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  • Chronic
  • These genome analyses identify gene families that are important to our understanding of how dermatophytes cause chronic infections, how they interact with epithelial cells, and how they respond to the host immune response. (asm.org)
  • Numerous host microRNAs (miRNAs) are probably involved in HCV entry, the formation of viral infection, and the multi step development of chronic Hepatitis C infection. (thritajournal.com)
  • The hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is one of the most important causes of chronic liver diseases, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma not only in Iran ( 1 - 3 ), but also in over 150 million people throughout the world. (thritajournal.com)
  • recurrent infection
  • For infections related to implantable electrophysiologic devices, complete device removal and antimicrobial therapy allow timely, successful reimplantation at a remote anatomic site without substantial risk for operative mortality or recurrent infection. (annals.org)
  • Additionally, 40-50% of women will experience one or more UTIs in their lifetime, and 10-15% of these women will experience recurrent infection ( 4 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • bacteria during in
  • An insertion in hre20 , now designated rscR , resulted in increased splenic dissemination of bacteria during infection in a BALB/c mouse model. (asm.org)
  • A strain containing a deletion mutant of rscA , the hmwA homologue, exhibits increased splenic dissemination of bacteria during infection in a BALB/c mouse model, similar to the rscR mutant. (asm.org)
  • genes
  • Despite differences in mating ability, genes involved in mating and meiosis are conserved across species, suggesting the possibility of cryptic mating in species where it has not been previously detected. (asm.org)
  • Animals and plants respond to bacterial infections and environmental stresses by inducing overlapping repertoires of defense genes. (uniprot.org)
  • In gram-positive bacteria, proteins, and genes involved in heme or hemoglobin utilization have been described only in Corynebacterium species ( 11 , 53 ) and Streptococcus pneumoniae ( 4 , 64 , 65 ). (asm.org)
  • The aims of the study were to compile a catalog of human genes involved in response to TBEV infection and to rank genes from the catalog based on the number of neighbors in the network of pairwise interactions involving these genes and TBEV RNA or proteins. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Based on manual review and curation of scientific publications a catalog comprising 140 human genes involved in response to TBEV infection was developed. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A database comprising 140 human genes involved in response to TBEV infection was compiled and the TBEVHostDB web resource, providing access to all genes was created. (biomedcentral.com)
  • innate immune r
  • We also found that TRIL is a modulator of the innate immune response to LPS challenge and Escherichia coli infection in vivo. (jimmunol.org)
  • With regard to the innate immune response to infection, IL-17A acts by indirectly enhancing neutrophil migration to infected tissue. (jimmunol.org)
  • 2017
  • By searching in PubMed as well as Scopus, and using medical subject headings (MeSH) "hepatitis C" and "microRNA", on 11/1/2017 we found 378 papers, of which 51 papers were selected for further review so that they studied roles of different miRNAs, which were involved in HCV infection from pathogenesis to experimental designs. (thritajournal.com)
  • colonization
  • In the multivariate analysis, stay in a room with a colonized sink (Odds Ratio[OR] 11.2, p = 0.007) and hemofiltration (OR 21.9, p = 0.020) were independently associated with an elevated risk for colonization or infection by the outbreak strain. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • cells
  • Specifically, transcripts for cytokines involved in granulopoiesis and chemotaxis in cells treated with IL-17A exhibit enhanced mRNA stability ( 39 - 42 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), as the main extrahepatic reservoir of HCV infection, play an important role in HCV progression. (thritajournal.com)
  • Wound healing is a localized event involving the reaction of cells to the damage sustained. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • The fungus is already present in humans in small amounts, and infection occurs when the fungus grows out of control, often in response to a hormonal imbalance. (encyclopedia.com)
  • immune
  • Collectively, these data uncover TRIL as a mediator of innate immune responses within the brain, where it enhances neuronal cytokine responses to infection. (jimmunol.org)
  • The resulting polypeptide, PA-X, selectively degrades host mRNAs and, in a mouse model of infection, modulated cellular immune responses, thus limiting viral pathogenesis. (sciencemag.org)
  • such infections are opportunistic insofar as the infectious agents take advantage of their hosts' compromised immune systems and invade to cause disease. (encyclopedia.com)
  • cytokine
  • This clearance defect is likely a result of deficient cytokine and chemokine transcripts and impaired macrophage and neutrophil influx during infection. (jimmunol.org)
  • adults
  • Anaerobic BLPB can be isolated from a variety of infections in adults and children, sometimes as the only isolates and sometimes mixed with other flora (Table 3). (americorpshealth.biz)
  • mechanisms
  • Based on this finding, potential mechanisms for participation of CCR5 , IL10 , ARID1B , and IFNL3 in the host response to TBEV infection were suggested. (biomedcentral.com)
  • skin
  • It usually appears as a skin infection, but can progress rapidly to a bloodstream infection or a serious illness called necrotizing pneumonia, in which healthy lung tissue is destroyed. (bioedonline.org)