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  • Incidence
  • We are carrying out this study to describe household transmission of medically attended AGE, and explore whether there is an increased incidence in households with young children. (bmj.com)
  • A 25-year repeated cross-sectional study will explore the incidence of medically attended AGE overall and then a 5-year retrospective cohort study will describe household transmission of AGE. (bmj.com)
  • Maternal
  • Hypothesis: Maternal use of HAART containing Zidovudine, 3TC and Aluvia (Lopinavir/Ritonavir) can prevent antepartum, and intrapartum transmission of HIV, as well as allow exclusive and then subsequent complementary feeding to be carried out with minimum risk to the mother and infant. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This tree shape was consistent with the putative transmission events (Figure 2) where the infant population forms a distinct well-supported monophyletic cluster and is genetically less diverse than the maternal population. (nih.gov)
  • All but one infant's sequences are derived from a single branch of the maternal tree, suggesting a single variant being transmitted from the mother in 5 of the 6 transmission pairs. (nih.gov)
  • 2016
  • Ebola cases defined by the World Health Organization did not explicitly account for the sexual transmission and led to multiple recrudescent events in West Africa from 2015-2016, partly indeed caused by sexual transmission from survivors. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Following the largest Ebola virus disease outbreak from 2013 to 2016, viral RNA has been detected in survivors from semen and breast milk long after disease recovery. (bioportfolio.com)
  • A. Atangana and B. S. T. Alkahtani , Modeling the spread of Rubella disease using the concept of with local derivative with fractional parameter, Complexity , 21 (2016), 442-451. (aimsciences.org)
  • A. Atangana and R. T. Alqahtani, Modelling the spread of river blindness disease via the caputo fractional derivative and the beta-derivative, Entropy , 18 (2016), p40. (aimsciences.org)
  • mucosal
  • A successful HIV-1 vaccine must elicit immune responses that impede mucosal virus transmission, though functional roles of protective HIV-1 Envelope (Env)-specific mucosal antibodies remain unclear. (nih.gov)
  • This proposal is based on the finding that mucosal transmission of HIV-1, the most prevalent form, occurs across a selective bottleneck such that typically only a single (or a few) variants of the viral swarm present in a donor are passed to the recipient. (umassmed.edu)
  • likelihood
  • Rooted maximum-likelihood trees illustrating the epidemiologic linkage between sequences from mother (green) and infant (blue) subjects within each transmission pair.The nucleotide sequences of env V1-V5 region from each pair were aligned with two unrelated outgroup HIV-1 subtype C sequences obtained from the Los Alamos HIV Sequence Database. (nih.gov)
  • To examine the evolutionary relationship of mother and infant sequences, maximum likelihood trees for each transmission pair were reconstructed. (nih.gov)
  • intervention
  • Being from the rural residence, home delivery, not taking antiretroviral prophylaxis, the absence of PMTCT intervention, and mixed infant feeding practices increased the risk of HIV transmission. (springer.com)
  • Understanding the earliest events during HIV-1 transmission and characterizing the newly transmitted or founder virus is central to intervention efforts. (nih.gov)
  • mother to child tra
  • The burden of mother-to-child transmission rate of HIV is high and risk factors are common in Ethiopia. (springer.com)
  • This systematic review and meta-analysis intended to provide the pooled estimation of mother-to-child transmission rate and its risk factors in Ethiopia. (springer.com)
  • The estimated pooled prevalence of mother-to-child transmission of HIV was 11.4% (95% CI = 9.1-13.7). (springer.com)
  • This systematic review and meta-analysis showed that mother-to-child transmission rate of HIV was high in Ethiopia. (springer.com)
  • Mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 remains a significant problem in the resource-constrained settings where anti-retroviral therapy is still not widely available. (nih.gov)
  • Together, these findings provide further insight into viral variant selection during mother-to-child transmission. (umassmed.edu)
  • evidence
  • Despite the increasing evidence of human papillomavirus (HPV) vertical transmission, this route is regarded as less clinically important because of the detections of transient HPV DNA. (oup.com)
  • This new evidence of hematogeneous and vertical spread of HPV suggests that these modes of. (oup.com)
  • increases
  • We show that, under periodically fluctuating selection, a gene that increases the rate of vertical transmission is disfavored when the periods are short but approaches an intermediate stable rate for longer periods. (pnas.org)
  • Data
  • Like MC-CDMA, this scheme accomplishes spectral spreading by transmission of identical data over N carriers simultaneously. (k-state.edu)
  • clinical
  • In a clinical trial sponsored by the National Institute of Child Health in Hungary in collaboration with Merck, researchers indicated in 2014 they were going to test the original 4-valent Gardasil vaccine to treat recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP), a rare disease in children caused by HPV types 6 and 11, which also cause genital warts. (mercola.com)
  • Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice. (lww.com)
  • Methods
  • Identification of properties shared by mucosally transmitted viral variants may allow them to be selectively targeted, resulting in improved methods for preventing HIV-1 transmission. (umassmed.edu)