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  • pharynx
  • The esophagus (American English) or oesophagus (British English) (/ɪˈsɒfəɡəs/), commonly known as the food pipe or gullet, is an organ in vertebrates through which food passes, aided by peristaltic contractions, from the pharynx to the stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancers
  • Extra fat in your liver also turns on your immunity to cause inflammation, which is associated with increased risk for many cancers ( Cell , 2010;140(6):883-899). (drmirkin.com)
  • According to Truven Health data, U.S. physicians performed more than 8.6 million upper endoscopy procedures in 2012 in an effort to detect, prevent or treat Barrett's esophagus, cancers, lesions and other disorders in the upper digestive tract. (olympusamerica.com)
  • thoracic
  • The condition is named after the Australian-born British thoracic surgeon Norman Barrett (1903-1979), who described it in 1950. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, the esophagus generally starts around the level of the sixth cervical vertebra behind the cricoid cartilage of the trachea, enters the diaphragm at about the level of the tenth thoracic vertebra, and ends at the cardia of the stomach, at the level of the eleventh thoracic vertebra. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lower esophagus lies behind the heart and curves in front of the thoracic aorta. (wikipedia.org)
  • The thoracic duct, which drains the majority of the body's lymph, passes behind the esophagus, curving from lying behind the esophagus on the right in the lower part of the esophagus, to lying behind the esophagus on the left in the upper esophagus. (wikipedia.org)
  • infections
  • In immunocompromised individuals, Candida infections in the esophagus occur more frequently than in healthy individuals and have a higher potential of becoming systemic, causing a much more serious condition, a fungemia called candidemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancer
  • It also describes possible strategies for targeting inflammation as an approach to cancer prevention and control. (springer.com)
  • It provides important insight on the role of inflammation in cancer etiology and progression and serve as a platform for developing future research in this area. (springer.com)
  • The incidence of cancer of the esophagus has increased six-fold since the 1970s-the fastest increasing cancer in the Western world. (scienceblog.com)
  • mediastinum
  • Position The upper esophagus lies at the back of the mediastinum behind the trachea, adjoining along the tracheoesophageal stripe, and in front of the erector spinae muscles and the vertebral column. (wikipedia.org)