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  • nations
  • The sad, depressing reality chronicled in James Daschuk's tour de force, Clearing the Plains: Disease, Politics of Starvation, and the Loss of Aboriginal Life -describing the extermination of Canada's First Nations-is the mirroring American readers will observe the same situation in the United States. (intercontinentalcry.org)
  • Six of America's representative Native American nations from five major geographic areas are portrayed here by historic photographs and graphics, dramatic reenactments, maps, haunting music, and the people's own words. (kineticvideo.com)
  • Most of these agreements describe exchanges where Indigenous nations agree to share some of their interests in their ancestral lands in return for various payments and promises. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • Sioux writers, poets, and political leaders are today among the most influential leaders in the North American Native American community of nations, and the Sioux religion can be found to have an influence far beyond the Sioux people. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the East and Southeast, from early colonial times, there was much disagreement regarding the nature of the relations with the Indian nations. (encyclopedia.com)
  • There was also a constant need to have allies among the Indian nations during the period of European colonial rivalry on the North American continent, a need that the newly formed United States felt with great urgency during the first generation of its existence. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It was the discovery of gold in 1828, however, at the far southern end of the Cherokee Nation near the border with Georgia that set off a Southern gold rush and brought an urgency to long-debated questions of what the nature of relations with the Indian nations should be. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Sioux had no way of knowing about the process that had worked itself out in the East and Southeast, whereby, in direct contravention of a U.S. Supreme Court decision ( Worchester vs. Georgia ), Indians would no longer be dealt with as sovereign nations. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Many Eastern and Southern Indian nations were uprooted and forced to remove themselves beyond the Mississippi River . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Many Indigenous Nations have calendars which have been counting the years for a very long time. (nativecircle.com)
  • Extreme violence was carried out by Anglo settlers against civilians in an attempt to cause the utter annihilation of the Indigenous nations and communities of people existent across the continent for thousands of years before it was "discovered" by Europeans. (ratical.org)
  • American surveyors set up their own astronomical station nearby, and the two nations thus here divided the landscape along the forty-ninth parallel after the Napoleonic wars. (utne.com)
  • activists
  • This questioning-and in fact rejection-of civilization happens almost exclusively in private, because a lot of these activists are afraid that if they spoke this in public, people would laugh at them, and they would lose whatever credibility they have-or feel they have. (derrickjensen.org)
  • 16th
  • In the last three decades of the 16th century, the population of present-day Mexico dropped to about one million people. (wikipedia.org)
  • for instance, in North America between the 16th and 19th centuries, the Northwest Coast culture area was characterized by traits such as salmon fishing, woodworking, large villages or towns, and hierarchical social organization. (britannica.com)
  • Columbus
  • Application of the term "Indian" originated with Christopher Columbus , who thought that he had arrived in the East Indies , while seeking Asia . (thefullwiki.org)
  • The word "Indian" was an invention of Christopher Columbus , who erroneously thought that he had arrived in the East Indies. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • feminist
  • Male liberation theologians, some who resisted these new perspectives, began to acknowledge the need for an expanded paradigm of liberation theology, one that took into account the feminist, indigenous, African and ecological challenges. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • But as feminist, indigenous and African theologians quickly pointed out, it will not be enough to add their names to the list of the oppressed and then continue with business as usual. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • earliest
  • They were the earliest ancestors of the Athabascan - speaking peoples, including the present-day and historical Navajo and Apache . (wikipedia.org)
  • In October associated with 1998, Jiao-Tong, the literary editor from the China Times in Taipei, Taiwan, invited me personally in order to create an essay on American foodstuff within American literature pertaining to display in the earliest International Conference with Food as well as Literature this was used throughout Taipei in May of 1999. (blogspot.com)
  • tribal
  • The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Forestry and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) have been pressuring tribal people to support the unnecessary and cruel eradication of America's wild horses from public lands. (change.org)
  • See also Sidebar: Tribal Nomenclature: American Indian, Native American, and First Nation . (britannica.com)
  • The Tribe commends the Assistant Secretary for upholding tribal sovereignty with this decision and for recognizing the inherent right of each federally-recognized Indian tribe to determine its own membership and form of government. (ourciea.org)
  • The Bureau of Indian Affairs recently certified the election results and acknowledged the current members of the Tribal Council as being Chairperson Silvia Burley and Secretary/Treasurer Rashel Reznor. (ourciea.org)
  • In response, tribal leaders from throughout Indian Country formed the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) in 1944 to litigate and lobby for the collective well-being of Native peoples. (oxfordre.com)
  • Like other tribal peoples, our traditionalists had special relationships with animals from as far back as archaeologists have found our bones and intricate artwork, our pyramids and mounds, including the Great Serpent Mound and other animal-shaped earthworks that remain in the thousands. (yesmagazine.org)
  • lands
  • The lands of the Sioux have also been a focal point for some of the most dramatic events in the American Indian Movement of recent times, especially the 71-day occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota , in 1973, which brought national media attention to the Pine Ridge Reservation. (encyclopedia.com)
  • They'd been working for years to alert people to the scale of the devastation in Alberta's tar sands belt, where native lands had been wrecked and poisoned by the immense scale of the push to mine "the dirtiest energy on earth. (yesmagazine.org)
  • The Naso (Teribe or Térraba) people have traditionally occupied the mountainous jungle regions of western Bocas del Toro where they continue to identify with the lands along the river that became known in the Spanish speaking world as the Teribe or Tjër Di in Naso. (wikipedia.org)
  • central
  • In the Handbook of North American Indians (1978) a distinction is drawn between the Western Abenaki of interior New Hampshire and Vermont and the Eastern Abenaki of western and central Maine. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Most Eastern Abenaki survived at Old Town and in other communities of central Maine, where they are known today as the Penobscot Indians. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Located in the central north region of Venezuela, Caracas is a sophisticated, cosmopolitan city with a fast-growing population. (encyclopedia.com)
  • I think FTDNA introduced testing for it recently, and that effectively a few people have turned up M335+, always in the Middle East to Central Asia region. (blogspot.com)
  • It was divided into subunits called captaincies whose boundaries were not always clear, grouped around a central government that coexisted for a time with the government of a so-called Estado de Maranhão , further north. (oxfordre.com)
  • Now called the Buffalo Indian Village, the excavation revealed a village consisting of a central plaza surrounded by large ceremonial buildings, a semi-circle of ordinary houses, all of which were enclosed by a stockade. (blogspot.de)
  • Agriculture began in Central Mexico approximately 6,000 years ago and in other parts of North America perhaps 2,000 to 1,000 years later. (oxfordre.com)
  • whites
  • What would happen, ask leaders of Native Indians Against Desecration (NIAD), if they excavated graves of whites in Boston or Philadelphia and put those remains in storage boxes or on display under the guise of expanding knowledge or adding to the catalog of nature? (onlineethics.org)
  • Movement
  • These traits give people of the armadillo spirit an understanding of the power of spiritual cleansing and ability to move with fluid easy movement between dimensions. (manataka.org)
  • Out of this, in Minneapolis, came the American Indian Movement, AIM, in 1968 (and out, as well, of the hope for justice and the tactics for achieving it offered by the Civil Rights Movement and out of the carnival of the later 1960s). (motherjones.com)
  • European
  • There was even an indigenous form of TB likely to bring death to native peoples, but not the virulent form they encountered after European arrival. (intercontinentalcry.org)
  • First, I are convinced the majority of the famous along with famous American foods, for example pizza, hot dogs, hamburgers and also snow lotion usually are derivative from European foods. (blogspot.com)
  • societies
  • I joined the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP) in 1992 to help select those Native North American societies which were the most interesting, from an historical standpoint, and might benefit from a genetic analysis to determine their historical relationships to other Indian people. (culturalsurvival.org)
  • Chief among them is the idea that in capitalist societies, people relate to capital in the same distorted way that church-goers relate to God. (williams.edu)
  • 3 People settled into more densely populated, hierarchical societies. (oxfordre.com)
  • thousand
  • Indian immigration began in the mid-19th century, with more than two thousand Indian Sikhs living in the United States, primarily on the West Coast, by the end of the century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Council
  • I went to the table focused on Spirituality, and joined a group which included the two Lithuanian delegates as well as Yoland Trevino (Maya), Global Council Chair of the United Religious Initiative, and Merekaraka Caesar, (Maori), president of the Universal Peace Federation, who proved to be extremely nice and interesting people. (parliamentofreligions.org)
  • Out of an AIM conference in 1974 came the International Indian Treaty Council. (motherjones.com)
  • ancestral
  • These indigenous people are struggling to save their ancestral home in the Chaco region from cattle companies, farmers and religious sects who are moving into the region and clearing the land. (viewzone2.com)
  • In particular, evidence of geographic distribution and Y-STR diversity indicate that haplogroup Q-M242 (the ancestral haplogroup of the native American-specific haplogroup Q1a3a-M3) and R-M207 probably migrated into East Asia via the northern route. (blogspot.com)
  • notion
  • But this does not in any way negate the foolishness of the notion that North America was entirely devoid of humanity, and then suddenly became populated entirely by Siberians wandering across a so-called frozen land bridge. (nativecircle.com)
  • human beings
  • Or should archaeologists, anthropologists and curators return human remains and burial artifacts to Native Americans so that they can be reburied with the respect we offer to other deceased human beings? (onlineethics.org)
  • years ago
  • Horses evolved on the North American continent over 50,000,000 years ago and they are as much a part of the land as we are. (change.org)
  • from approximately 30,000-12,000 years ago, sea levels were so low that a " land bridge " connecting the two continents was exposed. (britannica.com)
  • When I was young, it was '12,000 years ago' when Indians supposedly migrated over the 'land-bridge' into this continent. (nativecircle.com)
  • A few years ago, on another continent where many snakes live in trees, as we lay on our bunks at a marine biology research station on an island off Brisbane, Australia, my friend Polly read aloud a story written by an Aboriginal woman about her husband's clan animal, a carpet snake. (yesmagazine.org)
  • Canada
  • Indigenous treaties in Canada are constitutionally recognized agreements between the Crown and Indigenous peoples. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • For example, during the late 1630s, smallpox killed over half of the Wyandot (Huron) , who controlled most of the early North American fur trade in what became Canada . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Micmac are a Canadian Indian group living in eastern Canada . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Archaeological and linguistic evidence indicate that the Micmac arrived in eastern Canada from the north. (encyclopedia.com)
  • They migrated into Alaska and northern Canada, south along the Pacific Coast, into the interior of Canada, and south to the Great Plains and the American Southwest. (wikipedia.org)
  • After wide-ranging is searching belonging to the world wide web as well as communications with various mentors of American books at schools in the United States and also Canada, I ended up being really pleasantly surprised to find zero book on the web on the topic. (blogspot.com)
  • In "The Spine of the Continent," author Mary Ellen Hannibal travels the length of the Spine, an area that describes the Rocky Mountains all the way from Canada down through Mexico. (utne.com)
  • racial
  • WINNER OF MANY AWARDS including CINE Golden Eagle and BEST DOCUMENTARY - TELLY AWARDS Hosted and narrated by actor Wes Studi (Dances With Wolves), this is the compelling documentary on Ely Parker (Seneca), a 19th-Century Native American who defied racial barriers to succeed in two very different worlds. (kineticvideo.com)
  • Genetic
  • Genetic and linguistic data connect the indigenous people of this continent with ancient northeast Asians. (wikipedia.org)
  • When first approached to contribute to the debate on the patenting of human genetic resources or cell lines, the first thing that came to my mind was the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP) which proposes to take genetic samples from endangered indigenous people in order to uncover and utilize their genetic secrets. (culturalsurvival.org)