Loading...
  • processes
  • The purpose of the program is to announce the availability of fiscal year (FY) 2008 funds for a cooperative agreement to assess the efficacy or effectiveness of interventions designed to change community characteristics and social processes to reduce rates of youth violence perpetration and victimization. (nih.gov)
  • Typically, informal sector units are small-scale, engaging mainly non-waged and unorganised workers in precarious work processes and labour arrangements, largely unregulated and unregistered, falling outside of state regulations and control, including those related to OSH and social protection. (ilo.org)
  • Centers
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), no known amount of alcohol is safe to drink while one is pregnant. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The policies, guidelines, terms, and conditions of the HHS Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stated in this announcement might differ from those used by the HHS National Institutes of Health (NIH). (nih.gov)
  • Examines
  • Examines social, economic, and political factors associated with environmental impacts on disenfranchised communities of color. (fisk.edu)
  • This book examines the historical, institutional and social dimensions of the relationship between deportation and citizenship in liberal democracies. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • 2018
  • The STEPS Summer School in May 2018 will bring together highly-motivated doctoral and postdoctoral researchers, working in fields around development studies, science and technology studies, innovation and policy studies, and across agricultural, health, urban, water or energy issues. (eldis.org)
  • whereby
  • Theory: The adoption of EC secondary legislation can be analyzed from the perspective of agency theory whereby Member States and the Parliament delegate policy authority to the Commission and design ex-post control procedures (i.e. (repec.org)
  • considers
  • As part of the discussion on the impact of COP implementation, this paper also considers the impact of social disorganization on crime in the United States. (mdpi.com)
  • welfare
  • It is considered to be a government's course of action designed to influence the welfare of its citizens by dealing with social issues. (ivoryresearch.com)
  • A social worker is a professionally trained person employed in the administration of charity, social service, welfare, and poverty agencies, advocacy, or religious outreach programs (Hudson, 2000). (ivoryresearch.com)
  • Social workers provide several kinds of services designed to aid the poor and aged and to increase the welfare of children. (ivoryresearch.com)
  • Topics include the social meanings of color, sex/gender systems in historical and contemporary perspectives, theories of power, stereotyping, affirmative action, and welfare debates. (utdallas.edu)
  • suggests policy
  • This report discusses how OOP and informal payments in the Republic of Moldova are affecting the reform objectives, presents a framework for understanding the causes of these payments, and suggests policy options to reduce them. (who.int)
  • Exposure
  • High exposure to risks combined with low coverage of social protection place most informal economy workers in a very vulnerable situation. (ilo.org)
  • work
  • Also, states and governments promote social work and several social services in an active way by committing a substantial part of the annual state budget to the hiring of social workers. (ivoryresearch.com)
  • In addition, the term social work will also be analysed. (ivoryresearch.com)
  • In the discussion, the importance of social policy and social work will be mentioned. (ivoryresearch.com)
  • Social work " is the work produced by social workers who engage in intervention and assistance to provide change in the feelings, well-being and behaviour of an individual, or a specific social group in a community (Hudson, 2000). (ivoryresearch.com)
  • How can social policy and social work be used in order to promote both social change and social control? (ivoryresearch.com)
  • This gives students the opportunity to work alongside local organisations and community groups in delivering real-time, bottom up social-urban change. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Informal economy workers often work in the most hazardous jobs, conditions and circumstances across all economic sectors - agriculture, industry and services. (ilo.org)
  • Preventive measures, in the form of OSH management systems and a general safety culture, to reduce risks at work often do not reach the informal economy. (ilo.org)
  • Occupational accidents and work-related diseases can and must be prevented in the informal economy. (ilo.org)
  • commitment
  • It is also hypothesized that social bond, in the form of attachment, commitment, involvement and belief, has a positive effect on status achievement. (illinois.edu)
  • factors
  • Such surveys have increasingly been used as a basis for policy-making, including the assessment of risk factors for drug use and in the evaluation of programs designed to reduce drug use. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The framework used in the report also looks at the perception of providers and patients about OOP and informal payments, providing a summary of drivers categorized in medicine-related, system-related and patient-related factors. (who.int)
  • Rather than focusing solely on policing strategies, it is reasonable to incorporate social factors into crime prevention frameworks ( Brogden and Nijhar 2005 ). (mdpi.com)
  • Although not everyone in the informal economy is poor, a significant proportion of the poor are in the informal economy, and, because they are poor, the occupational risks are compounded by such factors such as precarious housing, low quality nutrition, a lack of access to drinking waters and sanitary facilities, and a lack of basic health services. (ilo.org)
  • experiment
  • Because this vast social experiment is going on, the question of what our society is willing to pay for the regularization of the use of any intoxicant must be raised and answered. (druglibrary.org)
  • researchers
  • Controlling for family background and social class, the researchers found that as neighborhoods more closely approximated this model, students' early school achievement was enhanced. (ascd.org)
  • implementation
  • There is concern that out-of-pocket (OOP) payments and the presence of informal payments may hinder the implementation of this reform and achievement of the ultimate goal of expanding universal health coverage in the Republic of Moldova. (who.int)
  • societies
  • The term will be briefly explained and the importance of social policy for modern societies will be outlined. (ivoryresearch.com)
  • This can be observed in societies such as ancient Athens where people employed by the state were responsible of cleaning the Amphitheatres and the Market Place and in Byzantium where the state's social policy provided the people with a police corps which patrolled the streets of Constantinople at night in order to ensure the safety of the citizens or the night travellers. (ivoryresearch.com)
  • The establishment of social policies is what has helped societies survive through a turbulence of problematic issues (sometimes inner issues and sometimes outer ones) until today. (ivoryresearch.com)
  • Empirical
  • Selected topics in the empirical study of how people's character and life chances are affected by society's organization and how social arrangements continue or are changed. (fisk.edu)
  • conceptual
  • Some communities fit a conceptual model in which social accessibility and common outlook provided a supportive social order. (ascd.org)
  • Articles were assessed on the social relational factor(s) addressed, social ecological level(s) targeted, the intervention's theoretical approach, and the conceptual placement of the social relational component in the intervention. (hindawi.com)
  • behaviour
  • key informant interviews, focus groups with providers and patients, analysis of quantitative data on salaries and household care seeking behaviour and expenditures, and feedback collected at a policy workshop with relevant stakeholders. (who.int)
  • institutional
  • Because society and therefore government reflect this personal ambivalence, they have refused to invest the time and thought that are needed to formulate coherent personal and institutional policies about such substances. (druglibrary.org)
  • community
  • Even in the ancient days people living in communities were forming social rules which established general regulations for the well-being of the community. (ivoryresearch.com)
  • Social workers also happen to be occupied in community health agencies. (ivoryresearch.com)
  • On the one hand, it is found that family background, personal differences and social bond to family, school and community have strong effects on status achievement in early adulthood. (illinois.edu)
  • As the editors suggest, deportation remains a means of enforcing a normative order ('a community of values'), while the authors and editors of this book have expanded the subject-matter to include the deportees' perspectives and the effects of deportation on families, other potential victims and on those whose social inclusion has been affirmed by the exclusion of others. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Social cohesion describes the trust, respect, and participation within a community and has been conceptualized as a social-structural, cultural condition that impacts health through community integration [ 12 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Collective efficacy has been proposed as a constraint on unhealthy behaviors [ 13 ] and a means through which a community is able to operate as a unit to procure social trust, security, and resources within society at large [ 14 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • populations
  • As such, extending social protection to rural populations has great potential for fostering rural women's economic empowerment. (eldis.org)
  • Culture
  • A sustained effort is being made by at least parts of the culture to 'find out' about various intoxicants and to see whether they can be used in a controlled and reasonable manner, despite the public wish that the use of such substances will go away. (druglibrary.org)
  • SOC 2300 Introduction to Gender Studies (3 semester hours) An introduction to the way gender shapes individuals, social institutions and culture. (utdallas.edu)
  • neighborhood
  • The 5th graders' academic performance correlated negatively with neighborhood risk even after controlling for demographic indicators of family risk, such as family income and employment status. (ascd.org)
  • cultural
  • The study of the social forces and cultural traditions shaping different kinds of family relations and emotional qualities of family life. (fisk.edu)
  • Relations of particular social movements to long-term cultural changes. (fisk.edu)
  • It debates and analyses the political economy and power dynamics at play, through the multiple lenses of social, cultural, economic, environmental and political drivers. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • means
  • The CSA was an attempt to coalesce various parts and piecemeal drug policies that already existed into a centralized and clear definition of tiers called schedules to better control both legal and illegal distribution means for various substances. (blogspot.com)
  • theory
  • Based on this reasoning, we bring the theory of social disorganization into this discussion. (mdpi.com)
  • SOC 3303 Social Theory (3 semester hours) Survey of the main currents of social theory as developed by European and American theorists and applied in contemporary social thought. (utdallas.edu)
  • mainly
  • It was determined that social networks exist, and farmers rely mainly on fellow farmers to access bean seed. (cgiar.org)
  • intervention
  • Articles were included if they described an obesity intervention with the social relational component central. (hindawi.com)
  • and (4) the social relational component tended to be conceptually ancillary to the intervention. (hindawi.com)
  • family
  • Their 'family policy,' implemented over the next forty years, virtually destroyed the autonomous family in Sweden, substituting a 'client society' where citizens are clients of public employees. (fatherhoodcoalition.org)
  • drug
  • Nevertheless, the general lack of understanding of those who use intoxicants, particularly the illicit variety, has led to public disapproval and moral outrage and to a desire to prohibit drug use rather than find out how to bring it under control. (druglibrary.org)
  • Cannabis, a term that includes both marijuana and hash, was classified as a Schedule I drug in 1970 by the Federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) based on opinions that it was deemed to have a high potential for abuse and no legitimate medical uses. (blogspot.com)
  • Drug policies have been in place for years - especially the past ten years - that have simply not worked. (canadianharmreduction.com)
  • Dessy Pavlova is Vice Chair, Board of Directors Canadian Students for Sensible Drug Policy and one of the writers of the Youth Speak Roundtable recommendations submitted to the government. (canadianharmreduction.com)