (ukrbiochemjournal.org)
  • The result of the disturbed metabolism of glucose causes an abnormal accumulation of sugar in the blood stream and the diabetic condition. (jcm.co.uk)
  • The interest in chromium as a nutritional enhancement to glucose metabolism can be traced back to the 1950s, when it was suggested that brewer's yeast contained a glucose tolerance factor (GTF) that prevented diabetes in experimental animals ( 1 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Whereas chromium replacement in deficiency states is well established, the role of chromium supplementation to enhance glucose metabolism in subjects is controversial and serves as the basis for this review. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • synthesis
  • The cellular cysteine is highly regulated in a narrow range of concentrations due to its cyto- and neurtoxicity when it is overwhelmed or its deficiency for protein synthesis and other vital metabolic reactions when its amount is restricted. (ukrbiochemjournal.org)
  • energy metabolism
  • For example, since most of the metabolic reactions dealing with carbon and energy metabolism occur within the cytoplasm, the periplasmic reactions as well as transport reactions between the environment, periplasm and cytoplasm were discarded. (springer.com)
  • Protein
  • Cysteine is a source of disulfide linkage in protein and is associated with sulfur transport. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • By applying functional genomic tools like transcript, metabolite, and protein profiling in our analysis of transgenic potato ( Solanum tuberosum ) and of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana , we are heading for a better understanding of the sulfur metabolism network in plants. (mpg.de)
  • metabolic
  • Our long-term goal is to imbed sulfur metabolism in a broader context such as carbohydrate and nitrogen metabolic networks, which will occur through close collaborations with external and in house research groups. (mpg.de)
  • yields
  • For example, the reaction of cysteine with sugars in a Maillard reaction yields meat flavors. (ymdb.ca)
  • Pathways
  • When looking globally at the metabolism of a yeast, there are three basic catabolism (breakdown) pathways one has to consider. (phdinbeer.com)
  • Recently, we embarked on a course to study sulfur metabolism in a holistic way, rather than focusing on single pathways as such. (mpg.de)
  • mainly
  • In accordance with the results of the phylogenetic studies, in which mainly aerobic and facultative aerobic bacteria were detected, genes typical for central metabolism of aerobes were found. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Actions
  • Out of this study came information that suggested that a significant proportion of the population that included disproportionally the aged, may not be receiving sufficient sulfur and that these dietary supplements, were very likely exhibiting their pharmacological actions by supplying inorganic sulfur. (biomedcentral.com)
  • human
  • The metabolism and disposition of calcimimetic agent cinacalcet HCl was examined after a single oral administration to mice, rats, monkeys, and human volunteers. (biomedsearch.com)
  • essential
  • Interest regarding chromium administration in patients with diabetes was kindled by the observation in the 1970s that it truly was an essential nutrient required for normal carbohydrate metabolism. (diabetesjournals.org)