Loading...
  • 1977
  • relationship between duration of illness & self concept adjustment to MS involved an improvement in self concept over time, but the improvement is mediated by the degree of impairment associated with the disease (Brooks and Matson, 1977). (prezi.com)
  • dementia
  • The individuals with MCI and mild dementia had lower spiritual well-being, social support, self-esteem, life satisfaction, positive affect, optimism and hope scores, and higher negative affect scores compared with the controls. (frontiersin.org)
  • empirical
  • Ample empirical studies provide support for this assumption, showing that people who disclose their deepest thoughts and feelings to intimate confidants are happier, have higher self-esteem, and suffer from fewer physical health problems than people who keep these thoughts to themselves (e.g. (springer.com)
  • 1990
  • The first was a set of two rating systems completed by students-The Social Skills Rating System (Gresham & Elliott, 1990) and the Self- Perception Profile for Adolescents (Harter, 1988). (youthandreligion.org)
  • differences
  • Sociologists have associated national differences in loneliness with differences in social integration. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Gender differences in socialization, communication, individuation and social networks might explain why daughters and sons are differently affected by maternal disclosure. (springer.com)
  • Loneliness
  • Loneliness, lack of social support and harsh nurses were other causes of sadness as expressed by informants. (uib.no)
  • Contemporary social scientists have defined loneliness as the unpleasant experience that occurs when a person's network of social relationships is deficient in some important way, either quantitatively or qualitatively (Peplau and Perlman 1982, p. 4). (encyclopedia.com)
  • According to this conceptualization, loneliness stems from a discrepancy between the level of social contact a person needs or desires and the amount she or he has. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The deficits can be in the person's intimate relationships, as Russell's quote implies, leading to emotional loneliness or in the individual's broader network of relationships leading to social loneliness (Weiss 1973). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Psychoanalytical tests have found that cognitive impairment is closely correlated with traits such as boredom-proneness, loneliness, 123 small social network, 124 and high stress. (lifeextension.com)
  • findings
  • The findings showed that experiencing greater impairment of functioning relates to higher PTS. (istss.org)
  • PTS and PTG) following TEs in a relatively large community sample from a predominantly Muslim and collectivistic culture, thus, having potential to support/challenge the findings from western samples. (istss.org)
  • characteristics
  • Every experience seems to be a different story, the story being shaped by the individuals' history, characteristics and how they cope with the event and the meaning they give to the event. (istss.org)
  • In the present paper we describe the chief characteristics of ayahuasca, discuss important questions raised about its use, and provide an overview of the scientific research supporting its potential therapeutic benefits. (frontiersin.org)
  • chronic pain
  • This study looks at whether a coping skills training program can help women manage pain and stress after breast surgery, and lower the risk of developing chronic pain. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Behavioral strategies that relieve the physical and emotional burdens of chronic pain are becoming more commonplace, not just as alternatives or adjuncts to problematic opioid analgesics, but as effective means to restore daily functioning. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Calls for implementing evidence-based behavioral strategies in managing chronic pain have been issued by various agencies, including the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Institute of Medicine in the United States. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Dawn C. Buse, Ph.D., an associate professor in the Department of Neurology at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University in New York City, NY, explained to Medical News Today the value of behavioral strategies in treating patients with chronic pain. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • outcomes
  • The instruments used were: Spirituality Self Rating Scale (SSRS), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Medical Outcomes Study's Social Support Scale, Life Satisfaction Scale (LSS), Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R), and Adult Dispositional Hope Scale (ADHS). (frontiersin.org)
  • Diabetes self-management education and support (DSME/S) provides the foundation to help people with diabetes to navigate these decisions and activities and has been shown to improve health outcomes ( 1 - 7 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • stress
  • stress coping in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) depending on type of disease and disease activity. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This study provides partial support for the Elaborated Environmental Stress Hypothesis, however further research is required. (frontiersin.org)
  • occurs
  • We now know that cognitive impairment occurs in up to 65 percent of people with MS and usually lessens their ability to remember previously learned information. (dana.org)
  • patients
  • Davis-Ali SH, Chesler MA, Chesney BK: Recognizing cancer as a family disease: worries and support reported by patients and spouses. (adventisthealthcare.com)
  • Are FM patients ever truly disabled and if so, what is the nature of their impairment? (fmaware.org)
  • Despite multiple early accounts of MS as a disease affecting cognition, reports on the incidence of cognitive impairment in patients with MS were mixed over the following century. (dana.org)
  • The recent development of improved diagnostic tests for cognitive function has allowed researchers to reach a general consensus: Cognitive impairment is a debilitating and widespread comorbidity of MS. Today physicians recognize that MS affects more than 600,000 people in the United States and more than 2 million people worldwide, and 40 to 65 percent of these patients experience some degree of cognitive impairment. (dana.org)
  • Cognitive impairment substantially impacts the lives of patients with MS and their families. (dana.org)
  • 5 Patients with impaired cognition participate in social activities less frequently. (dana.org)
  • They have also empowered patients to shift the focus from their pain and impairment to reclaiming function and activities, despite residual pain. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • mothers
  • Parents (mothers in particular) also expressed the feeling of being excessively burdened, and complained about the limitations of their support networks. (frontiersin.org)
  • 0.001) coping styles than mothers of typical developing children. (frontiersin.org)
  • measurement
  • Similarly, efforts to address global assessment concerns and specific research and measurement issues in the field of coping have encountered numerous obstacles. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • study
  • Since the family is an important part of a patient's support system, it is believed that any study of adjustment should also include the perceptions of family members. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • 17 years, average age of participants= 52 yrs participants with an high internal locus of control had more positive adjustment scores those who say they cope through acceptance of disease show improvements in self concept while those reporting religion or family as major coping strategy have decreasing self concepts (in contrast to exploratory study) (Brooks and Matson, 1982). (prezi.com)
  • whereas
  • Coping with the adversity also mattered: Fatalistic coping related to PTS, whereas problem-solving coping related to PTG. (istss.org)
  • The initial DSME is typically provided by a health professional, whereas ongoing support can be provided by personnel within a practice and a variety of community-based resources. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • exhibit
  • However, there is also the possibility that individuals exposed to trauma show resilience or they exhibit positive transformations in the process of coping with adversity. (istss.org)
  • secondary
  • Key targets of CBT are reducing "catastrophizing," which is when the patient is feeling helpless and overwhelmed, and identifying "secondary gains" from the impairment of pain, which may undermine motivation to resume work or interact with family or peers. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • disease
  • There is a tendency to focus on the biological aspects of a disease state because they are perceived as tangible, measurable, and modifiable. (lifeextension.com)
  • 1999
  • Since the mid-1970s social scientists have published a growing number of studies addressing these questions (Ernst and Cacioppo 1999). (encyclopedia.com)