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  • onset
  • The 14-month-old child with confirmed measles had onset of rash on June 10th and was likely infectious while traveling from China to the United States on the following flights: China Southern Airlines flight #CZ327 arriving in Los Angeles (LAX) from Guangzhou, China, on June 8, 2004, and Southwest Airlines flight #1979 from Los Angeles (LAX) to Kansas City, Missouri, on June 9, 2004. (immunize.org)
  • World Health Organ
  • According to the World Health Organization, infectious diseases, predominantly led by lower respiratory infections, are the fourth-leading cause of death around the globe. (fool.com)
  • By the 1960s most of these diseases could be controlled without such severe restrictions, and in 1969 the World Health Organization issued international health regulations for just four designated quarantinable diseases: cholera, plague, yellow fever , and smallpox. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Dynamics
  • This report examines the influence of environmental factors on infectious disease dynamics. (e-booksdirectory.com)
  • The history, transmission dynamics, virology, and clinical manifestations of ZIKV disease are discussed, along with the possibility for diagnostic confusion between ZIKV illness and dengue.The emergence of ZIKV outside of its previously known geographic range should prompt awareness of the potential for ZIKV to spread to other Pacific islands and the Americas. (cdc.gov)
  • AIDS
  • The so-called human immunodeficiency virus, HIV, is only an 'externalization', to absolve the AIDS patient of responsibility for his/her disease. (evolutionfairytale.com)
  • The practice of universal precautions is a modified form of quarantine in which patients with a contagious disease (such as HIV/AIDS [ acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ]) are barrier nursed and otherwise cared for so as to minimize the risk of HIV transmission. (encyclopedia.com)
  • 2016
  • South America, Central America, and Caribbean countries and regions reporting laboratory-confirmed autochthonous Zika virus disease cases during January 1, 2015-February 10, 2016 ( Technical Appendix Table 2). (cdc.gov)
  • Typhoid
  • Until recently, patients with such diseases as typhoid, paralytic poliomyelitis, and meningococcal meningitis were strictly isolated and every effort was made to preserve a cordon sanitaire around them. (encyclopedia.com)
  • infections
  • This might include measures to avoid consuming potentially contaminated water or food, medication to reduce the risk of acquiring infections or vaccination against serious disease. (health.gov.au)
  • In 2012 some 3.1 million people died of lower respiratory infections, trailing only COPD, stroke, and cardiovascular disease as the leading causes of death. (fool.com)
  • This guideline aims to enhance patient care by optimizing the diagnosis and treatment of infections due to creeping disease (cutaneous larva migrans) and to raise awareness among doctors of current treatment options. (egms.de)
  • These guidelines aim to enhance patient care by optimizing the diagnosis and treatment of infections due to creeping disease (cutaneous larva migrans) and to raise awareness among doctors of current treatment options. (egms.de)
  • practice
  • Tighter integration of infectious disease models with public health practice and development of resources at the ready has the potential to increase the timeliness and quality of responses. (sciencemag.org)
  • Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice. (lww.com)
  • The rise of the practice, however, suggests that there was some understanding of the concept of contagion even if there was no empirical knowledge of infective periods and incubation times of the plagues that afflicted medieval Europe . (encyclopedia.com)
  • time
  • Although the generation time of an infectious disease plays a key role in estimating its transmission potential, the impact of the sampling time of generation times on the estimation procedure has yet to be clarified. (aimsciences.org)
  • By means of analytical and numerical approaches, it is shown that the period generation time increases with calendar time, whereas the cohort generation time decreases as the incidence increases. (aimsciences.org)
  • Other historical data of a primary pneumonic plague in Manchuria in 1911 were also examined to help illustrate the empirical evidence of the period generation time. (aimsciences.org)
  • An appropriate quantification of the transmission potential requires the estimation of the cohort generation time during the initial growth phase of an epidemic or adjustment of the time-effect (e.g., adjustment of the growth rate of the epidemic during the sampling time) on the period generation time. (aimsciences.org)
  • latent period The short time that elapses between the reception of a stimulus and the start of the response in an irritable tissue. (encyclopedia.com)
  • For a contracting muscle the latent period lasts about 0.02 seconds, during which time calcium ions are released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum . (encyclopedia.com)
  • If the exposed individual is not infectious during this incubation period (e.g., not shedding virus), it is important to model the incubation time explicitly. (eclipse.org)
  • Note that there is a difference between an incubation time and a period of latency. (eclipse.org)
  • It is important to model the exposed (E) state explicitly when there is a delay between the time at which an individual is infected and the time at which that individual becomes infectious. (eclipse.org)
  • Your immunity to some diseases may have changed or diminished with time. (health.gov.au)
  • The latency period (meaning the time it takes for the disease to develop) is often 10-20 years. (makedifferences.org)
  • 2 a detailed examination or investigation for the accurate collection of data to record changes in the character of a population as at a particular time or, in a prospective or longitudinal surveillance, over a period. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A Kaplan-Meier curve was used to describe time to development of aspergillosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients for II-IV stages of the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) classification. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Few infectious diseases have an incubation time or infective period greater than forty days. (encyclopedia.com)
  • fever
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a rickettsial disease. (merckmanuals.com)
  • We report the first three documented cases of murine typhus imported into Europe from Indonesia, discuss clues for the diagnosis of the disease, and urge that murine fever be considered in the diagnosis of febrile disease in travelers. (cdc.gov)
  • Methods
  • Although there have been substantial advances in our ability to assess disease threats-ranging from increased statistical rigor enabled by powerful computers to entirely new methods of inference driven by analyses of pathogen genetics ( 3 , 4 )-the underlying core principles remain the same. (sciencemag.org)
  • variations
  • The menstrual cycle and seasonal variations in the concentrations of some endogenous substances are examples of cycles with a long period. (tomhsiung.com)
  • Childhood
  • Immunisations which are now routine in childhood in Australia should also be considered if travelling to areas where these diseases remain common. (health.gov.au)
  • genetics
  • The reasons why people differ in their responsiveness to a given dose of a drug are manifold and include genetics, disease, age, gender, body weight, drugs given concomitantly, and various behavioral and environmental factors . (tomhsiung.com)
  • long
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), also known as acid reflux, is a long-term condition where stomach contents come back up into the esophagus resulting in either. (franciscocespedes.org)