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  • esters
  • Although it was originally used for the desymmetrizing hydrolysis of glutarate esters, PLE also hydrolyzes malonates, cyclic diesters, monoesters, and other substrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzyme
  • Hydrolysis relieves some of these electrostatic repulsions, liberating useful energy in the process by causing conformational changes in enzyme structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hydrolysis or cleavage of RNA can occur spontaneously, without the presence of a catalyst or enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fluorescein diacetate (FDA) hydrolysis assays can be used to measure enzyme activity produced by microbes in a sample. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the former case (desymmetrization), the chiral environment of the enzyme active site leads to selective hydrolysis of the ester that is closer to the catalytically active serine residue when the substrate is bound to the enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both strategies rely on the fact that the transition states for hydrolysis of enantiotopic or enantiomorphic ester groups by the chiral enzyme are diastereomeric. (wikipedia.org)
  • A key serine residue in the active site promotes hydrolysis, but the substrate must present an ester group to this residue after binding to the enzyme active site for hydrolysis to take place. (wikipedia.org)
  • biomass
  • A private company, Renmatix, based in King of Prussia, PA, has developed a supercritical hydrolysis technology to convert a range of non-food biomass feedstocks into cellulosic sugars for application in biochemicals and biofuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • likely to occur
  • Thus, active site models of PLE have been advanced with the goal of predicting from the structure of the substrate which of two enantiotopic ester groups will be hydrolyzed (or whether hydrolysis is likely to occur at all). (wikipedia.org)
  • process
  • Thermal hydrolysis is a process used for treating industrial waste, municipal solid waste and sewage sludge. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thermal hydrolysis is a two-stage process combining high-pressure boiling of waste or sludge followed by a rapid decompression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydrolysis of the terminal phosphoanhydridic bond is a highly exergonic process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supercritical hydrolysis can be considered a broadly applicable green chemistry process that utilizes water simultaneously as a heat transfer agent, a solvent, a reactant, a source of hydrogen and as a char-reduction component. (wikipedia.org)
  • polymer
  • In polymer chemistry, hydrolysis of polymers can occur during high-temperature processing such as injection moulding leading to chain degradation and loss of product integrity. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • water
  • I am looking for anode sheet material supplier for building small hydrolysis cells to make O2 by submerging the anodes in water. (eng-tips.com)
  • Thus
  • This feature makes RNA chemically unstable compared to DNA, which does not have this 2' OH group and thus is not susceptible to base-catalyzed hydrolysis. (wikipedia.org)