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  • chondrocytes
  • Frazer A, Bunning RA, Thavarajah M, Seid JM, Russell RG (1994) Studies on type II collagen and aggrecan production in human articular chondrocytes in vitro and effects of transforming growth factor-beta and interleukin-1beta. (springer.com)
  • Gaissmaier C, Fritz J, Krackhardt T, Flesch I, Aicher WK, Ashammakhi N (2005) Effect of human platelet supernatant on proliferation and matrix synthesis of human articular chondrocytes in monolayer and three-dimensional alginate cultures. (springer.com)
  • efficacy
  • Glucocorticoid injections are commonly used to treat painful musculoskeletal conditions, but there is a lack of consensus regarding their efficacy for various conditions [ 1 ]. (uptodate.com)
  • Clinical
  • This topic will review specific aspects of intraarticular and soft tissue glucocorticoid injections, including the dose and selection of the glucocorticoid preparation as well as some general clinical considerations. (uptodate.com)
  • For patients with OA of the knee, ACR has no recommendation regarding HA injections because of the lack of data from randomized clinical trials on either benefit or safety at the time of publication. (creakyjoints.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Continuous femoral block with ropivacaine appeared to have no clinical advantage in the immediate postoperative period after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction when compared with an intra-articular injection of bupivacaine/morphine. (druglib.com)
  • symptomatic
  • It is generally used as a last resort before surgery and provides symptomatic relief, by recovering the viscoelasticity of the articular fluid, and by stimulating new production from synovial fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • procedure
  • The procedure consisted of 150-ml of venous blood collected and twice centrifugated: 3 PRP units of 5 ml each were used for the injections. (springer.com)
  • In acute closed lock, it is theorized that the upper joint space is inflated from its normally collapsed state during this procedure, and this extra space frees up the articular disc which returns to its correct position. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients
  • Currently, there are 56 patients in thestudy.VAS: 0/10 at one month in 26 patients (46 %), some of them presenting a VAS=10/10 prior to injection. (omicsonline.org)
  • Triamcinolone withdrawal: In patients who have received more than physiological doses of Kenalog (more than one injection during a three week period), withdrawal should not be abrupt. (medicines.org.uk)
  • One hundred consecutive patients, affected by chronic degenerative condition of the knee, were treated with PRP intra-articular injections (115 knees treated). (springer.com)
  • The preliminary results indicate that the treatment with PRP injections is safe and has the potential to reduce pain and improve knee function and quality of live in younger patients with low degree of articular degeneration. (springer.com)
  • For patients with OA of the hand, ACR recommends not using either intraarticular corticosteroids or HA injections and, furthermore, provided no recommendation on the choice between corticosteroids and hyaluronates, if a provider decides to give an injection. (creakyjoints.org)
  • Patients of case group will receive cell injection 1 and 4 months after bone marrow aspiration. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The patients who are in control group and underwent placebo injection. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • After administering injections to Hepatitis B patients, researchers found Hepatitis B had penetrated the protective cap and contaminated the internal components of the jet injector, showing that the internal fluid pathway and patient contacting parts cannot safely be reused. (wikipedia.org)
  • They need no sterilization between patients, speeding up mass injection of many individuals[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • synovial
  • It is also suggested that undesirable contents within the synovial fluid of the joint can be washed out, such as microscopic debris (from breakdown of the articular surfaces) and pain mediators (enzymes and prostaglandins), and there is also stimulation of the synovial membrane to restore its normal lubricating function. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • See 'Subacute and chronic low back pain: Nonsurgical interventional treatment', section on 'Glucocorticoid and other injections' . (uptodate.com)
  • Treatment of a post-injection flare involves draining the fluid with a needle and syringe. (creakyjoints.org)
  • In such cases the prospect of intra-articular anti-TNF treatment seems more practical, at lower cost and at less risk than other routes of delivery of these drugs (IV or sc). (bmj.com)
  • It is used as an aid in ophthalmic surgery acting as aqueous and vitreous humor, e.g. in cataract extraction (intra- and extracapsular), intraocular lens implantation, corneal transplant, glaucoma filtration, and retina attachment surgery and in the treatment of dry eyes. (wikipedia.org)
  • medication
  • Presumably when used in the neck it delivers the medication intravenously or intra-arterially and when used on the arm it delivers intramuscularly. (wikipedia.org)
  • fluid
  • The injection seems to work by temporarily restoring the thickness of the joint fluid, allowing better joint lubrication and perhaps directly affecting pain receptors. (creakyjoints.org)
  • This is a post-injection reaction with fluid accumulating in the joint, which is associated with swelling and significant pain, and is well recognized amongst treating clinicians. (creakyjoints.org)
  • bone
  • Injections were performed 2-3 weeks after bone marrow aspiration (± 80-100 ml) which was obtained from both posterior iliac crests. (nih.gov)
  • pain
  • Release or decrease of pain was the only goal of the injection. (omicsonline.org)
  • Injections for subacute and chronic low back pain are also discussed separately. (uptodate.com)
  • It may take more than one injection for the pain to go away. (creakyjoints.org)
  • Some studies have shown that HA injections can reduce pain for up to six months, but others have shown more limited results, with 30 to 40 percent of those receiving the injections showing no improvement. (creakyjoints.org)
  • Evaluation the changing of pain density measured by Visual Analogue Scale after cell injection. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • HYPOTHESIS: A pain control protocol involving a continuous ropivacaine femoral nerve block will decrease pain and narcotic use in the first 24 hours after surgery compared with a postoperative pain control protocol involving an intra-articular injection of bupivacaine/morphine. (druglib.com)
  • include
  • Reported sources of infection can include self intracavernous injections to treat erectile dysfunction as well as phacoemulsification. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • A recent study, presented last year at the EULAR conference, found that there were certain characteristics that make a person less likely to show improvement with HA injections, including obesity, severe arthritis, being older than 65, and/or having HA or corticosteroid shots in the past. (creakyjoints.org)
  • Results
  • Some studies have shown that HA injections can reduce pain for up to six months, but others have shown more limited results, with 30 to 40 percent of those receiving the injections showing no improvement. (creakyjoints.org)
  • residual
  • This was performed at least one month after the last ineffective Betametasone injection in order to avoid possible residual steroid effect. (bmj.com)