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  • dengue
  • Even though many NTDs such as dengue, leishmaniasis, and Chagas disease are typically not endemic to the U.S., the possibility of their emergence is noteworthy, especially in states like Texas with high levels of poverty, large immigrant populations, geographic proximity to endemic areas, and a climate amenable to the vectors for these diseases. (plos.org)
  • Centre
  • The Centre for Social Development (CSD) came into existence in the year 1985, when a group of young, energetic professionals came together to work towards bringing positive changes in the social conditions of Manipur. (cry.org)
  • The Centre for Social Development is working in the field of gender, HIV/AIDS prevention, drug de-addiction, rehabilitation and people based community development programs for last 20 years. (cry.org)
  • communicable
  • He explained that the antecedent to the SDGs, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), 3 were focused on time-limited, vertical programs targeting principal causes of illness and death in low-income countries, with particular focus on communicable diseases and on the major causes of death among women and children. (nap.edu)
  • Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are communicable diseases common in subtropical and tropical countries that cause a substantial disease burden due to high morbidity rates. (plos.org)
  • Prevention
  • During the opening session, two speakers set the stage by exploring current challenges and opportunities for the prevention and control of infectious diseases in an increasingly urban and interconnected world. (nap.edu)
  • Reducing administrative, infrastructure, and political barriers to cross-border public health collaboration will enhance the effectiveness of disease prevention projects such as BIDS. (cdc.gov)
  • antibiotics
  • Push methods - ways to get antibiotics or other forms of treatments to people's residences - are less common, yet may offer significant benefits in terms of social distancing, traffic control, and personal comfort during an emergency. (umn.edu)
  • symptoms
  • Success or failure, though, would depend on the characteristics of the flu strain itself, said Dr. Halloran -- how easily it jumps from person to person, how long it takes for an infected person to develop symptoms, and how much time it takes for an infected person to become infectious. (medpagetoday.com)
  • see box), and may remain infectious even after symptoms subside (virus persists in body fluids). (skylineenv.com)
  • behaviour
  • The outcomes of this review are contextualised within the psychological literature concerning health behaviour and behaviour change, resulting in a series of key recommendations for the incorporation of human behaviour in future infectious disease models. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The search strategy focused on terms relating to behaviour, infectious disease and mathematical modelling. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The selection criteria were developed iteratively to focus on original research articles that present an infectious disease model with human-human spread, in which individuals' self-protective health behaviour varied endogenously within the model. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Second, modellers interested in exploring the relationship between behaviour and disease spread should draw on social psychological literature to increase the complexity of the social world represented within infectious disease models. (beds.ac.uk)
  • health officials
  • Because health officials throughout Southeast Asia are on the lookout, early detection is probable, he said, but it's not clear that all countries would quickly report an outbreak. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The researchers recommended that public health officials treat the 20,000 people closest to an outbreak with Tamiflu. (medpagetoday.com)
  • explains
  • Springborn explains "This suggests that efforts to utilize social distancing to mitigate disease spread may have a limited window of efficacy, i.e. before pent up-demand for activities outside the home takes precedence. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Research
  • Alison Holmes, Prof of Infectious Diseases, Imperial College London told me: "This research is a good starting point but it begs the question, what next? (bbc.co.uk)
  • ImmuneRegen's current work with a broad ranging adjuvant is exciting, as adjuvant care is one of those tools that require enhanced studies and research to bring the promise of a chance for survival to the world's population, especially those most vulnerable to co-morbid diseases and suffering from malnutrition, as we so often see in developing countries," said Dr. Burkle. (marketwired.com)
  • We suggest research directions to understand the conditions under which larger groups become more subdivided, and to devise new metrics that account for subgrouping when investigating the links between sociality and infectious disease risk. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Research may be on zoonotic, environmentally-borne, vector-borne, or enteric diseases of either terrestrial or freshwater systems and organisms, including diseases of animals and plants, at any scale from specific pathogens to inclusive environmental systems. (nsf.gov)
  • responses
  • The study drew on the combined disciplinary strengths of epidemiology and economics to create a new model that incorporates behavioral responses into existing models of disease spread. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Behavioral responses clearly affect the course of the disease. (biomedcentral.com)
  • living organisms
  • Biological weapons are any man made weapon caused to disperse viruses, bacteria, or toxins derived from living organisms to cause death or disease within humans. (wikihow.com)
  • Control
  • The declaration highlighted the desperation of public officials to control the spread of a disease they have so far struggled to halt. (nytimes.com)
  • We need many more tools and techniques to help control future outbreaks. (marketwired.com)
  • Although raging infectious diseases seem a world away, the smart course is to bring the epidemic under control rather than seal borders. (milbank.org)
  • Bangladesh
  • Here, we used an outbreak of chikungunya in a rural community in Bangladesh as a case study to obtain a more comprehensive characterization of risk factors in disease spread. (pnas.org)
  • hygienic
  • Dr. Stephen P Luby, head of Programme for Infectious Disease and Vaccine Sciences Division (PIDVS), ICDDR,B, underscored the need for individuals be mindful of simple hygienic practices. (brac.net)
  • species
  • To investigate this 'social bottleneck' hypothesis, we examined the association between group size and four network structure metrics in 43 vertebrate and invertebrate species. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • In a meta-analysis of intraspecific variation in social networks, modularity showed positive associations with network size, with a weaker but still positive effect in cross-species analyses. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • The virus causing the 2014 West African outbreak belongs to the Zaire species. (skylineenv.com)
  • people
  • Introduction: Although more than one billion people live at risk of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in areas of Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America, the degree to which they burden countries like the U.S. is unclear. (plos.org)
  • Such moves would recognize that poor people and immigrants often have higher risks of infectious diseases, are part of the community, and deserve equal access to health services. (milbank.org)
  • risk
  • Increased risk of infectious disease is assumed to be a major cost of group living, yet empirical evidence for this effect is mixed. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Whether an individual becomes infected in an infectious disease outbreak depends on many interconnected risk factors, which may relate to characteristics of the individual (e.g., age, sex), his or her close relatives (e.g., household members), or the wider community. (pnas.org)
  • Both cognitive constructs (e.g., perceived risk) and, to a lesser extent, social constructs (e.g., social norms) were identified in the included papers. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Response
  • The swine flu outbreak that hit Mexico City in April 2009 could have been worse, but spread of the virus was reduced by people's behavioral response of distancing themselves from each other," says University of California at Davis economist Michael Springborn, lead author of the study. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We found that the behavioral response to the outbreak was initially strong but waned sooner than expected," says Springborn. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These differences between demographic groups could have public health policy implications for directing outbreak response assistance to those with lower financial means or increasing access to paid sick-leave for low-wage workers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • If health workers face inordinate risks in the workplace, they also are more likely to stay away from their posts, undermining the disease response. (milbank.org)
  • Because of the contagious nature of the disease and the delayed public-health response, the epidemic spread rapidly around the globe. (medicinenet.com)
  • countries
  • One of the study's authors, Dr Gillian SteelFisher said: "The wide variations between countries in our study shows that in the event of another serious outbreak of infectious disease, public perceptions have to be taken into account to best tailor and communicate policy approaches that need public support in each country. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Dr. Burkle is internationally recognized as an expert in infectious diseases in developing countries, management of humanitarian emergencies and disaster medicine, and for his work as a physician, professor and author. (marketwired.com)