• Global sea levels would rise by 24 feet if the sheet of ice covering Greenland were to melt in its entirety tomorrow. (redorbit.com)
  • Last summer the melt was so extensive that ice core records show similar events only about once every 150 years over the last four millennia. (redorbit.com)
  • The melt was observed from the Integrated Characterization of Energy, Clouds, Atmospheric State, and Precipitation at Summit ( ICECAPS ) experiment atop the Greenland ice sheet. (redorbit.com)
  • The occurrence of such clouds tends to be underestimated by current climate models, limiting their ability to predict cloud response to Arctic climate change and possible feedback like spiking rates of ice melt. (redorbit.com)
  • Years of reduced ice growth in winter and enhanced ice melt in summer led to the dominance of first-year ice over multiyear ice after 2004 [ 13 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Ice cliffs on debris-covered glaciers act as hot spots for melt and may explain anomalously high glacier mass losses in HMA, but their temporal evolution remains unknown, hindering sound parameterizations of these features in glacier models. (pnas.org)
  • Supraglacial ice cliffs exist on debris-covered glaciers worldwide, but despite their importance as melt hot spots, their life cycle is little understood. (pnas.org)
  • Cliffs forming on the surface of debris-covered glaciers contribute to the glacier mass balance through enhanced melt rates but also affect glacier dynamics, and knowledge about their life cycle and distribution is important to predict future evolution of debris-covered glaciers ( 13 ). (pnas.org)
  • Belchansky GI, Douglas DC, Platonov NG (2004) Duration of the Arctic sea ice melt season: regional and interannual variability, 1979-2001. (springer.com)
  • Bintanja R, van Oldenborgh GJ, Drijfhout SS, Wouters B, Katsman CA (2013) Important role for ocean warming and increased ice-shelf melt in Antarctic sea-ice expansion. (springer.com)
  • But contrary to some headlines , that doesn't mean Greenland is a toxic wasteland, nor that we should be panicking about all that pollution oozing back into the sea as ice caps melt. (gizmodo.com.au)
  • One reason for this is the extreme warm conditions in the North Pacific and associated (probably) changes in the jet stream, as well as overall warming, which has caused coastal Alaska to become a warm place, glaciers to melt, and (in the farther north) sea ice to be less. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Arden and Walters reach the base with their discovery, and Arden sets up a device to melt the ice around the man. (wikipedia.org)
  • We focus on the Arctic Ocean between Svalbard and Franz Joseph Land in order to elucidate the possible role of Atlantic water (AW) inflow in shaping ice conditions. (hindawi.com)
  • On the opposite side of the Arctic Ocean the ice edge deviation from the climatic mean location was substantially smaller, for example, Figure 1 in [ 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The sequence of extreme September sea ice extent minima over the past decade suggests acceleration in the response of the Arctic sea ice cover to external forcing, hastening the ongoing transition towards a seasonally open Arctic Ocean. (springer.com)
  • Kwok R, Cunningham GF, Wensnahan M, Rigor I, Zwally HJ (2009) Thinning and volume loss of the Arctic Ocean sea ice cover: 2003-2008. (springer.com)
  • The floating cap of sea ice on the Arctic Ocean shrank this summer to what is probably its smallest size in at least a century, continuing a trend toward less summer ice, a team of climate experts reported yesterday. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Boé J, Hall A, Qu X (2009) September sea-ice cover in the Arctic Ocean projected to vanish by 2100. (springer.com)
  • The ice cover in the Arctic Ocean at the end of summer 2008 will lie, with almost 100 per cent probability, below that of the year 2005 - the year with the second lowest sea ice extent ever measured. (phys.org)
  • Because the exact atmospheric conditions which determine the weather patterns in the Arctic Ocean during the coming months are not predictable, Rüdiger Gerdes and his team have entered atmospheric data of the last twenty years into an ocean sea ice model developed at the Alfred Wegener Institute. (phys.org)
  • 2009. Thinning and volume loss of the Arctic Ocean sea ice cover: 2003-2008. (springer.com)
  • In the Arctic Ocean, water samples are difficult to obtain from ships because of the extensive ice cover and thick pressure ridges. (arcus.org)
  • Aircraft have been used for sampling the Arctic Ocean for the past half-century using bottles and internally recording CTDs attached to a cable and lowered through leads or holes drilled in the ice. (arcus.org)
  • Understanding ecological effects of sea-ice is particularly important given current and future climate change, but a major obstacle is the impracticality of manipulating sea-ice at a relevant scale. (springer.com)
  • With a known start date, monitoring benthic communities in Commonwealth Bay will allow quantification of rates of benthic regime shifts in response to sea-ice cover, and improve understanding of the vulnerability of polar ecosystems to climate change. (springer.com)
  • They concluded: "Since the genetic potential of contaminant resistance and degradation usually indicates the presence of the relevant contaminants, the Greenland ice sheet should not be considered a pristine environment, and more attention should be paid to the potential release of anthropogenic contaminants from this fast-changing environment," i.e., due to climate change. (gizmodo.com.au)
  • The survey found that climate-change-related increases in water temperature were suppressed by ice covering the water area, which also blocked oxygen supply. (go.jp)
  • The forecasts using the model agreed well with the survey results of the shortened ice period and climate-change-related increase in the BOD in spring. (go.jp)
  • In analysis of the five year period between 2001-2006, coastal areas accounted for 43 percent of all land cover change in the continental U.S. This report identifies a wide variety of land cover changes that can intensify climate change risks, such as loss of coastal barriers to sea level rise and storm surge, and includes environmental data that can help coastal managers improve community resilience. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • The ability to mitigate the growing evidence of climate change along our coasts with rising sea levels already impacting coastlines in ways not imaged just a few years ago makes the data available through the Land Cover Atlas program critically important to coastal resilience planning," said Margaret Davidson, National Ocean Service senior advisor for coastal inundation and resilience science services. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • C-CAP data identify a wide variety of land cover changes that can intensify climate change risks-for example, forest or wetland losses that threaten to worsen flooding and water quality issues or weaken the area's fishing and forestry industries. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • Climate change scenarios anticipate decreased spring snow cover in boreal and subarctic regions. (asm.org)
  • Currently, climate change is resulting in reduced spring snow cover. (asm.org)
  • Currently, climate change is resulting in altered seasonal patterns in subarctic regions ( 15 ) and patterns of snow cover worldwide ( 16 ). (asm.org)
  • As climate change is melting away most of the world's ice, Antarctica's sea ice grew this year . (popsci.com)
  • Scientists from the Scott Polar Research Institute (SPRI) have raised concerns regarding what they believe are erroneous claims of a 15% decrease in the permanent ice cover of Greenland in just 12 years. (cam.ac.uk)
  • The scientists believe that the figure of a 15% decrease in permanent ice cover since the publication of the previous atlas 12 years is both incorrect and misleading. (cam.ac.uk)
  • The scientists do not disagree with the statement that climate is changing and that the Greenland Ice Sheet is affected by this. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Some scientists are finding Lake Erie's ice cover nearly as exciting as ice fishermen do. (toledoblade.com)
  • Over the past six weeks, scientists aboard the research vessel "Polarstern" of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research have been investigating changes in ocean temperature and sea ice cover in the area of Fram Strait between Spitsbergen and Greenland. (innovations-report.com)
  • Since July 16th, scientists of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research have been working as part of an international team carrying out atmospheric chemical measurements, gathering data from the ocean and sea ice and collecting rock samples from the sea floor. (innovations-report.com)
  • The difference between the average ice area and the area that persisted this summer was about 500,000 square miles, an area about twice the size of Texas, the scientists said. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Serreze and other scientists said that more variability could lie ahead and that the area of sea ice might increase some years. (baltimoresun.com)
  • What's hot in the news around climate and sea ice and what are scientists talking about now? (nsidc.org)
  • When scientists talk about the cryosphere, they mean the places on Earth where water is in its solid form, frozen into ice or snow. (nsidc.org)
  • After the strong decrease of the Arctic ice during the last summer, climate scientists all around the world are constantly asked: how will the ice develop in the next years? (phys.org)
  • The scientists' problem: scenarios of the long-term development of sea ice clearly indicate a de-creased ice cover - exact prognoses for the following summer, however, are not yet possible. (phys.org)
  • For the study, scientists from Denmark, the Czech Republic and elsewhere collected samples of "glacial surface debris" from five locations up and down the Greenland ice sheet between May and September 2013. (gizmodo.com.au)
  • The northernmost part of the Baltic Sea, between Finland and Sweden, recently provided an ideal location for scientists to successfully address critical issues relating to sea ice validation before CryoSat is launched in September. (esa.int)
  • Scientists studying data from the Curiosity rover have found evidence for an ancient ice-covered lake in Gale Crater on Mars. (earthsky.org)
  • Scientists say the record for ice coverage, set in 1979, could soon be broken. (ktep.org)
  • If the scientists know how much photosynthesis is taking place, they know how active and productive the algae are under the ice. (umn.edu)
  • Lots to talk about here: Published on Aug 1, 2014 Arctic Emergency: Scientists Speak On Melting Ice and Global Impacts (1080p HD) This film brings you the voices of climate scientists - in their own words. (scienceblogs.com)
  • By showing how that land cover has changed over time, scientists can determine how these changes impact our plant's environmental health," said Nate Herold, a NOAA physical scientist who directs the mapping effort at NOAA's Coastal Services Center in Charleston, S.C. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • Scientists at UCL and Cambridge predict new two-dimensional ice structures on the basis of state-of-the-art computer simulations. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • This video describes why tropical ice cores are important and provide different information than polar ice cores, why getting them now is important (they are disappearing), and how scientists get them. (climate.gov)
  • Aug. 24 - Scientists say Arctic sea ice is likely to shrink to its smallest recorded size sometime next week. (reuters.com)
  • Scientists are tracking the ongoing changes in the Antarctica Peninsula ice shelves because the collapse could indicate what may happen across the entire continent. (yahoo.com)
  • Originally thought to be frozen solid, ground penetrating radar surveys in 1995 revealed a very salty liquid layer (a brine) underlying the lake's year-round 20-meter-thick ice cover. (universetoday.com)
  • And it turns out that ice cover and the snowpack on top of it are both important for a specific species of algae that has found its frozen niche. (umn.edu)
  • To investigate the effect of reduced snow cover, we experimentally removed snow from an anoxic frozen lake. (asm.org)
  • The Doctor examines the frozen man, and they determine that the "ice warrior" is an alien being. (wikipedia.org)
  • The creature identifies itself to Victoria as Varga, an Ice Warrior from the planet Mars , who has been frozen for millennia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Meanwhile, in the glacier, Varga finds four frozen comrades, revives them, and assigns them to create defensive structures and dig their craft out of the ice. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, clouds can be both thin enough to allow solar energy to pass through to the surface and thick enough to "trap" some of that heat even if it is turned back by snow and ice on the ground under particular temperature conditions. (redorbit.com)
  • Ice conditions substantially affect the temperature regime of the Spitsbergen archipelago, particularly in winter. (hindawi.com)
  • We examine spatial and temporal variation of ice concentration against time series of wind, air temperature, and AW temperature. (hindawi.com)
  • AW temperature time series in Fram Strait feature a monotonic increase after the mid-1990s, consistent with shrinking ice cover. (hindawi.com)
  • The best way to approach this ice cream is to allow it to sit at temperature for roughly 5-10 minutes. (blogspot.com)
  • To search factors responsible for the lake ice trend, the winter surface air temperature (SAT) trend over the Northern Hemisphere was calculated for the period 1973-2010 (Figure 6). (desdemonadespair.net)
  • This excessive warming of lake water temperature relative to the local surface air temperature has caused a positive ice/water albedo feedback (Wang, et al . (desdemonadespair.net)
  • We observed that the removal of snow increased light penetration through the ice, increasing water temperature and modifying microbial composition in the different depths. (asm.org)
  • Many of the observed changes since the 1950s are unprecedented in the instrumental temperature record which extends back to the mid-19th century, and in paleoclimate proxy records covering thousands of years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Climate proxies show the temperature to have been relatively stable over the one or two thousand years before 1850, with regionally varying fluctuations such as the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compare this with temperature records from the Vostok ice core, which points to an approximately 8 degree Celsius swing from glacial to interglacial times, and you can see why a couple degrees makes a large difference. (forbes.com)
  • So today's treat: Chocolate Covered Espresso Bean Ice Cream. (blogspot.com)
  • I got a hold of a huge bag of chocolate covered espresso beans in bulk last week and naturally they were involved in the ice cream making spree. (blogspot.com)
  • I took my favorite super-rich chocolate ice cream recipe, from Fran's Pure Chocolate cookbook, tarted it up with a little instant espresso powder and the chopped chocolate beans. (blogspot.com)
  • Then it is ready to be added to your ice cream maker. (blogspot.com)
  • However, if you're impatient like myself, you can pour the mixture into a stainless steel bowl sitting in an ice bath and stir occasionally until the mixture is chilled (10-15 minutes) and add to your ice cream maker. (blogspot.com)
  • Freeze the mixture in an ice cream maker according to the manufacturer's instructions. (blogspot.com)
  • I can't imagine that the texture of crunching coffee beans works in anything other than ice cream. (blogspot.com)
  • How strong is the coffee flavor in the ice cream with one tablespoon? (blogspot.com)
  • How many calories are there in Ice cream cone, chocolate covered, with nuts, flavors other than chocolate ? (acaloriecounter.com)
  • Here you will find the full nutrition facts for Ice cream cone, chocolate covered, with nuts, flavors other than chocolate including calories, protein, carbs, fat and much more. (acaloriecounter.com)
  • This option will ensure that the nutrition facts shown are 100% accurate for your specific amount of Ice cream cone, chocolate covered, with nuts, flavors other than chocolate. (acaloriecounter.com)
  • Rich coffee with cream makes coffee ice, a warm darker taupe. (wilsonart.com)
  • Cool off this summer with a refreshing scoop (or a few) of our homemade peach ice cream. (yahoo.com)
  • Offering the classic peaches-and-cream combo in every bite, this fruit-based ice cream is the perfect way to showcase bright summer flavors. (yahoo.com)
  • Jagermeister-covered ice cream, anyone? (thrillist.com)
  • If after all that you are still capable of ordering dessert, you'll find yourself confronting either a deep-fried Twinkie, or, dispensed from an actual industrial soft-serve machine, the freshest, softest, most Jagermeister-covered-ice-cream in London -- if you say you don't want that, you, sir, are a liar. (thrillist.com)
  • The ice was finally thick enough in January 2016 to begin collecting water samples. (umn.edu)
  • The Greenland ice sheet continued to lose mass in 2016, as it has since 2002 when satellite-based measurement began. (commerce.gov)
  • A thin ice cover is also more vulnerable to strong summer retreat under anomalous atmospheric forcing. (springer.com)
  • Wasteload allocation for existing and proposed pulp mills in the Athabasca River Basin of northern Alberta, Canada, necessitated measurement of the atmospheric reaeration rate, K 2 , for winter ice-cover conditions. (asce.org)
  • Apart from the variability of atmospheric quantities during the melting season, ice thickness at the beginning of the season determines the new ice minimum. (phys.org)
  • Dr. Ian Willis and Toby Benham from SPRI were able to reproduce these contours using ice thickness data. (cam.ac.uk)
  • This will be compared with ice thickness data derived using the radar altimeter on board the aircraft to determine overall accuracy. (esa.int)
  • They participate with their prognosis in an international scientific contest, in which some of the most renowned institutes on climate research want to fathom out possibilities for seasonal predictions on Arctic sea ice cover by means of different methods and climate models. (phys.org)
  • Finally, it was found that seasonal change, ice covered versus non-ice covered operation and a comparison between a H 2 S emitting pond and non-emitting pond all did not promote a measurable proliferation of sulfate-reducing bacteria nor a community shift in the sulfate-reducing bacterial population. (rsc.org)
  • Another metric of loss of seasonal average ice cover over the 1973-2011 winters is the difference (1973 minus 2011) in the regression values for 1973 and 2011. (desdemonadespair.net)
  • Analysis of 1979-2011 ice properties revealed a general tendency of decreasing ice concentration that commenced after the mid-1990s. (hindawi.com)
  • Clouds play a big role in the surface mass and energy budgets over the Greenland Ice Sheet. (redorbit.com)
  • Above all, this study highlights the importance of continuous and detailed ground-based observations over the Greenland ice sheet and elsewhere. (redorbit.com)
  • The Greenland ice sheet is vast, majestic, pristine. (gizmodo.com.au)
  • So, a group of microbial ecologists wondered if this was impacting the local flora - the diverse collection of microbes that call the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) home. (gizmodo.com.au)
  • I am not surprised to see evidence of bacteria that can degrade contaminants on the Greenland ice sheet because I have been to Greenland and have personally seen how dirty the surface ice is on some regions of the ice cap, and how contaminants are concentrated. (gizmodo.com.au)
  • In Jansson's view, the results "convincingly show that the Greenland ice sheet harbours microorganisms that have genes typical of microbes from other contaminated environments on our planet and therefore the Greenland ice sheet is not pristine. (gizmodo.com.au)
  • Algae are melting away the Greenland ice sheet. (arctichealth.org)
  • To form a protective cap, several inches of thick, dense ice - at least a half-foot or more - need to form, Mr. Lenters said. (toledoblade.com)
  • The ocean was covered by ice estimated to have been as much as a kilometer thick. (coursehero.com)
  • With ice still about eight inches thick last spring, they found high numbers of an algae species called Aulacoseira islandica . (umn.edu)
  • Be careful where you step on the ice, make sure the ice has a blue tint, is not cracked, and is very thick. (wikihow.com)
  • An exceptional type of comparison between measurements was carried out on Wednesday off the East Greenland coast, where "Polarstern" met the British research icebreaker "James Clark Ross": for the very first time in the history of sea ice research, sea ice topography was measured simultaneously from above and below. (innovations-report.com)
  • In this coordinated effort, valuable information on sea ice properties and CryoSat validation measurements were collected from the surface of the ice, and from the air using the AWI Dornier 228 and HUT SC7 Skyvan aircrafts. (esa.int)
  • In addition, a helicopter suspending an electromagnetic sensor known as EM-bird, took many kilometres worth of ice thickness measurements underlying the airborne flight path. (esa.int)
  • Because sea ice drifts as it floats in the sea, one of the most challenging tasks was to collect coincidence aircraft and helicopter measurements. (esa.int)
  • Firstly, the data collected during the campaign will help us quantify, and eventually improve the accuracy of the CryoSat sea ice measurements, and secondly, this campaign saw the first successful flights with ASIRAS at low altitude. (esa.int)
  • Can we extend local sea-ice measurements to satellite scale? (npolar.no)
  • Thinner ice in spring in turn fosters a stronger summer ice-albedo feedback through earlier formation of open water areas. (springer.com)
  • Come autumn and winter, that makes it a lot harder to grow ice, and the next spring you're left with less and thinner ice. (baltimoresun.com)
  • This is true for the Pacific sector (circa 120°E-120°W), where the most dramatic ice edge retreat was reported in 2007 and 2011 ( http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/ ). (hindawi.com)
  • Bitz CM (2008) Some aspects of uncertainty in predicting sea ice retreat, in Arctic Sea Ice Decline: observations, projections, mechanisms, and implications. (springer.com)
  • Expanding areas of open water in summer could be a boon to whales and cod stocks, and the ice retreat could create summertime shipping shortcuts between the Atlantic and Pacific. (baltimoresun.com)
  • We show results from some recent work from submarines, and speculate that the trends towards retreat and thinning will inevitably lead to an eventual loss of all ice in summer, which can be described as a 'tipping point' in that the former situation, of an Arctic covered with mainly multi-year ice, cannot be retrieved. (springer.com)
  • 2008. Reduced ice thickness in Arctic Transpolar Drift favors rapid ice retreat. (springer.com)
  • Many glacier tongues in High Mountain Asia (HMA) are heavily debris-covered ( 1 , 2 ). (pnas.org)
  • A few thousand years ago, rock debris embedded in an ice sheet had cut parallel grooves and had polished the surface of this outcrop in southern Ontario. (coursehero.com)
  • x=a+bt , where x is the ice cover (in %), t is the year starting in 1973, a is the x-intercept constant (the value of x for t =0 ( i.e. , 1973), and b is the slope of the line (namely, the rate of change in x with a time increment of t ). (desdemonadespair.net)
  • This translates to the total loss of winter lake ice coverage over the entire 39-year record (from 1973-2011) relative to 1973 in Table 4 (last row), which varies from 22% in Lake St Clair to 76% in Lake Superior. (desdemonadespair.net)
  • But as far as Bramburger's area of study - algae that supplies energy up the food chain - it was assumed that they were mostly dormant until ice-out in the spring. (umn.edu)
  • Have 'under-ice' algae species become more or less common through time? (umn.edu)
  • This species frequently attaches itself to the bottom of the ice, accessing the limited light resources very early in the season, in advance of other algae species. (umn.edu)
  • We suggest that the latitudinal sea ice gradient drives the mass-independent variations by controlling mercury photochemistry in Arctic surface waters. (nist.gov)
  • We believe 33 that the anticipated loss of Arctic sea ice during the 21st century as a result of greenhouse warming will significantly intensify the photochemical degradation of methylmercury in northern surface waters. (nist.gov)
  • Lachance said ciscoes might adapt to less ice cover and more light by spawning in deeper, darker waters, adding that more research will be needed to understand what the fish face in coming decades. (ijc.org)
  • GEORGE LESHKEVICH: The ice covers the waters. (ktep.org)
  • Moreover, aerobic organisms consume residual oxygen in the water beneath the ice ( 9 ), leading to a hypoxic-to-anoxic gradient from the lake surface to bottom waters. (asm.org)
  • Winter limnologists need strongly a textbook on lake ice physics since the ice acts as their boundary condition. (springer.com)
  • The benefit of ice extends beyond winter well into spring. (toledoblade.com)
  • The winter spatial pattern of sea ice concentration is collocated with patterns of surface heat flux anomalies. (hindawi.com)
  • Winter minimum sea ice thickness occurs in the ice pack interior above the AW path, clearly indicating AW influence on ice thickness. (hindawi.com)
  • Because of the extensive open water in recent Septembers, ice cover in the following spring is increasingly dominated by thin, first-year ice (ice formed during the previous autumn and winter) that is vulnerable to melting out in summer. (springer.com)
  • Their eggs incubate during the winter under ice and hatch the following April or May as the ice melts, said Hannah Lachance, aquatic ecology and watershed science graduate student at the University of Vermont. (ijc.org)
  • You know, considering the ecology, for instance, whitefish require a stabilized cover over their spawning beds during the winter. (ktep.org)
  • Ice fishermen have long been interested in fish activity during winter months. (umn.edu)
  • Everything is about ice these days, what with the Winter Olympics in full swing. (scienceblogs.com)
  • How to spend 4 days / 3 night in Iceland in winter with a rental car (including ice caves! (blogarama.com)
  • As ice fishing generally takes place in the winter, weather conditions can be variable or unpredictable. (wikihow.com)
  • Walking across the ice can be dangerous at night and it is easier to get caught in the dark during short winter days. (wikihow.com)
  • Granger, J. , M. G. Prokopenko , C. W. Mordy , and D. M. Sigman ( 2013 ), The proportion of remineralized nitrate on the ice-covered eastern Bering Sea shelf evidenced from the oxygen isotope ratio of nitrate , Global Biogeochem. (wiley.com)
  • But as we know from the science stations located in various parts of the massive ice shelf, there are nine different time zones in use in Antarctica. (rd.com)
  • The Larsen B Ice Shelf could shatter into hundreds of icebergs. (yahoo.com)
  • A vast Antarctica ice shelf that partly collapsed in 2002 has only a few years left before it fully disappears, according to a new study. (yahoo.com)
  • Radar data reveals that the Larsen B ice shelf could shatter into hundreds of icebergs by 2020, researchers reported Thursday (March 14) in the journal Earth and Planetary Science Letters. (yahoo.com)
  • The Larsen B ice shelf existed for 12,000 years before it fell apart in 2002, separate studies showed. (yahoo.com)
  • The ice shelf is on the Antarctica Peninsula , the strip of land that juts northward toward South America. (yahoo.com)
  • Because the ice shelf is already in the ocean, its breakup won't further boost sea level rise . (yahoo.com)
  • The northwestern part of the Larsen B ice shelf is also becoming more fragmented, the researchers said. (yahoo.com)
  • This crack marks where the ice shelf may start to break apart, the researchers said. (yahoo.com)
  • Here we have an ice shelf in the process of fragmentation, so we can keep an eye on it and learn as much as we can about the process before it disintegrates and disappears. (yahoo.com)
  • Bend the Arc Rabbi-in-Residence Aryeh Cohen said the act of civil disobedience demonstrated a refusal to accept Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) treatment of undocumented immigrants. (jewishjournal.com)
  • Inter-governmental contract whereby Alamance County agrees to house immigration detainees for the federal Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), and ICE agrees to pay the County $ 61.00 per-detainee, per-day of detention. (scribd.com)
  • We simulate the evolution of cliff systems with different aspects, show that south-facing ice cliffs disappear within a few weeks in the Northern Hemisphere, and explain the processes driving this. (pnas.org)
  • We use a 3D model of cliff evolution coupled to very high-resolution topographic data to demonstrate that ice cliffs facing south (in the Northern Hemisphere) disappear within a few months due to enhanced solar radiation receipts and that aspect is the key control on cliffs evolution. (pnas.org)
  • In this chart (click the link for an interactive, larger resolution version) from the cryosphere today we can see that we are on the 45th day in a row of daily record lows in sea ice area. (scienceblogs.com)
  • 1993. Effects of sea ice cover on acoustic ray travel times, with applications to the Greenland Sea Tomography Experiment. (springer.com)
  • Melting of the world's major ice sheets can significantly impact human and environmental conditions via its contribution to sea-level rise. (redorbit.com)
  • In order to determine ice thickness, the sea ice research group of the Alfred Wegener Institute has, over the past years, developed an airborne ice thickness sensor. (innovations-report.com)
  • In addition to contributing to CryoSat validation of sea ice, the Bay of Bothnia provided the first occasion to test the ASIRAS airborne radar altimeter using a new Low Altimeter Mode (LAM) recently implemented by Radar Systemtechnik (RST). (esa.int)
  • Finally, general warming of the Arctic has reduced the likelihood of cold years that could bring about temporary recovery of the ice cover. (springer.com)
  • Satellite images have documented a clear recession of sea ice edges in the Fram Strait region and in the Barents Sea over the last three years. (innovations-report.com)
  • We surveyed benthic communities in Commonwealth Bay approximately 3 years after continuous sea-ice cover began and found algal bed communities in severe decline. (springer.com)
  • But I can remember years on the Potomac River where the ice would start to break, and there would be these incredible noises. (ktep.org)
  • We have used this system for several years with Twin Otter fixed wing aircraft as part of the Switchyard Project, sampling a line of stations annually in the heavily ice covered region between Ellesmere Island and the North Pole. (arcus.org)
  • Ice_Ages_lecture - At its maximum about 20 thousand years. (coursehero.com)
  • Angular, unsorted fragments within the bedrock, also of glacial origin, were deposited by an ice sheet 2.4 billion years ago. (coursehero.com)
  • In a landmark study published Thursday in the journal Science, 47 researchers from 26 laboratories report the combined rate of melting for the ice sheets covering Greenland and Antarctica has increased during the last 20 years. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Seeing changes over five, 10, or even 15 years allows Land Cover Atlas users to focus on local hazard vulnerabilities and improve their resilience plans," said Jeffrey L. Payne, Ph.D., acting director for NOAA's Coastal Services Center. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • In this work, Ji, Andrea and Gerit have worked together in re-evaluating the stability of so-called two-dimensional (2D) ice, one of the most interesting and controversial topics about ice in recent years. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Since work on the extension began in 2014, fossilized remains have routinely turned up from creatures that roamed the grasslands and forests that covered the region during the last Ice Age, about 10,000 years ago. (nbcwashington.com)
  • The study uses a combination of surface-based observations, remote sensing data, and surface energy-balance models to delineate the effects of clouds on ice melting. (redorbit.com)
  • For this purpose, a British autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) scanned the underside of the sea ice using sonar, while the sea ice physicists of the Alfred Wegener Institute evaluated the ice surface as well as its thickness from above, using the helicopter-towed ice thickness sensor. (innovations-report.com)
  • Researchers think the surface warming is melting the ice shelves, triggering a cascade of events that eventually leads them to catastrophically collapse. (yahoo.com)
  • In wintertime, decreased light availability curtails photosynthesis beneath the ice ( 6 - 8 ), while ice cover also inhibits oxygen transfer from the atmosphere, both contributing to lower under-ice oxygen concentrations. (asm.org)
  • Some cover letters, says Robert Horvitz, chair of MIT's biology department search committee, may inadvertently convey negative impressions of a candidate, especially if they "look sloppy or indicate an inability to communicate in English. (sciencemag.org)
  • There's no excuse for not writing a cover letter that shows how your education, experience, and interests fit with what the institution is seeking," warns Julia Miller Vick, co-author of the Academic Job Search Handbook (University of Pennsylvania Press, July 2001). (sciencemag.org)
  • The remaining senior scientist, Arden, is on the glacier searching for archaeological finds, where he discovers an armoured man within a block of ice. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arden and his colleagues dig the ice man from the glacier. (wikipedia.org)
  • The calibration line covered ice of varying thickness, from as little as 19 centimetres to as much as 20 metres and also included ice featuring different topography, from the smooth and level to very rough ridged forms. (esa.int)
  • Thus, not only is the research showing that ice cover affects lake evaporation, but also the reverse - namely, that evaporation affects ice cover," the report said. (toledoblade.com)
  • In the 6 hours since the plot that Anthony linked to there has been yet further changes in the ice ice on Lake Michigan and Lake Ontario. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • Now a new study suggests that the lake could have been covered by ice during colder climate periods. (earthsky.org)
  • The latest analysis has found evidence for a previous ice-covered lake in Gale Crater, thought to have possibly existed in a colder period between two warmer periods of time. (earthsky.org)
  • So how did Franz and her team find the evidence for an ice-covered lake? (earthsky.org)
  • The duration of Arctic lake and river ice is determined by the dates of autumn freeze-up and spring break-up, the timing of which is strongly controlled by climate. (caff.is)
  • It should not be interpolated to a period shorter than the time series of the data from which the trends are derived, since there are decadal and multi-decadal changes in lake ice cover. (desdemonadespair.net)
  • As we lose ice cover, we're in danger of never having understood how much algal production is happening under the ice and its importance to the overall lake food web," said Bramburger. (umn.edu)
  • Unlike last year's CryoSat Validation Experiments (CryoVEx 2004), which focussed on land ice and took place in Greenland and the Canadian Arctic, the recent validation activities in the Baltic scrutinised issues relating to sea ice. (esa.int)
  • The experiment examined the possible sources of error that could arise in the sea-ice thickness maps that will be generated using data from ESA's ice mission CryoSat. (esa.int)
  • they provide the only means to reach a comprehensive assessment of how accurate CryoSat-derived ice thickness maps are. (esa.int)
  • That's pressure cracks and pressure ridging where two ice sheets come together, and they push up the ice into a ridge. (ktep.org)
  • Expert René Forsberg of the Technical University of Denmark explains the importance of ice sheets as an Essential Climate Variable to understand our changing world. (esa.int)
  • A short-term tracer-gas injection technique using propane and rhodamine-WT dye was used, with an injection apparatus designed for use through ice. (asce.org)