• Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries in 188 countries, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Up-to-date evidence about levels and trends in disease and injury incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) is an essential input into global, regional, and national health policies. (ox.ac.uk)
  • In the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013), we estimated these quantities for acute and chronic diseases and injuries for 188 countries between 1990 and 2013.Estimates were calculated for disease and injury incidence, prevalence, and YLDs using GBD 2010 methods with some important refinements. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Results for incidence of acute disorders and prevalence of chronic disorders are new additions to the analysis. (ox.ac.uk)
  • where IRD hat and IRR hat are point estimates of incidence rate difference and ratio respectively, m is the total number of events observed, PT is the total person-time observed, Z is a quantile of the standard normal distribution and F is a quantile of the F distribution (denominator degrees of freedom are quoted last). (statsdirect.com)
  • Regardless of the above arguments, the results in Brookmeyer's Table 1 are invalid, as is his statement that the 'Hargrove adjustment (with ε = 0.052) will give a negative estimate of incidence if the true HIV incidence rate is 1% per year and if the percentage of the population with longstanding prevalent infections of greater than 3 years duration is 10% or more. (lww.com)
  • We may also conclude with 95% confidence that the incidence rate for those who used postmenopausal hormones in the circumstances of the study was between 0.30 and 0.75 of that for those who did not take post- menopausal hormones. (statsdirect.com)
  • Incidence of acute sequelae were predominantly infectious diseases and short-term injuries, with over 2 billion cases of upper respiratory infections and diarrhoeal disease episodes in 2013, with the notable exception of tooth pain due to permanent caries with more than 200 million incident cases in 2013. (ox.ac.uk)
  • If, as Brookmeyer suggests, ε ≡ 0, the BED incidence estimates can indeed only be matched to the follow-up values by changing Ω. (lww.com)
  • Thus, insisting that ε = 0 implies unrealistically long estimates of the mean window period and an inappropriate age-specific incidence function. (lww.com)
  • When ε = 0, our baseline BED incidence was an impossibly high 9.5% and, against reasonable expectation, was a nondecreasing function of age, independent of the assumed value of Ω ( Fig. 1 b). (lww.com)
  • Abstract There are no data available on cancer incidence pattern in rural Delhi. (merlot.org)
  • The incidence of in‐hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) in the United States is unknown but has been estimated using administrative data from large nationally representative samples such the Medicare and Nationwide Inpatient Sample databases. (shmabstracts.org)
  • We aimed to measure the accuracy of inpatient claims data in determining IHCA incidence. (shmabstracts.org)
  • Standard administrative data likely underestimate the true incidence of IHCAs. (shmabstracts.org)
  • The average annual incidence for 1) 1996-1998 (1997-1998 for Cryptosporidium ), the first years of surveillance, 2) a more recent 3-year period (2006-2008), and 3) the preceding 3 years (2012-2014) are used for comparisons. (cdc.gov)
  • An annual incidence of 14.1 cases per 100,000 person-years (based on the 2000 population standard) for all primary CNS tumors was noted in the CBTRUS statistical report for 2004. (medscape.com)
  • While the American Cancer Society estimates more than 2 million new skin cancers will be diagnosed this year, our research shows that the annual incidence in 2008 could actually have been 3.7 million," said Dr. Coldiron. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The aim of this study was to assess the annual incidence in a nationwide cohort of patients with presumed CD in Sweden.Patients registered with a diagnostic code for Cushing's syndrome (CS) or CD, between 1987 and 2013 were identified in the Swedish National Patient Registry. (gu.se)
  • The mean (95% confidence interval) annual incidence between 1987 and 2013 of confirmed CD was 1.6 (1.4-1.8) cases per million. (gu.se)
  • 1987-1995, 1996-2004, and 2005-2013, the mean annual incidence was 1.5 (1.1-1.8), 1.4 (1.0-1.7) and 2.0 (1.7-2.3) cases per million, respectively. (gu.se)
  • Using the US population in the year 2000 as a reference for standardization, we report an overall incidence rate of 6.1 cases per 100,000 person-years. (medscape.com)
  • Determining the overall incidence of anterior cruciate ligament injury in the general population is difficult given the limited availability of accurate data. (humankinetics.com)
  • They found the overall incidence of psychotic disorders to be 21.4 per 100,000 person-years, but discovered wide variations between different areas, from a low of 6.0 per 100,000 person-years in the rural area around Santiago (Spain), to a high of over 45 in inner-city Paris and Southeast London. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • Alfrey et al reported an increase in the overall incidence of PTLD from 0.7% from 1965-1988 to 1.9% from 1988-1990. (medscape.com)
  • Researchers found that overall incidence of anal squamous cell carcinoma in the US rose by 2.7% annually between 2001 and 2015, while mortality associated with the disease increased by 3.1% yearly between 2001 and 2016, with adults in their 50s and 60s especially affected. (smartbrief.com)
  • Ireland has the highest overall incidence of moderate to severe depressive symptoms among young people. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • This study suggests that vitamin D(3) supplementation during the winter may reduce the incidence of influenza A, especially in specific subgroups of schoolchildren. (nih.gov)
  • An objective of the Health and Safety Executive is to reduce the incidence of work-related skin disease by 2010, measured against an incidence rate for the year 2000. (ilo.org)
  • Washington, Dec 08 (ANI): A new research has strongly endorsed the continuation of vitamin A supplementation programmes, which reduce the incidence of measles and diarrhoea and ultimately save lives. (thaindian.com)
  • SAXS or SANS ) and the surface sensitivity of grazing incidence diffraction (GID). (wikipedia.org)
  • As a hybrid technique, GISAS combines concepts from transmission small-angle scattering (SAS), from grazing-incidence diffraction (GID), and from diffuse reflectometry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Grazing Small and Wide Angle Scattering (GISAXS & GIWAXS), Grazing Incidence Diffraction (GID) and Surface X-ray diffraction ( SXRD ), althought this nomenclature is not universal. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • The incidence rate went up 2.2% per year among non-Hispanic black men and women. (cdc.gov)
  • The model is used to calculate the estimated change in incidence (relative rate) between 2015 and the comparison periods, with 95% confidence intervals (CI). (cdc.gov)
  • By using regression analysis, we found that the incidence rate increased until 1987, and has been declining, albeit modestly, since then. (medscape.com)
  • Incidence is therefore customarily expressed as a rate. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If the notification of new cases of malignant melanoma to cancer registries in an area is complete, all diagnoses are accurate, and the number and age of people at risk of getting malignant melanoma is known, then the incidence rate can be calculated, fluctuations from year to year can be discerned, and the groups or localities where the incidence is unusually high can be identified. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In Iraq, the continuous rise in the incidence rate is associated with an obvious trend to affect premenopausal women," said Nada A.S. Alwan, M.D., Ph.D., director of the National Breast Cancer Research Unit at Baghdad University Medical College and the executive director of the newly established Iraqi National Cancer Research Program. (redorbit.com)
  • Dementia: Shifting Incidence Rate? (medpagetoday.com)
  • COPENHAGEN -- The incidence rate for dementia may have flattened or even declined in the U.S. and other developed nations, studies presented here suggested. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The 2013 rate was more in line with levels seen in 2004 through 2007, where the median incidence was 0.43 per 100,000 people, but was higher than the median rate -- 0.18 per 100,000 -- observed in 2008 through 2011. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Age-standardised incidence rate per 100 000 person-years was 448. (gu.se)
  • This incidence rate was derived from a population with complete ascertainment of hospitalizations and deaths associated with lactic acidosis in metformin users. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • However, incidence is often confused with the similar-sounding words incident and instance, which refer not to a rate but to a discrete event and are pluralized as incidents (which sounds exactly like incidence ) and instances (which has an ending similar to incidences ). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Enter the number of beds at your hospital and the current VTE prophylaxis rate in the specified cells, and the tool will automatically calculate the incidence rate. (ihi.org)
  • State-mandated diagnosis of autism by a clinician for consideration in special education was linked with around a whopping 99 percent decrease in the rate of incidence for autism and ID. (eurekalert.org)
  • FoodNet uses a main-effects, log-linear Poisson regression (negative binomial) model to estimate changes in the incidence of infection and to measure overall trends in incidence. (cdc.gov)
  • The aims of the present study were 1 ) to determine the long-term incidence of diabetes among Danish women with previous diet-treated GDM, 2 ) to describe potential changes in the incidence of diabetes and overweight during the last decades among women with previous GDM, and 3 ) to identify risk factors for the development of diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention published a CDC study looking at gallbladder cancer incidence and death rates from 2007 through 2011 and trends from 1999 through 2011 in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Trends in Brain Cancer Incidence and Survival in the United States: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, 1973 to 2001. (medscape.com)
  • The etiology and incidence of anaphylaxis in Rochester, Minnesota: a report from the Rochester Epidemiology Project. (medscape.com)
  • Here, combining data from immunology and epidemiology, we show that many of these dramatic age-related increases in incidence can be modeled based on immune system decline, rather than mutation accumulation. (pnas.org)
  • The reported incidence of dizziness varies in relation to the research methods utilized for accumulating data and the clinic where the patients were evaluated. (asha.org)
  • Instead, a new way of interpreting geometric primitives must be found, such that the interpretation of the incidence relation respects the uniqueness property ( I 2). (hindawi.com)
  • a plane is a set of points) then an incidence relation may be viewed as containment . (wikipedia.org)
  • The incidence of neuroinvasive cases, which are associated with substantial morbidity, is thought to be the most accurate indicator of disease activity. (medpagetoday.com)
  • We conducted this study to estimate the incidence of severe hyperbilirubinemia in Canada and to determine the underlying causes, which would be of value in identifying and implementing strategies to prevent morbidity from this condition. (cmaj.ca)
  • CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of acute HCV declined substantially over the 25 years of population-based surveillance. (mendeley.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS -The incidence of diabetes among Danish women with previous diet-treated GDM was very high and had more than doubled over a 10-year period. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Neglected properties of the structural gravity model offer a theoretically consistent method to calculate the incidence of estimated trade costs, disaggregated by commodity and region, and re-aggregated into forms useful for economic geography. (repec.org)
  • The first results show an incidence of confirmed neonatal infections of 17.7 per 1000 live births. (pasteur.fr)
  • The incidence of multidrug-resistant bacterial infections has been estimated at 7.7 cases per 1000 live births. (pasteur.fr)
  • Of 367 cases reported, 258 were confirmed to be severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, for an estimated incidence of 1 in 2480 live births. (cmaj.ca)
  • Schobeiri M.T. (2019) Incidence and Deviation. (springer.com)
  • The second annual Blockchain Litigation Year in Review Report quantifies the incidence of litigation in the blockchain sector in 2019 for the U.S. marketplace. (yahoo.com)
  • The true incidence of anaphylaxis is unknown. (medscape.com)
  • Stroke incidence rates in different age strata. (gu.se)
  • In humans, the thymus atrophies from infancy, resulting in an exponential decline in T cell production with a half-life of ∼16 years, which we use as the basis for a minimal mathematical model of disease incidence. (pnas.org)
  • With the recent successes of T cell-based immunotherapies ( 5 ), it is timely to assess how thymic involution may affect cancer and infectious disease incidence. (pnas.org)
  • BACKGROUND: Monitoring disease incidence and transmission patterns is important to characterize groups at risk for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. (mendeley.com)
  • The researchers say their findings can be used to help plan mental health services, by identifying which regions could expect greater incidence of psychosis. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • They reported that women who had the highest trans fat intake (6.1 grams per day) had a 39% greater incidence of stroke compared to those who consumed less (2.2 grams per day). (foodnavigator.com)
  • Given the high inflation in the second half of 2018, the impact on poverty incidence was severe on poor. (bworldonline.com)
  • In this light, the poverty incidence would have barely moved between 2015 and 2018. (bworldonline.com)
  • The incidence of toxic shock syndrome rose significantly in the following decade until it reached a peak in the 1980s and declined from that point until today and is now seen as a relatively rare condition. (news-medical.net)
  • This public health initiative is largely to account for the decrease in incidence of toxic shock syndrome since the 1980s and its relative rarity today. (news-medical.net)
  • This entity was rarely reported until the mid 1980s, when the incidence began suddenly rising. (medscape.com)
  • The average number of IDU-related cases declined paralleling the decline in incidence, but the proportion of IDU-related cases rose from 31.8% (402 of 1266) during 1982 to 1989 to 45.6% (103 of 226) during 1994 to 2006. (mendeley.com)
  • 7 And the lack of data on the incidence of induced abortion and the magnitude of the public health burden of treating postabortion complications makes it difficult to describe the problem, to focus public attention on it, and to design postabortion care and contraceptive services to address it. (guttmacher.org)
  • In countries such as Ghana, where the law restricts elective induced abortion, data to quantify the incidence of abortion are scarce. (guttmacher.org)
  • Although they generally concur that the incidence of primary malignant brain tumor has been rising, some are based on a relatively small number of cases, and others have used statistical sampling methods to arrive at this conclusion. (medscape.com)
  • Of the total, 1,383 (or 53%) were reported as neuroinvasive disease, for a national incidence of 0.44 cases per 100,000 people. (medpagetoday.com)
  • However, it could equally well be argued that in some cases the incidence of the tax falls on the employer. (wikipedia.org)
  • This analysis resulted in an estimated incidence of 420 cases for 100,000 workers during 2000. (ilo.org)
  • We aimed to identify all incident cases of childhood CD in southeast Scotland over the period 1990 to 2009 to assess trends in total incidence and cases diagnosed as a result of (1) a classic presentation, (2) a nonclassic presentation, or (3) targeted screening. (aappublications.org)
  • The intraoperative incidence of cerebral desaturation is influenced by the definition of desaturation and surgical procedure. (medtronic.com)
  • Researchers from the Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Jolly Grant, Uttarakhand, and McGill International TB Centre, McGill University, Montreal, used data on undernutrition in India from the National Family Health Survey 3 to assess the impact of undernutrition in Indian adolescents and adults on the incidence of TB. (financialexpress.com)
  • Researchers are concerned because Latinos have greater incidences of thick tumors, which are more likely to cause death. (californiahealthline.org)
  • Stern said that there has been considerable controversy on whether or not climate changes affected East Africa and if there was a possible association with the rise in malaria incidences. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This research suggests that, while climate change is expected to have many serious impacts, other factors including medical interventions appear to be more important in determining the incidence of malaria. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Dublin, Ireland:) The global economic and financial crisis brought to an end an era of relative calm with regards to collective industrial action, and the highest incidence of industrial action was not surprisingly found in countries worst hit by the crisis. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • In addition, uncovertebral joint ossification, cervical kyphosis, and ROM at the index level were found to affect the incidence of AS after CDA. (mendeley.com)
  • The scattered probe is either photons ( grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering , GISAXS ) or neutrons ( grazing-incidence small-angle neutron scattering , GISANS ). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, early in 1980, epidemiological studies reported toxic shock syndrome occurring with increasing incidence in menstruating women. (news-medical.net)
  • Data from research conducted over the period from 2000-2006, reported that the incidence of toxic shock syndrome now remains low and stable. (news-medical.net)