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  • assets
  • The current political setback will most likely delay such progress, which justifies the repricing we have seen of a "risk premium" in Brazilian assets. (oppenheimerfunds.com)
  • Stocks
  • The different types of risk are important to understand because it makes you think about how you're not just diversified because you own 15 to 25 stocks. (fool.com)
  • vulnerability
  • Coincidental to this activity, and in part because of our recognition of the industrys vulnerability tofinancial risk, the Wharton Financial Institutions Center, with the support of the Sloan Foundation, has beeninvolved in an analysis of financial risk management processes in the financial sector. (slideshare.net)
  • widely
  • I think something that's important to recognize is, there are two widely established categories of risk that we're dealing with here. (fool.com)
  • optimal
  • To do so we compute, within a restricted class of income tax functions which has as one of the policy choice variables the marginal tax rate applying to the top 1%, the optimal one-time tax reform, which in turn induces an economic transition from the current status quo 3 towards a new stationary equilibrium. (docplayer.net)
  • informal
  • A variety of informal risk-sharing mechanisms have been documented in remote rural communities around the world, including gift giving, food sharing, remittances, rotating savings, and unstructured loans (Fafchamps 2003). (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • taxation
  • What are the effects of taxation on individual/entrepreneurs' risk-taking behavior? (imf.org)
  • Processes
  • An Empirical Investigation of Labor Income Processes ," Macroeconomics 0508026, EconWPA. (repec.org)
  • An Empirical Investigation of Labor Income Processes ," NBER Working Papers 13394, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc. (repec.org)
  • An empirical investigation of labor income processes ," IFS Working Papers W07/13, Institute for Fiscal Studies. (repec.org)
  • savings
  • Lessons from a Life Cycle Model with Idiosyncratic Income Risk Fabian Kindermann University of Bonn and Netspar Dirk Krueger University of Pennsylvania, CEPR, CFS, NBER and Netspar January 23, 215 Abstract This paper argues that high marginal labor income tax rates are an effective tool for social insurance even when households have high labor supply elasticity, make dynamic savings decisions, and policies have general equilibrium effects. (docplayer.net)
  • potential
  • Specifically, examine the potential funding power of three types of taxes (income tax, corporate tax, and trade tax) using cross-country tax revenues and tax rate data in a global perspective. (springer.com)
  • Finally, our currency valuation framework indicates that high-yielding emerging currencies are undervalued relative to other global currencies, increasing the attractiveness of local currency debt in terms of both income and total return potential (see Exhibit 3) . (oppenheimerfunds.com)
  • paper
  • In this paper we entertain the hypothesis that observed variations in income shares are the result of changes in the balance of power between workers and capital owners in labor relations. (repec.org)
  • The equity premium and the allocation of income risk ," Levine's Working Paper Archive 1398, David K. Levine. (repec.org)
  • The equity premium and the allocation of income risk ," Discussion Paper / Institute for Empirical Macroeconomics 60, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. (repec.org)
  • Income risk, coping strategies and safety nets ," CSAE Working Paper Series 2000-26, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford. (repec.org)
  • Behavioral responses to risk in rural China ," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1978, The World Bank. (repec.org)
  • share
  • Research has found that a large share of intra-village risk is pooled, and standard theory suggests that self-enforcing agreements, under which an individual's gain from defection is less than the long-term benefits of cooperation, are critical to the success of these risk-sharing networks (Posner 1980, Kimball 1988, Fafchamps and Lund 2003, Genicot and Ray 2003, De Weerdt and Dercon 2006, Fafchamps and Gubert 2007). (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • We're a stock-picking company at The Motley Fool, and we tend to sing the praises of investing in individual companies for the long term -- but that's not to say that stock-picking is without its fair share of risks. (fool.com)
  • entire
  • Political is an obvious example of this, the political risk that could happen to an entire industry. (fool.com)
  • But you could also get things like consumer spending, for example, that could hit retail as an entire sector really hard if all of the sudden unemployment goes up, and people don't have as much discretionary income anymore. (fool.com)
  • average
  • The study finds that on average income growth has been the major driving force behind both the declines and increases in poverty. (ciaonet.org)
  • economic
  • On the Optimality of Progressive Income Redistribution ," 2012 Meeting Papers 837, Society for Economic Dynamics. (repec.org)
  • Job Displacement Risk and the Cost of Business Cycles ," American Economic Review , American Economic Association, vol. 97(3), pages 664-686, June. (repec.org)
  • Job Displacement Risk and the Cost of Business Cycles ," 2005 Meeting Papers 188, Society for Economic Dynamics. (repec.org)