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  • insects
  • The inability to culture these bacteria outside of the invertebrate host has also led to the existing bias of Wolbachia research toward infections that occur in host insects that are easily reared. (asm.org)
  • Xerces Society
  • Many Xerces Society members create wildlife gardens that are particularly hospitable to invertebrates, and among them are some wonderful examples. (xerces.org)
  • Unfortunately, these small fines will do little to keep applicators from continuing to apply these pesticides in ways that harm bees," said Aimee Code, Pesticide Program Coordinator for the Portland-based Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation. (xerces.org)
  • We commend the Oregon Department of Agriculture for taking immediate action to help wrap trees in Wilsonville in the aftermath of the massive bee kill, and for following up with use restrictions on linden and basswood trees," said Scott Hoffman Black, Executive Director of the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation. (xerces.org)
  • The Xerces Society is a nonprofit organization that protects wildlife through the conservation of invertebrates and their habitat. (xerces.org)
  • roles
  • They perform vital roles in their environments and help regulate important biological processes. (fws.gov)
  • Besides determining the microbial community profile of these invertebrates, the predictive roles of various microbial taxa in both the digestive health of the host, as well as the ecological importance of those bacteria to the host's community has been proposed. (frontiersin.org)
  • Several reports in literature indicate that the glycan repertoire of parasites plays important roles in host-parasite interactions and modulation and evasion of the host immune system, while insect glycans are essential for their survival, growth and development. (qxmd.com)
  • hosts
  • Wolbachia pipientis refers to a monophyletic clade of intracellular α-proteobacteria that infect a diverse range of invertebrate hosts and display the ability to manipulate the reproduction of their hosts via several distinct phenotypes, including cytoplasmic incompatibility, feminization, parthenogenesis, and male killing ( 14 , 25 , 31 ). (asm.org)
  • habitat
  • We found that invertebrate communities were structured by habitat type and depth and, similar to the fishes, there was no statistical difference between the energized and unenergized cables. (hindawi.com)
  • Salt marshes are important in many ways: they provide habitat for marine life, birds and migratory birds, they're important nursery areas for fish and invertebrates, and they protect the rest of the coastline by buffering wave action and absorbing water during high tides and storms. (thoughtco.com)
  • organisms
  • Research has shown that cartilaginous and some bony fishes, as well as at least some invertebrates, are sensitive to EMF and that these fields can alter the behavior of some organisms [ 2 - 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Marine organisms are an increasingly important source of bioactive natural products, which in some cases have found application as pharmaceuticals (e.g., anticancer drugs) [ 1 , 2 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • wildlife
  • At Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge we use the presence of these invertebrates to determine the effectiveness of wetland and water management strategies. (fws.gov)
  • found
  • Invertebrates are the planet's biggest source of biodiversity and can be found on every level of the food chain and in every ecosystem on the planet. (fws.gov)
  • variety
  • Here are a variety of ways to support our efforts to conserve these vital invertebrates throughout the year-no matter where you live! (xerces.org)
  • natural
  • Integrating phenological knowledge into natural resource stewardship is important in making land management decisions. (fed.us)
  • research
  • Since the original description of the genus Wolbachia ( 11 ), the inability to culture these symbionts outside of the invertebrate host has continued to be a hindrance to research with these bacteria. (asm.org)
  • However, additional research with Wolbachia often requires that a colony of infected host invertebrates be maintained. (asm.org)
  • knowledge
  • Since 1971, the Society has been at the forefront of invertebrate protection, harnessing the knowledge of scientists and the enthusiasm of citizens to implement conservation programs worldwide. (xerces.org)