• The scattered probe is either photons ( grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering , GISAXS ) or neutrons ( grazing-incidence small-angle neutron scattering , GISANS ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Changing Incidence of Geography ," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 698, Boston College Department of Economics. (repec.org)
  • Barna's conceptual framework-first developed as a doctoral candidate at the London School of Economics under Nicholas Kaldor-was influential and today serves as the essential framework for fiscal incidence studies conducted by the British government. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results: Cervical cancer incidence among young women 15-24 years of age was stable during 2000-2006 from 9.5 in 2000 to 9.1 in 2006, but decreased from 6.9 in 2007 to 5.3 in 2013 (annual percentage decrease [APD] 5.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.1-10.2, significantly different from the APD during 2000-2006). (aacrjournals.org)
  • A significance decrease was observed in the incidence of non-squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) rather than SCC among young females 15-24 years from 3 in 2007 to 1.5 in 2013 (APD 9.1, 95% CI 3.1-14.7). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Conclusion: A significance decrease in the incidence of cervical cancer during the vaccine era among young females 15-24 years may indicate early effects of HPV vaccination. (aacrjournals.org)
  • When the association between tampons with higher absorbency and toxic shock syndrome became clear, public health interventions were initiated to decrease the incidence of the condition. (news-medical.net)
  • This public health initiative is largely to account for the decrease in incidence of toxic shock syndrome since the 1980s and its relative rarity today. (news-medical.net)
  • FoodNet uses a main-effects, log-linear Poisson regression (negative binomial) model to estimate changes in the incidence of infection and to measure overall trends in incidence. (cdc.gov)
  • The majority of the affected women showed signs of Staphylococcus aureus infection and the incidence of the syndrome continued to rise until it reached epidemic status. (news-medical.net)
  • The incidence of gallbladder cancer is going up among black men and women. (cdc.gov)
  • The journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention published a CDC study looking at gallbladder cancer incidence and death rates from 2007 through 2011 and trends from 1999 through 2011 in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • CDC researchers used U.S. Cancer Statistics data to figure gallbladder cancer incidence (new cases) and death rates by sex, racial and ethnic group, age group, U.S. Census region, state, county-level poverty, and percent of county population not born in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Gallbladder cancer incidence and death rates were highest in the Northeast and Midwest U.S. Census regions. (cdc.gov)
  • Gallbladder cancer incidence and mortality, United States, 1999-2011. (cdc.gov)
  • Comparing trends and incidence of cervical cancer before and during the vaccine era among vaccine-eligible young women (15-34 years) may provide valuable insight about potential vaccine impact. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Cervical cancer incidence among young females 25-34 years of age also decreased from 99.7 in 2000 to 78.2 in 2006 (APD 4.0, 95% CI 2.3-5.6), and from 78.6 in 2007 to 68.2 in 2013 (APD 2.5, 95% CI 0.5-4.5). (aacrjournals.org)
  • If the notification of new cases of malignant melanoma to cancer registries in an area is complete, all diagnoses are accurate, and the number and age of people at risk of getting malignant melanoma is known, then the incidence rate can be calculated, fluctuations from year to year can be discerned, and the groups or localities where the incidence is unusually high can be identified. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Define and interpret a disease incidence as the rate of disease or risk of disease over a time period. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • Another way to define a distance again uses a graph-theoretic notion in a related structure, this time the collinearity graph of the incidence structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary outcome was the incidence of influenza A, diagnosed with influenza antigen testing with a nasopharyngeal swab specimen. (nih.gov)
  • The initial incidence (also called statutory incidence) of a tax is the initial distribution among taxpayers of a legal obligation to remit tax receipts to the government. (britannica.com)
  • Fiscal incidence is the term for the overall impact of government taxing and spending considered together. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study suggests that vitamin D(3) supplementation during the winter may reduce the incidence of influenza A, especially in specific subgroups of schoolchildren. (nih.gov)
  • Economists formally study tax incidence by using the tools of supply and demand analysis. (britannica.com)
  • It sometimes happens that authors blur the distinction between a study and the objects of that study, so it is not surprising to find that some authors refer to incidence structures as incidence geometries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The true incidence of anaphylaxis is unknown. (medscape.com)
  • Very general incidence structures can be obtained by imposing "mild" conditions, such as: A partial linear space is an incidence structure for which the following axioms are true: Every pair of distinct points determines at most one line. (wikipedia.org)
  • Figure 2: Air-Dielectric-Air model for plane wave incidence. (3ds.com)
  • This example of simulating a normal incidence plane wave contains a short description of the theory, detailed information on how to construct the model, a video showing how to construct the model, and the fully constructed model ready for you to download. (3ds.com)
  • The 'incidence' of pediatric dysphagia refers to the number of new cases identified in a specified time period. (asha.org)
  • For Canada's provinces, 1992-2003, incidence is on average some five times higher for sellers than for buyers. (repec.org)
  • The difference between the initial incidence and the final incidence is called tax shifting. (britannica.com)
  • usual to distinguish between the legal incidence of a tax and its effective, or final, incidence. (britannica.com)
  • Early empirical studies of fiscal incidence date to the 1940s. (wikipedia.org)
  • These studies include incidence values ranging to a maximum of 17 per 100,000 women. (news-medical.net)
  • The incidence of toxic shock syndrome rose significantly in the following decade until it reached a peak in the 1980s and declined from that point until today and is now seen as a relatively rare condition. (news-medical.net)
  • A geometric structure such as the Euclidean plane is a complicated object that involves concepts such as length, angles, continuity, betweenness, and incidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • The legal incidence is on the person or company who is legally obliged to pay the tax. (britannica.com)