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  • Cord Injury
  • Ivan Cheng, MD (Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, Calif.). Dr. Cheng has been conducting research at Stanford on using stem cells for spinal cord injury for the past five years. (beckersspine.com)
  • patients
  • After obtaining approval from review boards at both centers and written informed consent from patients, we enrolled 42 parturients scheduled for cesarean delivery using spinal anesthesia. (asahq.org)
  • Methods: Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status class I or II patients, who were scheduled to spinal anesthesia were randomly assigned to one of three groups n = 30. (duhnnae.com)
  • Patients with preexisting or pregnancy-induced hypertension, cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease, known fetal abnormalities, or contraindications to spinal anesthesia were excluded. (asahq.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to determine whether a single infusion of remifentanil was useful for conscious sedation during spinal anesthesia by evaluating the sedative score, anxiety level and the incidence of side effects while patients were infused with a target controlled infusion (TCI) of remifentanil at concentration of 1.0 ng/ml, 2.0 ng/ml, 3.0 ng/ml and 3.5 ng/ml. (ekja.org)
  • bone
  • He has at least six patents for medical devices and his research is focused on bone regeneration, spine fusion and spinal disorders. (beckersspine.com)
  • concentration
  • The aim of this study was to define the optimal target concentration of remifentanil which effectively achieves conscious sedation without significant vital sign changes and side effects during spinal anesthesia. (ekja.org)
  • But, it produces an excellent sedative effect at a blood concentration of 0.9 µg/ml during spinal anesthesia. (ekja.org)
  • local
  • Because spinal anesthesia itself potentiates the sedative effects due to the deafferentation mechanism in the early phase as well as a direct action of local anesthetics to the brain in the late phase [ 2 ], requirement of the sedatives and anesthestics can be reduced during spinal anesthesia [ 3 ]. (ekja.org)
  • effects
  • We conclude that the TCI of remifentanil at 3.0 ng/ml produces an effective sedation and anti-anxiety effects without significant side effects during spinal anesthesia. (ekja.org)
  • minutes
  • Normal saline 10 ml, 5 ml-hr loading dose for 10 minutes, infusion Group NS, dexmedetomidine 1 µg-kg, 0.5 µg-kg-hr Group DEX, or ketamine 0.2 mg-kg, 0.5 mg-kg-hr Group KET was infused intravenously before spinal anesthesia. (duhnnae.com)
  • rate
  • Observer's assessment of alertness/sedation (OAA/S) scale, the bispectral index (BIS), anxiety levels and infusion rate of remifentanil were monitored during the operation. (ekja.org)
  • small
  • Therefore, a single infusion of remifentanil has a similar effect to combination use with a small dose of sedatives for conscious sedation [ 4 ]. (ekja.org)
  • Group
  • In group A (n = 40) ringer with 1% glucose solution (10 gr glucose in 1000 mL ringer) and in group B (n = 40) only ringer solution infused before and after spinal anesthesia. (anesthpain.com)
  • As far back as the fifth century BCE, specialists and sufferers alike have attempted a large group of innovative cures, from parasites and hot coals in Roman times to twentieth century utilization of creams and infusions. (blogspot.com)