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  • cholera
  • In 1886 pioneer observations involving hog cholera bacilli were made by Smith on bacterial variation-a phenomenon that excited his continuing speculative interest-and on the immunity developed by pigeons inoculated with heat-killed cultures, thus heralding a new approach to bacterial vaccine production. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Polio
  • A need based strategy was adopted to reach maximum children during each polio immunization campaign. (taxguru.in)
  • In short it appears that the most effective way to protect your child from polio is to make sure that he doesn't get the vaccine. (blogspot.com)
  • Children who are travelling to countries with polio should receive at least two doses of polio vaccine before departure. (fhi.no)
  • Polio vaccine is no longer recommended for US travelers. (cdc.gov)
  • However, all travelers (residents and nationals) from countries reporting cases of polio should check to see if there is a requirement for a dose of polio vaccine prior to entry into India. (cdc.gov)
  • oral vaccine
  • 36% occurred in people who were in contact with vaccinated children, with 82% of these after the contact person had received the first dose of oral vaccine. (blogspot.com)
  • measles vaccine
  • The programme began six antigens, measles vaccine was added in the same year and in 1990 Vitamin A supplementation was included in the programme. (taxguru.in)
  • Drs Kalokerinos and Mendelsohn say that the measles vaccine itself carries a high risk of producing encephalitis, as well as other serious conditions such as subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, which is almost always fatal, involving as it does a hardening of the brain substance. (blogspot.com)
  • Vaccinations
  • The vaccinations under development in the Phase III clinical trials include Herpes Zoster Subunit (HZ/su), a recombinant version of the "Shingles Vaccine", which is determined to be successful in 51% of the tested adults, aged 60 and above, however the effectiveness is found to decrease with age. (grandviewresearch.com)
  • smallpox vaccine
  • Dr Archie Kalokerinos: "There has only been one controlled trial of smallpox vaccine and that was in the Philippines at the turn of the century when they were under Australian control. (blogspot.com)
  • invasive
  • Sabin's Coalition against Typhoid hosts international conferences on typhoid and other invasive salmonelloses, convening scientists and researchers from around the world to present new research and promote collaboration. (sabin.org)
  • 2002
  • In 2002, 147 typhoid cases were reported in England and Wales, with 101 of those acquired abroad. (medindia.net)
  • systemic
  • Severe systemic complications, including intestinal perforation and neurologic manifestations, have been well documented, and intestinal perforation is the most common cause of death from typhoid ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • intestinal
  • Chemical vaccines against intestinal infections were first employed in 1941 as part of the NIISI polyvalent vaccine proposed by the Soviet scientists N. I. Aleksandrov and N. E. Gefen. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • However, one problematic issue in the field has been that although candidate RASVs are adequately attenuated in animal models, when administered to humans, these vaccines can produce unwanted side effects, including fever and intestinal distress ( 5 , 6 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • epidemic
  • An epidemic of typhoid fever occurred among immunized dependents and other personnel at an American youth camp in Germany during July and August. (army.mil)
  • Immunization policies consider epidemic potential, exposure risk (e.g., travel, occupation), and the potential for contingency work in unsanitary conditions. (hcvets.com)
  • therapeutic
  • a preparation obtained from microorganisms (bacteria, rickettsias, viruses) or products of their activity and used for active immunization of human beings and animals for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Moreover, Merck & Co., Inc., and Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation have engaged in a collaborative research endeavor to develop the therapeutic Alzheimer's vaccine, CAD106 vaccine, which is under phase II clinical trials. (grandviewresearch.com)
  • She is a consultant for the companies that market HPV vaccines, MSD, and GSK and for small biotech companies developing therapeutic vaccines. (europeanvaccinesdiagnostics.com)
  • protection
  • Three capsules swallowed over five days provides protection against both typhoid and paratyphoid for a year. (wanderlust.co.uk)
  • The dependency on immunisation to give protection against disease misses the key factor in the equation - the individual's immune system. (blogspot.com)
  • The UK's Health Protection Agency show there has been a 69% increase in typhoid cases in recent years, with many acquired abroad. (medindia.net)
  • However, the impact of the two licensed MenB vaccines on carriage of meningococcus is uncertain, hence the need for a community based clinical trial to evaluate whether an adolescent MenB immunisation campaign could achieve protection in the broader community against MenB disease. (ox.ac.uk)
  • recommendations
  • Data from the study is already informing global introduction of the first WHO-approved typhoid conjugate vaccine, as well as policy recommendations for its use. (sabin.org)
  • The requirements and recommendations are described in a joint immunization regulation, (8) summarized in table 1. (hcvets.com)
  • Senior preventive-medicine officers from the five Armed Services develop vaccine recommendations for military trainees and other military personnel, with decisions made by the Army, Navy, and Air Force Surgeons General and the Coast Guard Director of Health & Safety. (hcvets.com)