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  • tolerance
  • Immune tolerance is important for normal physiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • And immune tolerance in pregnancy is what allows a mother animal to gestate a genetically distinct offspring with an alloimmune response muted enough to prevent miscarriage . (wikipedia.org)
  • The phenomenon of immune tolerance was first described by Ray D. Owens in 1945, who noted that dizygotic twin cattle sharing a common placenta also shared a stable mixture of each other's red blood cells (though not necessarily 50/50), and retained that mixture throughout life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although Owens did not use the term immune tolerance, his study showed the body could be tolerant of these foreign tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, these discoveries, and the host of allograft experiments and observations of twin chimerism they inspired, were seminal for the theories of immune tolerance formulated by Sir Frank McFarlane Burnet and Frank Fenner , who were the first to propose the deletion of self-reactive lymphocytes to establish tolerance, now termed clonal deletion . (wikipedia.org)
  • Burnet and Medawar were ultimately credited for "the discovery of acquired immune tolerance" and shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1960. (wikipedia.org)
  • Immune tolerance encompasses the range of physiological mechanisms by which the body reduces or eliminates an immune response to particular agents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Immune tolerance also does not usually refer to artificially induced immunosuppression by corticosteroids, lymphotoxic chemotherapy agents, sublethal irradiation, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • Many genes with reproductive roles also have antibacterial and immune functions, which indicate that the threat of microbial attack on the sperm or egg may be a major influence on rapid evolution during reproduction. (wiktionary.org)
  • tissue
  • Immune complexes bound to erythrocytes are effectively removed from the circulation, which is presumed alternatively to prevent deposition at tissue sites, for example, the renal glomerulus. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • Vaccinia immune globulin (VIG) is made from the pooled blood of individuals who have been inoculated with the smallpox vaccine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Source
  • Immune Infertility is a model source of vital and reliable information on the latest scientific developments in the field. (springer.com)
  • specific
  • The autoantigens are organ and cell-specific, and in some cases surgical removal of the neoplasm has resulted in amelioration of immune-mediated paraneoplasia.2,14-18 Gammaglobulin treatment is reported to have beneficial results in some through processes that include anti-idiotype immunomodulation.19 Plasmapheresis and immuno- suppression may provide symptomatic relief in others,3,6,15,20 but no single immunomodulation is universally successful. (redorbit.com)
  • Days
  • Also, considering the album was recorded in 2003, most kids are too much into Underoath and August Burns Red these days to enjoy Immune. (wikipedia.org)