• Clinical information was correlated with blood cytokine levels on postnatal day 1 (D1), D3, D7, D14, and D21.Results:Male gender, non-Caucasian/non-African American ethnicity, sepsis, lower blood TGF-beta and interleukin (IL)-2 levels, and higher IL-8 levels were associated with NEC. (rti.org)
  • Tara R Allen and Orlando P da Silva, "Choice of Antibiotics in Late Neonatal Sepsis in the Extremely Low Birth Weight Infant," Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases , vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 28-31, 2003. (hindawi.com)
  • Overall 21 of 71 infants with sepsis (29.6%) died. (hindawi.com)
  • Finally, provincial public expenditures on health and education are correlated with the incidence of low birth weight and school enrollment for teenagers, with worsening results associated with GDP declines. (repec.org)
  • The risk of SIP was compared between groups of infants with and without exposure to prophylactic indomethacin and early feeding in unadjusted analyses and in analyses adjusted for center and for risks of SIP. (aappublications.org)
  • Among infants exposed to prophylactic indomethacin, the risk of SIP did not differ between the indomethacin/early-feeding group compared with the indomethacin/no-early-feeding group (adjusted relative risk [RR] 0.74, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.49-1.11). (aappublications.org)
  • The risk of SIP was lower in the indomethacin/early-feeding group compared with the no indomethacin/no-early-feeding group (adjusted RR 0.58, 95% CI 0.37-0.90, P = .0159). (aappublications.org)
  • Among infants not exposed to indomethacin, early feeding was associated with a lower risk of SIP compared with the no early feeding group (adjusted RR 0.53, 95% CI 0.36-0.777, P = .0011). (aappublications.org)
  • The combination of prophylactic indomethacin and enteral feeding during the first 3 days after birth does not increase the risk of spontaneous intestinal perforation. (aappublications.org)
  • 1 , 2 , 3 However, administration of indomethacin soon after birth in preterm infants may be associated with an increased risk for spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) 4 - 8 or necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) with intestinal perforation. (aappublications.org)
  • The diagnosis of NEC was associated with elevated IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1/CC-motif ligand-2, macrophage inflammatory protein-1beta/CC-motif ligand-3, and C-reactive protein.Conclusion:Clinical characteristics, such as gender and ethnicity, and low blood TGF-beta levels are associated with higher risk of NEC. (rti.org)
  • Conclusion Variation in birth weight may be determined, at least in part, by fetal growth in the first 12 weeks after conception through effects on timing of delivery and fetal growth velocity. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusion: Single skin cleansing with 0.25% chlorhexidine did not adversely affect skin condition or temperature in hospitalized preterm infants and reduced axillary-skin colonization at 24 h after the intervention. (ivteam.com)
  • One study comparing high dose and low dose iron supplementation monitored neurodevelopmental outcome for one year, without finding any significant difference between the groups. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Prophylactic phototherapy helps to maintain a lower serum bilirubin concentration and may have an effect on the rate of exchange transfusion and the risk of neurodevelopmental impairment. (cochrane.org)
  • We present a clinical case of a premature birth from a mother of 33+5 weeks gestation where the newborn was admitted to the neonatal unit due to her low weight, chest retraction and prematurity, despi. (bioportfolio.com)
  • PaCO2 was significantly higher at admission to the neonatal unit in ELBWIs with CPAP in 1996 (54 +/- 15 mm Hg, 7.2 +/- 2.0 kPa) compared with infants with EI/MV in 1994 (38 +/- 11 mm Hg, 5.1 +/- 1. (omicsonline.org)
  • Effective steps are required to avoid extreme prematurity, encourage antenatal care, and provide antenatal steroids when preterm birth is anticipated. (scielo.org.za)
  • Transport of immunoglobulin (substance in the blood that can fight infection) from the mother to the fetus mainly occurs after 32 weeks' gestation, and infants do not begin to produce immunoglobulin until several months after birth. (cochrane.org)
  • Results For each one day increase in the observed size of the fetus, birth weight increased by 28.2 (95% confidence interval 14.6 to 41.2) g. (bmj.com)
  • The infants in this study had back-up mechanical ventilation provided for failed NCPAP. (scielo.org.za)
  • no confidence interval is shown if the hospital cared for less than 5 eligible infants. (nih.gov)
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether use of the disinfectant chlorhexidine administered to the birth canal during labour and newborn at delivery can protect a woman and her bab. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Objective: To examine if single skin cleansing with 0.25% chlorhexidine affects skin condition, temperature and bacterial colonization in stable preterm (28-36 weeks gestational age) low birth weight (1001-2000 g) infants admitted in a health facility. (ivteam.com)
  • Infants in the first two groups were wiped once with baby wipes containing either 0.25% chlorhexidine or saline. (ivteam.com)
  • SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-randomised trials that compared enteral iron supplementation with no iron supplementation, or different regimens of enteral iron supplementation in preterm or low birth weight infants or both. (biomedsearch.com)
  • AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The available data suggest that infants who receive iron supplementation have a slightly higher haemoglobin level, improved iron stores and a lower risk of developing iron deficiency anaemia when compared with those who are unsupplemented. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Ninety-three percent of the LBW infants were fed breast milk at discharge and 36% at 6 months, compared to 97% and 75%, respectively, of the county population. (diva-portal.org)
  • Infants will be randomized to receive donor breast milk or formula during their hospital stay. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This study aimed to establish the determinants of survival in this weight category of neonates, who, owing to limited intensive care facilities, were not mechanically ventilated. (scielo.org.za)
  • The aims of this study were to review the survival of these infants and to evaluate factors determining their survival. (scielo.org.za)
  • Study design: Surviving infants were evaluated at 18 to 22 months' corrected age with a neurologic examination and the Bayley II Mental and Psychomotor Developmental Index (MDI and PDI). (rti.org)
  • A total of 144 preterm infants (75 male and 69 female) were involved in this study. (alliedacademies.org)
  • A frequency of 35% was reported in a descriptive Brazilian study with preterm infants 4 . (scielo.br)
  • We speculate that an individualized intubation strategy of the ELBWI is superior to immediate intubation of all ELBWIs with slight signs of respiratory distress after birth. (omicsonline.org)
  • meanwhile, based on the different nutritional strategy, the infants were classified into group of aggressive nutritional and non- aggressive nutritional strategy. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Data are analyzed to find associations and trends between baseline information, treatments, and infant outcome, and to develop future NRN trials. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The infants' breastfeeding data were examined retrospectively and compared to annual breastfeeding data for all infants born in the same year and county (N = 2,751). (diva-portal.org)