Loading...
  • Genomics
  • Do genetic associations identified in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of age at menarche (AM) and age at natural menopause (ANM) replicate in women of diverse race/ancestry from the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) Study? (nih.gov)
  • whites
  • The population is descended from three racial groups--Indians, blacks, and whites--that have mingled throughout the nearly 500 years of the country's history. (country-studies.com)
  • No official figures were available, but according to rough estimates in the late 1980s, mestizos (white-Indian mix) constituted approximately 50 percent of the population, whites 25 percent, mulattoes (black-white mix) and zambos (black-Indian mix) 20 percent, blacks 4 percent, and Indians 1 percent. (country-studies.com)
  • As the character and value system of the nation were formed, notions of color, class, and culture merged to elevate whites, subjugate blacks and Indians, and allow upward mobility for mulattoes and mestizos who dissociated themselves from the heritage of their nonwhite ancestors in favor of becoming 'Spanish. (country-studies.com)
  • Although Indians and blacks outnumbered whites and people of mixed blood in certain regions, they remained minorities without shared identity or cohesion on the national level. (country-studies.com)
  • Spaniards
  • Thus, some thinkers categorized humans into only four distinct races (typically white or Caucasian, black or African, yellow or Asian, and red or Native American), and downplayed any biological or phenotypical distinctions within racial groups (such as those between Scandavians and Spaniards within the white or Caucasian race). (stanford.edu)
  • Mexico's heritage includes explorers and conquerors who were native Indians, Spaniards and others of inconclusive ancestry. (angelfire.com)
  • Nevertheless, these pillagers continued an Indian way of life, alien to the non-hedonistic cultures of the Anglos that arrived with the European boats that brought Spaniards and other Catholic heritage cultures and races. (angelfire.com)
  • 2000
  • As testament to their popularity, the Tortilla Industry Association estimates that Americans consumed approximately 85 billion tortillas in 2000. (amren.com)
  • Americas
  • In this course students will be introduced to some of the major sociological and historical factors that have given rise to multiracial cultural identities in American Indian communities throughout the Americas and the Caribbean with a specific focus on Black-Indians within American Indian and African American Studies. (mixedracestudies.org)
  • For Paleo-Indian lineages associated with the first peopling of the Americas, see Settlement of the Americas ยง Genomic age estimates . (wikipedia.org)
  • cultural influences
  • Its story illustrates the complex interplay of biological and cultural influences that defines and distinguishes our species. (utne.com)
  • Cultural influences, patterns of alcohol consumption, nutrition, and differing rates of alcohol metabolism or other innate physiological differences may account for the varying FAS rates among Indian communities (13). (dui.com)
  • indigenous
  • This is a list of notable Native Americans from peoples indigenous to the contemporary United States, including Native Alaskans , Native Hawaiians , and Native Americans in the United States . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Website of the Oneida Indian Nation in the State of New York was, reputedly, the first site to be launched by any indigenous body anywhere, coming online in 1994 even before the Website for the White House, at a time when there were perhaps only 5,000 Internet sites in total (Polly 1998). (udg.mx)
  • Journalism that serves Native Americans is a promising channel for heath communication, but only if scholars first understand the particular cultural contexts of indigenous communities. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • tribal
  • There is talk in Indian country about how DNA can decide tribal enrollment and prove American Indian ancestry. (manataka.org)
  • But what is 'Native American DNA' and is it relevant to tribal enrollment? (manataka.org)
  • Unlike the Mohawk, the Ojibwe are patrilineal, tracing their tribal identity through their fathers, so it seems likely that George would have thought of himself as African-American rather than Ojibwe. (teachinghistory.org)
  • Louise Erdrich talks about how she self-identifies, and her grandfather's influence on whether or not she belonged in the tribal nation. (pbs.org)
  • In this comprehensive history of American Indian education in the United States from colonial times to the present, historians and educators Jon Reyhner and Jeanne Eder explore the broad spectrum of Native experiences in missionary, government, and tribal boarding and day schools. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Your author has met many people proudly calling themselves Mexicans who are not Spanish, as commonly thought, but are instead, proud Indians of Mayan or other tribal heritage who originated in Asia, tens of thousands of years ago (similar to the Indians who settled in the United States), came across Alaska and, after walking down through pre-Anglo United States, settled within Mexico before other explorers arrived by boat. (angelfire.com)
  • biological
  • Many Indian people are also concerned about loss of privacy and control if outsiders hold biological samples. (manataka.org)
  • Embedded in those swaths of DNA were genes known to influence a variety of biological substances including thyroid hormone, insulin, and growth hormone. (philly.com)
  • An attribute shaped by biological forces, skin color has come to influence our social interactions and societies in profound and complex ways. (utne.com)
  • population
  • This paper attempts a difficult task: quantifying the relative influence of Yayoi agriculturalists and Jomon hunter gatherers on the population of Japan. (blogspot.com)
  • They are probably much more recent arrivals in which case the connection is with a minority of the current Indian population. (blogspot.com)
  • The last major population movement into Northwestern Europe involved the arrival of a population element from the northern parts of the Near East via the Caucasus, probably originating in the north Iran/Armenia/Azerbaijan/Dagestan "short arc" west and south of the Caspian where there is a local maximum of R1b frequency. (blogspot.com)
  • The idea of European-descended fair-haired Guanches has taken a hit, as the aboriginal population looks largely like North African Berbers in terms of their Y-chromosomes. (blogspot.com)
  • The large mestizo population was predominantly a peasant group, concentrated in the highlands where the Spanish conquerors had mixed with the women of Indian chiefdoms. (country-studies.com)
  • Mortality rates for crashes and alcoholism are 5.5 and 3.8 times higher, respectively, among American Indians than among the general population. (dui.com)
  • The native population of Taino Indians was decimated during the Spanish Conquest, which began in 1492 and came to be characterized by forced labor and newly introduced diseases. (encyclopedia.com)
  • African Americans are the largest racial minority, amounting to 13.3% of the population. (wikipedia.org)
  • White Americans are the majority in every region except Hawaii , but contribute the highest proportion of the population in the Midwestern United States , at 85% per the Population Estimates Program (PEP), or 83% per the American Community Survey (ACS). (wikipedia.org)
  • 55% of the African American population lives in the South. (wikipedia.org)
  • spoken
  • Moreover, this imperial history left an enduring mark of their influence in their languages, which are spoken throughout Central (including the Caribbean), South and North America (Mexico and many parts of the United States). (wikipedia.org)
  • ancestral
  • Louise Erdrich on why ancestral history is central to the existence of Native Americans, and why protecting that valuable history is so important. (pbs.org)
  • It is also different from the case of Indians , where the Ancestral South Indians have also been largely absorbed but their distant relatives in the Andaman Islands still exist. (blogspot.com)
  • 2018) have identified a basal Ancestral Native American (ANA) lineage. (wikipedia.org)
  • This suggests that the Mal'ta boy was not ancestral to Native Americans (since Native Americans don't possess Y-haplogroup R and mt-haplogroup U), although obviously is in some way related to them based on the autosomal evidence. (blogspot.com)
  • laborers
  • Chinese , Indian , Lebanese, Filipino and Japanese immigration and indentured laborers who arrived from the coolie trade influenced the culture of Brazil, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Panama and Peru in areas such as food, art, and cultural trade. (wikipedia.org)
  • variants
  • Previous research has sought to pinpoint this genetic influence to variants in genes related to dopamine signaling, that are known to lower baseline dopamine levels (hypodopaminergic function). (alliedacademies.org)
  • blacks
  • Patterns of colonial settlement were reinforced throughout later periods, leaving frontier areas-- usually less hospitable land--open for settlement by nonwhites-- especially blacks, mulattoes, and retreating Indian tribes. (country-studies.com)
  • tribes
  • There's also no shortage of dissenters ready to lynch you for daring to make such claims - I call dissenters belonging to Amerindian tribes members of the collective Ku Klux clan and non-Amerindian ones the Radical Anti-Indian Terrorists . (rootsandrecombinantdna.com)
  • Although highly variable among tribes, alcohol abuse is a factor in five leading causes of death for American Indians, including motor vehicle crashes, alcoholism, cirrhosis, suicide, and homicide. (dui.com)
  • 1940s
  • Louise Erdrich discusses her grandfather's role in the fight against the American government's policy of Indian termination from the 1940s to the 1960s. (pbs.org)
  • Irish
  • Blavatsky died on May 8 of 1891 in England and was succeeded by Anni Wood Besant who was born in London of Irish ancestry in 1847. (ewtn.com)
  • genes
  • Assuming, for the sake of argument, that the 'average' white person in the United States had five percent black genes (more on this assumption later) only a few would actually be the exact 'average' of five percent or one-twentieth black ancestry. (racialcompact.com)
  • Traditional candidate-gene studies have sought to pinpoint the genetic influence in substance use at dopamine-related genes. (alliedacademies.org)
  • African
  • History is always about solving puzzles and mysteries, and I have looked closely at the clues your question provides: African ancestry, slave status, literacy, sympathy with the Continental Army during the Revolution, and connections to a Native American community. (teachinghistory.org)
  • One such person is Joseph Louis Cook, the son of an African-American father and an Abenaki mother who had both been taken captive by the Iroquois. (teachinghistory.org)
  • at least one of their children, George, also worked in the fur trade and is known as the first African-American born in Minnesota. (teachinghistory.org)
  • Whereas the men mentioned above were probably born free, Attucks was likely born a slave and that status may have influenced his identification as an African-American. (teachinghistory.org)
  • Certainly he is remembered as one of our African-American heros of the American Revolution, and his Native ancestry is underemphasized. (teachinghistory.org)
  • Homer Plessy , (of one-eighth African ancestry) was by all appearances "visibly white" and in fact had to announce his appearance on the railroad car in which he was traveling. (mixedracestudies.org)
  • Anita Hemmings was Vassar's first black graduate - more than 40 years before the college opened its doors to African Americans. (mixedracestudies.org)
  • African genealogists like Cor Pama to map the Afrikaans ancestry. (racialcompact.com)
  • The latter (16.7%) is important because it really demonstrates that North African J1 (M267) is mostly pre-Arabic. (blogspot.com)
  • High levels of heterogeneous ancestry (i.e. multiple cluster assignments) were observed in nearly all African individuals, with the exception of western and central African Niger-Kordofanian speakers (medium orange), who are relatively homogeneous at large K values (Fig. 5C and fig. S13). (blogspot.com)
  • My client is Cherokee and African-American. (rootsandrecombinantdna.com)
  • nation's
  • In 2017, Pacific Symphony's American Composers Festival paid tribute to our nation's historic immigrant experience in the Grammy-nominated work by Peter Boyer, "Ellis Island: The Dream of America. (pacificsymphony.org)
  • social
  • Students will explore the ways that mainstream society comes to understand American Indians and their location within the social, legal, political, and economic sphere of race relations in the West. (mixedracestudies.org)