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  • Kinetics
  • Dynamic atomic force microscopy (dAFM) is an essential experimental tool for the study of conservative and dissipative forces on surfaces at nanometer length scales, which has major implications for the physics of biomolecular interactions, chemical bond kinetics, adhesion, wetting and capillary action, friction and elasticity on material surfaces ( 1 , 2 ). (pnas.org)
  • Minor
  • The orange highlighted region is the UDG minor groove intercalation loop apical hydrophobic residue (phenylalanine in B. subtilis, leucine in other UDGs shown) sequestered by ugi and p56. (nih.gov)
  • Molecular
  • Collectively many of Dr. Laird's contributions to soil science have provided insight into understanding soil organic matter and clay interactions and, thus, the genesis of soil peds from the molecular viewpoint. (wikipedia.org)
  • Temperature
  • The versatility of the system is controlled not only through changing temperature, but through the addition of modifying moieties that allow for a choice of enhanced hydrophobic interaction, or by introducing the prospect of electrostatic interaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the temperature of the elution increased, when the chains behave in a more hydrophobic manner, the elution times increased for each of the analytes for the given range. (wikipedia.org)
  • Where pure PNIPAAm was unable to resolve hydrophobic steroids at any temperature, IBc-grafted silica stationary phases were able to resolve steroid peaks with increasingly retarded retention times in correlation to both increased BMA content and increased temperature. (wikipedia.org)
  • mixtures
  • Here we study aqueous mixtures of short alcohols (methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, and 2-propanol) at a hydrophobic surface using interfacial statistical associating fluid theory which is a perturbation density functional theory. (rice.edu)
  • occur
  • Because of the relatively large size of enzymes and receptors, the large amount of surface area provides the basis for these weak interactions to occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • hydrophobicity
  • Hydrophobicity can be categorised based on apparent contact angle into super-hydrophilic, hydrophilic contact angle 90deg and super-hydrohpobic high contact angle + low contact angle hysteresis. (viddy.com)
  • Okano's group expanded on their success by using different modifiers to enhance hydrophobicity through the attachment of butyl methacrylate (BMA), a hydrophobic comonomer. (wikipedia.org)
  • substrate
  • Noncovalent solid-phase organic synthesis or NC-SPOS is a form of Solid-phase synthesis whereby the organic substrate is bonded to the solid phase not by a covalent bond but by other chemical interactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • EstE1F276A, which did not exist in a monomeric form, lost approximately 50% of its activity after incubation for 2 h at 80°C, suggesting that weaker hydrophobic interactions can be disrupted during heat denaturation. (nih.gov)
  • Multiple substitutions of chemically distinct amino acids at the adjacent V659 suggested that, upon closing, the native V659 side chain moves into a hydrophobic pocket but likely does not form the occluding gate itself. (nih.gov)
  • Ionic interactions form between an anion and a cation and form salt bridges that help stabilize the protein. (wikipedia.org)