• Thus, although languages and genes are transmitted differently, combining linguistic and genetic analyses is a natural approach to studying human evolution ( 1 , 2 ). (pnas.org)
  • A team of researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has uncovered a set of genes that are turned on, or expressed, at high levels only in the blood vessels that feed tumors in mice and humans. (nih.gov)
  • They found that the more the population grew, the faster human genes evolved. (mercurynews.com)
  • Identical twins have shown scientists what parts of human development are influenced by our genes or our upbringing for example. (esa.int)
  • The sheer microbial abundance suggests that the human body is in fact a "supraorganism," a collection of human and microbial cells and genes and thus a blend of human and microbial traits. (britannica.com)
  • He said: "Interestingly, strains that jump from humans to monkeys lose genes that are known to confer adaptation to the human host. (bath.ac.uk)
  • First evidence that bacteria can acquire human genes has come to light in a new study by US researchers who found a fragment of human DNA in Neisseria gonorrhoeae , the bacterium that causes gonorrhea , one of the oldest recorded human diseases. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • After the entire human genome is sequenced, scientists still won't know which genes control which traits. (amnh.org)
  • Of the 50,000 to 100,000 pairs of genes needed to make a human being, perhaps 35,000 to 75,000 are the same in all people, and 15,000 to 25,000 may take different forms in different people, thus accounting for human variation. (tripod.com)
  • When we consider the pairs of genes that may differ among humans, we see that, beyond the genes determining skin color, black people from Africa, Australia, and the south of India are not particularly closely related to each other genetically. (tripod.com)
  • Although we know a great deal about the role of many of our genes for instance, which ones cause sickle-cell anemia no genes are known to control differences in specific behavior or in intelligence among human groups. (tripod.com)
  • To determine if the mouse findings were relevant to human cancers, the researchers then examined CD276 expression patterns in endothelial cells derived from cancer patients. (nih.gov)
  • Many researchers are interested in studying how chimpanzees hunt because, for humans, group hunting probably underpinned formation of early societies, as we transitioned from individual to collaborative foraging. (wired.com)
  • The new findings, appearing in an upcoming issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and currently available online, bring researchers a step closer to understanding obesity in humans, said Dr. Roger Unger, director of the Touchstone Diabetes Research Center at UT Southwestern and senior author of the study. (news-medical.net)
  • Now researchers observe that the more "human" a robot seems, the more active are the brain regions that think about the intentions and desires of others -- even if that other is a machine. (pbs.org)
  • An international team of researchers including scientists at the University of Bath has discovered that pathogens can move from humans to animals. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Humans today also hunt and eat chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans, humans' closest remaining living relatives, the researchers noted. (livescience.com)
  • Rather than close encounters of the intimate kind , researchers explained humans most likely got the lice, which most commonly live in pubic hair, from sleeping in gorilla nests or eating the apes. (livescience.com)
  • The researchers expected humans simply developed pubic lice on their own since this was a simpler explanation than acquiring the parasites from gorillas. (livescience.com)
  • Some researchers believe that there's a limit on how many years a human being could live, the maximum being 125. (howstuffworks.com)
  • This eating plan has proven difficult for humans to maintain, so researchers are trying to figure out how, exactly, fewer calories lengthen life. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Researchers worry that the virus could mutate into a form that would spread easily between humans. (reuters.com)
  • S tone Age humans populated the Scottish islands with red deer transported 'considerable distances' by boat, said researchers, who admitted surprise at our prehistoric ancestors' seafaring prowess. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The researchers discovered the gene transfer from human to bacteria when the Broad Institute in Cambridge, Massachusetts, sequenced the genomes of 14 gonorrhea clinical isolates and found three of them had a fragment of DNA that had an identical sequence to an L1 DNA element found in humans. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • New methods take advantage of the remarkably resilient properties of ancient DNA and allow researchers to reconstruct long-ago worlds, exploring for example how farming populations replaced hunter-gatherers in Europe, and identifying a new, mysterious kind of human, the ancient Denisovans from Siberia. (sciencemag.org)
  • This evidence allows researchers to conclude that H. habilis , a species that existed in Eastern Africa over a million years ago, exhibited a mode of locomotion very similar to that of modern humans. (tolweb.org)
  • Yet there has arisen an alternative school of thinking lead by researchers such as Erik Hollnagel and David Woods (see Joint Cognitive Systems: Foundations of Cognitive Systems Engineering ) that suggests that the attempt to clearly delineate tasks between human and machines is not only misguided, but also potentially dangerous. (vmware.com)
  • The speciation model of suppressed recombination has recently been tested by gene and DNA sequence comparisons between humans and chimpanzees, between Drosophila species, and between species related to Anopheles gambiae , the vector of malignant malaria in Africa. (pnas.org)
  • In fact, horses can make 17 facial movements - which is three more than our relatives, the chimpanzees, and just 10 fewer than humans. (cnn.com)
  • The coding, which has been used on cats, dogs, chimpanzees and humans also found specific "evolutionary parallels" in the way different species use the face to communicate. (cnn.com)
  • On 10 December 2018, the Council of Europe and the Ministry of Youth and Sport of Azerbaijan organised in Baku, a National Forum on Human Rights and Citizenship Education. (coe.int)
  • The second text book is David Reich (2018) Who we are and how we got here: Ancient DNA and the new science of the human past (Vintage Books), available at the University Bookstore. (washington.edu)
  • Guided by sophisticated stem cell technologies and CRISPR , the genome-editing powertool, small teams of scientists have begun pushing the limits of creating human-animal chimeras. (singularityhub.com)
  • Human Genome Variation is delighted to present its first Collection for the March 2019 issue. (nature.com)
  • Altogether, the recent genetic changes account for 7 percent of the human genome, according to the study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (mercurynews.com)
  • Many scientists have joined forces on the Human Genome Project. (amnh.org)
  • Since the human genome is more than 3 billion 'letters' long, this is an insanely huge job! (amnh.org)
  • So, to get a complete picture of our species' DNA, you might think that the Human Genome Project scientists have to study the DNA of millions of people -- not even close! (amnh.org)
  • The results of the Human Genome Project are published on the Internet. (amnh.org)
  • Scientists with the Human Genome Project (HGP) study only the human genome. (amnh.org)
  • Yet, Lack's cells formed the bedrock to several massive changes in medical technology among which were the discovery of HPV-18 cells later used in developing HPV vaccines, the testing of Salk's polio vaccine, the mapping of the human genome and the creation of the field of virology. (forbes.com)
  • European early modern humans ( EEMH ) is a term for the earliest populations of anatomically modern humans in Europe , during the Upper Paleolithic . (wikipedia.org)
  • My narrative of early human migration begins with the movement of the densest human populations from equatorial East Africa to the northern savannas of Africa. (historycooperative.org)
  • This competition is directed towards increasing our knowledge of the complex biological, physical, and behavioral interrelationships that led to the development of our species and that are responsible for both the shared and variable features that characterize living human populations. (nsf.gov)
  • If you increase the mobility of the groups in the places where they live, you end up increasing the gene flow between the two different populations, until eventually one population disappears as a clearly defined group,' said study co-author C. Michael Barton , an archaeologst at Arizona State University's School of Human Evolution and Social Change. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • As populations expanded into new environments, the pressures faced in those environments would have been different," said Noah Rosenberg, a human geneticist at the University of Michigan, who wasn't involved in the study. (mercurynews.com)
  • This course surveys population genetics theory as applied to the study of micro-evolutionary changes, with particular applications for human populations. (washington.edu)
  • Much of the course is about formal (i.e. mathematical) models for changes in allele frequencies over time, which will then be used to understand human evolution on ecological and evolutionary time scales, examine the ways in which genetic variability has been used to study affinities among different groups, and reconstruct the past dynamics of human populations. (washington.edu)
  • As almost every introductory textbook in physical anthropology explains, the distinctions among human populations are generally graded, not abrupt. (tripod.com)
  • Our results show that migration within geographic regions shapes phoneme evolution, although human expansion out of Africa has not left a strong signature on phonemes. (pnas.org)
  • However, the geographic distribution of phoneme inventory sizes does not follow the predictions of a serial founder effect during human expansion out of Africa. (pnas.org)
  • While anatomically modern humans (AMH) may have been present in West Asia since before 250 ka, modern non-Africans mainly descend from the main successful out of Africa expansion at around 65-55 ka. (wikipedia.org)
  • The maps and descriptions of early human migration tend to neglect migrations within Africa and include arrows suggesting a general dispersion of migrants from Africa in several directions. (historycooperative.org)
  • But while both geneticists and paleontologists carried on vigorous debates until each field had confirmed a widely accepted interpretation of the data-one that confirmed the "out of Africa" vision of human origins and dispersal-historical linguists have chosen not to give priority either to resolving their classificatory differences or to developing broad interpretations of human migration. (historycooperative.org)
  • The pace of human evolution has been increasing at a stunning rate since our ancestors began spreading through Europe, Asia and Africa 40,000 years ago, quickening to 100 times historic levels after agriculture became widespread, according to a study to be published today. (mercurynews.com)
  • After further study, Dart reached a bold conclusion: this was the fossil of a previously unknown ancestor of modern humans - Australopithecus africanus , the "Man-Ape of South Africa. (businessinsider.com)
  • Besides, it was generally believed that humans had evolved in Asia, not Africa. (businessinsider.com)
  • When modern humans came out of Africa, they did so in quite small groups, and they were spread out. (livescience.com)
  • Since the genus Homo arose in Africa about 2 million years ago, humans have swept the globe and multiplied into the dominant life form on Earth. (sciencemag.org)
  • Human beings have adapted to live in Earthly gravity. (esa.int)
  • Since embryonic cloning generates a new human life geared not for a future of human flourishing but for a future destined to servitude and certain destruction, it is a process that cannot be justified on the grounds that it may be able to assist other human beings . (vatican.va)
  • Here there is a risk of a new form of racism, for the development of these techniques could lead to the creation of a 'sub-category of human beings', destined basically for the convenience of certain others. (vatican.va)
  • she was the last female-line ancestor common to all human beings alive today. (techdirt.com)
  • Why then do human beings develop laws to prevent one person harming another? (answersingenesis.org)
  • They are the consequences of a moral decision made by human beings, and will have an end. (answersingenesis.org)
  • The basic facts about the broad patterns of human biological variation and race are fairly clear and well established: Individual human beings undeniably differ in myriad ways, and each specific difference may be important. (tripod.com)
  • A pair of cloned monkeys in China are reawakening questions… as well as fears… about whether humans will be next. (healthline.com)
  • Cloned monkeys could also make for a better animal model because of how much more similar they are to humans than other mammals. (healthline.com)
  • Even though there are these two cute baby monkeys, [it] doesn't really seem like it could count as a significant stepping stone toward human cloning," she said. (healthline.com)
  • In our tests they performed at a level very similar to monkeys and humans in the initial learning tasks. (theregister.co.uk)
  • The research, published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology , shows that green monkeys in The Gambia acquired Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) from humans. (bath.ac.uk)
  • In the study, experts isolated strains of S. aureus from the noses of healthy monkeys in The Gambia and compared the monkey strains with strains isolated from humans in similar locations. (bath.ac.uk)
  • The results showed that monkeys had acquired S. aureus strains from humans on multiple occasions," he added. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Most of the S. aureus found in monkeys were part of a clade, a group with common ancestors, which appeared to have resulted from a human-to-monkey transmission event that occurred 2,700 years ago. (bath.ac.uk)
  • These events appear to be the result of human encroachment into the monkeys' natural habitat, and probably resulted from transfer of human bacteria from hands to food that was then fed to monkeys, according to the report. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Although wild, these monkeys are very acclimated to humans, who often feed them peanuts," explained coauthor Dr Martin Antonio, Unit Molecular Biologist & Principal Investigator, Medical Research Council Unit, Banjul, who led the work in The Gambia. (bath.ac.uk)
  • The investigators found no evidence of transmission of S. aureus from monkeys to humans. (bath.ac.uk)
  • From left to right, a modern human female skull, a fragment of an older Palauan skull, and a model of a Homo floresiensis skull. (popsci.com)
  • The issue flared recently when miniature human bones were found in Indonesia and named Homo floresiensis , a.k.a. "hobbit. (popsci.com)
  • Homo floresiensis is another human ancestor who lived in Asia and could possibly have met Homo sapiens about 13,000 years ago. (techdirt.com)
  • These findings suggest that the evolution of Homo sapiens wasn't a linear progression (as depicted in many cartoons ), and there's no " missing link " in the human family tree. (techdirt.com)
  • By the time our species, Homo sapiens , emerged about 200,000 years ago, the human brain had swelled from about 350 grams to more than 1,300 grams. (businessinsider.com)
  • Homo habilis is the earliest known species in the human lineage. (tolweb.org)
  • Relethford (1994) states that the teeth of Homo habilis are thought to be larger than those of modern humans. (tolweb.org)
  • Consider this: are we ready to blur the line between man and beast, and risk creating chimeras armed with human-like brain cells? (singularityhub.com)
  • In other words, although we may be able to harvest a human pancreas from a pig, the pig's other organs - heart, liver, lungs and maybe brain - may also turn out unnervingly "human. (singularityhub.com)
  • I think a genius is just a person whose brain functions properly - not in a special way - but only just as it should - just as Mother Nature blindly but certainly intended human brains, as they come out of the box, to function. (angelfire.com)
  • He and his colleagues believe that genetically identical primates will allow for better research models for human brain diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's as well as subsequent therapies for them. (healthline.com)
  • The human brain is comprised of 1011 neurons. (archive.org)
  • The human brain is the central control of the nervous system and is highly complex. (archive.org)
  • The human brain is typically three times the size of the brain found in other mammals of an equivalent body size. (archive.org)
  • Retrieved on May 20, 2019 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/The-Human-Brain.aspx. (archive.org)
  • Scientists have begun to identify the symphony of biological triggers that powered the extraordinary expansion of the human brain. (businessinsider.com)
  • And the endocast, which was a little too large for a nonhuman ape of that age, had surface features characteristic of a human brain. (businessinsider.com)
  • By the 1950s, anthropologists had accepted that Taung was indeed a hominin and that an exceptionally large brain had not always been a distinguishing characteristic of humans. (businessinsider.com)
  • In that 3-million-year sprint, the human brain almost quadrupled the size its predecessors had attained over the previous 60 million years of primate evolution. (businessinsider.com)
  • But they tell us next to nothing about how and why the human brain grew so large so quickly. (businessinsider.com)
  • PCB poisonings in humans have caused fetal and infant death, birth defects, and brain damage in children exposed in the womb. (ewg.org)
  • How deep this social difference between humans and other primates runs isn't certain. (wired.com)
  • The essential closeness between humans and primates is making some wonder whether this research is another stride toward human cloning. (healthline.com)
  • Humans are unique among primates in that we host two different kinds of lice-one on our heads and bodies ( Pediculus ), the bane of many schoolchildren, and pubic lice ( Pthirus ). (livescience.com)
  • In collaboration with scientists who collected lice from primates in Ugandan wildlife sanctuaries, Reed and his colleagues extracted DNA from the parasites and used fossil data from humans and gorillas to estimate how long ago these two kinds of lice shared a common ancestor. (livescience.com)
  • The IHV specializes in the treatment of HIV/AIDS and other chronic viral diseases , such as Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, and the Human Papilloma Virus Infection. (ihv.org)
  • Many deadly diseases that afflict humans were originally acquired through contact with animals. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Humans acquired many of the diseases that have been among the deadliest, historically, from the livestock domesticated in the early years of civilization. (bath.ac.uk)
  • In the last few generations, the combination of increasing human encroachment on wild ecosystems, and increasing human travel has led to acquisition and spread of diseases ranging from HIV to Lyme disease. (bath.ac.uk)
  • If you look at emerging infectious diseases that affect humans all over the world, most have their origins on some other host before threatening humans," he said. (livescience.com)
  • Newman's application, filed in 1997, described a technique for combining human embryo cells with cells from the embryo of a monkey, ape or other animal to create a blend of the two -- what scientists call a chimera. (washingtonpost.com)
  • However, because of ethical concerns, this event remains difficult to study in the human embryo. (rupress.org)
  • So what if we put human stem cells into an animal embryo, let the embryo adopt the human cells and guide them towards maturity? (singularityhub.com)
  • When scientists build chimeric embryos, the human stem cell is the new car trying to enter the animal embryo highway. (singularityhub.com)
  • Slipups are fatal: either the human cells disintegrate, the embryo dies, or both parties crash and burn. (singularityhub.com)
  • Because human cells are injected into very early stage animal embryos, it's likely that the injected cells can multiply, migrate, specialize and potentially contribute to any part of the animal's body as the embryo develops. (singularityhub.com)
  • Based on the biological and anthropological status of the human embryo and on the fundamental moral and civil rule, it is illicit to kill an innocent even to bring about a good for society. (vatican.va)
  • Cloning a human embryo, while intentionally planning its demise, would institutionalize the deliberate, systemic destruction of nascent human life in the name of unknown 'good' of potential therapy or scientific discovery. (vatican.va)
  • This is one of the earliest recorded examples of adult human digit-tip regeneration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further, while only a few scholars with degrees in history have undertaken analysis of the earliest human migrations, the comprehensive methodological approach associated with world history has been important in developing new insights into early human history. (historycooperative.org)
  • Human ecological theory is probably one of the earliest theories of the family and yet, it also contains many new and evolving elements that have emerged as we have begun to realize how the natural and human created environments affect our behavior, and how individuals and families in turn, influence these environments. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Linguistic data are often combined with genetic data to frame inferences about human population history. (pnas.org)
  • However, little is known about whether human demographic history generates patterns in linguistic data that are similar to those found in genetic data at a global scale. (pnas.org)
  • Worldwide patterns of genetic variation are driven by human demographic history. (pnas.org)
  • The regional geographic axes of greatest phonemic differentiation correspond to axes of genetic differentiation, suggesting that there is a relationship between human dispersal and linguistic variation. (pnas.org)
  • Hawks and his colleagues from the University of California-Irvine, the University of Utah and Santa Clara gene-chip maker Affymetrix examined genetic data collected by the International HapMap Consortium, which cataloged single-letter differences among the 3 billion letters of human DNA in people of Nigerian, Japanese, Chinese and European descent. (mercurynews.com)
  • Human microbiome , the full array of microorganisms (the microbiota) that live on and in humans and, more specifically, the collection of microbial genomes that contribute to the broader genetic portrait, or metagenome, of a human. (britannica.com)
  • To [the list of world injustices] we must add irresponsible practices of genetic engineering, such as the cloning and use of human embryos for research, which are justified by an illegitimate appeal to freedom, to cultural progress, to the advancement of mankind. (vatican.va)
  • Recent genetic evidence suggests there was some interbreeding between ancient modern humans and Neanderthals, confirming there was at least some contact. (livescience.com)
  • This is the first time that a direct transfer of genetic material from bacteria to human has ever been recorded. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In addition, studies of the human family tree based on detailed genetic analysis suggest that traits such as skin color are not even good indicators of who is related to whom, because the trains occur independently in several branches of the human family. (tripod.com)
  • The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office rejected the claim, saying the hybrid -- designed for use in medical research but not yet created -- would be too closely related to a human to be patentable. (washingtonpost.com)
  • But in an age when science is increasingly melding human and animal components for research -- already the government has allowed many patents on "humanized" animals, including a mouse with a human immune system -- the decision leaves a crucial question unanswered: At what point is something too human to patent? (washingtonpost.com)
  • NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (nih.gov)
  • A major kink in earlier research was figuring out what kind of human cells to use, and how to put them in at the right time. (singularityhub.com)
  • AIDS Research and Human Retrovirus (ed. (nature.com)
  • The Human Origins: Moving In New Directions (HOMINID) competition will support large scale, long term, integrative research and infrastructure projects through awards of up to $500,000 per year for up to five years. (nsf.gov)
  • Q: Much of your research is about human emotional attachment to robots. (forbes.com)
  • ESA offers other environments to test theories and research the human body. (esa.int)
  • Stem-cell research on bone marrow also benefits from human spaceflight research. (esa.int)
  • Embryonic cloning accomplished for biomedical research or producing stem cells contributes to assaults against the dignity and integrity of the human person. (vatican.va)
  • Collecting began in 2016 following the launch of the Human Gene-Editing Initiative by the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Medicine to facilitate decision making for the responsible use of human gene-editing research. (archive.org)
  • Although it appears perfectly safe for your dog, research suggests that it's toxic to humans in high doses ( 1 ). (healthline.com)
  • Through research to develop a canine cancer test, Petscreen discovered that a similar test could be applied in humans. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Petscreen has already launched a test to diagnose lymphoma in dogs and the business, which has won almost £100,000 of government-backed funding for its research, is now developing a simple blood test to determine if a human has early-stage lymphoma. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Research papers on cannabis are appearing at an average rate of more than one per day and about a third of them deal with effects in humans. (springer.com)
  • The VHE is part of our research project on User Interfaces for the Visible Human . (umd.edu)
  • As a result, the field of home economics , now often called human ecology, has produced much of the contemporary research using this theoretical perspective. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This work continues, with the human ecological framework being a major perspective in research and theory development in the twenty-first century. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Directed individual reading and research in a selected area of human ecology. (lsu.edu)
  • Research reports and discussion of current topics and issues in human ecology. (lsu.edu)
  • Research methods and applications in human ecology. (lsu.edu)
  • The UTMB Health General Clinical Research Center (GCRC) has a longstanding interest in the human porphyrias. (utmb.edu)
  • As an intellectual discipline, geography is divided into the sub-fields of physical geography and human geography, the latter concentrating upon the study of human activities, by the application of qualitative and quantitative research methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • It recognizes that understanding of the processes and pathways of human evolution requires input from a wide range of disciplines which examine our species from multiple perspectives and across both time and space. (nsf.gov)
  • These Stone Aged people could be a new species in human evolution, and they show that Neanderthals had plenty of company in Asia. (techdirt.com)
  • Rather than a tree, I think the model for human evolution would more resemble a bramble! (techdirt.com)
  • In subsequent decades, by uncovering and comparing other fossil skulls and endocasts, paleontologists documented one of the most dramatic transitions in human evolution. (businessinsider.com)
  • Scientists Bienvenido Martínez-Navarro and Policarp Hortolà at the Catalan Institute of Human Paleoecology and Social Evolution in Tarragona, Spain, noted the migration of modern humans across the globe may have played a role in the extinction of more than 178 of the world's largest mammal species or megafauna, such as woolly mammoths . (livescience.com)
  • Understanding the history of lice is important because they and other parasites yield valuable hints about the lifestyles of human ancestors and the evolution of modern humans , Reed said. (livescience.com)
  • A significant question about human evolution revolves around the kind of environment members in this lineage resided in. (tolweb.org)
  • It also raises profound questions about the differences -- and similarities -- between humans and other animals, and the limits of treating animals as property. (washingtonpost.com)
  • For humans, collaboration is rewarding for its own sake, a behavioral split that may underlie key differences between human and chimpanzee societies. (wired.com)
  • This diversity manifests in differences in microbial composition not only from one human to the next but also between matching body parts, such as the right and left hands, of the same individual. (britannica.com)
  • The now fairly distinct differences between the subfields of physical and human geography have developed at a later date. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, because of the possibility that avian influenza A viruses could change and gain the ability to spread easily between people, monitoring for human infection and person-to-person spread is extremely important for public health. (cdc.gov)
  • CDC currently recommends a neuraminidase inhibitor for treatment of human infection with avian influenza A viruses. (cdc.gov)
  • Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by human papillomavirus . (encyclopedia.com)
  • The idea of growing human organs in animals has been around for a long time but, due to technical challenges, only recently have attempts started taking off. (singularityhub.com)
  • This is a list of the books about humans as animals which I thought were at least somewhat helpful which were assigned for MIT courses which did not have any useful slides, PDFs, audio files or links and which I, therefore, eliminated. (google.com)
  • Still, if you're interested in humans as animals and you don't know a whole lot about animals, this might be a good place to start. (google.com)
  • If this represents a fundamental difference between humans and other animals, it could help explain why humans evolved to be better problem solvers, and use a wider range of habitats. (wired.com)
  • Angiosperms are as important to humans as they are to other animals. (britannica.com)
  • Corn provides food for humans and domesticated animals, and its derivatives (e.g., cornstarch and corn oil) are used in making cosmetics , adhesives, varnishes , paints , soaps , and linoleum . (britannica.com)
  • For example, by making robots look like humans or cute animals, we may develop emotional affinity toward the machines. (forbes.com)
  • And to be clear, these robot models do not resemble humans or animals at all: they're tracked and clawed. (forbes.com)
  • Sion Bayliss, Postdoctoral Researcher also at Bath working on the project added: "Our study is consistent with previous work showing that transmission of this bug from humans to animals is often more common than the other way around. (bath.ac.uk)
  • As humans encroach ever more steadily into natural ecosystems, the risk increases that pathogens will be transmitted from humans to animals, or vice versa," Pallen concluded. (bath.ac.uk)
  • If archaic humans were butchering or scavenging those animals 3.3 million years ago, it would be a simple thing to transfer those lice from prey to predator. (livescience.com)
  • Wound licking is an instinctive response in humans and many other animals to an injury. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Nigel Benjamin, a clinical pharmacologist with St. Bartholomew's Hospital and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, claims that licking wounds is as beneficial to humans as it is to animals. (psychologytoday.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has found another unusual way animals can get humans sick. (cnn.com)
  • Burrows says that there is growing evidence to suggest that animals do indeed communicate intentionally, not just with each other - but with humans as well. (cnn.com)
  • It makes sense because humans domesticated these animals, but it's fascinating. (cnn.com)
  • I t was known that late Stone Age humans had transported cattle, sheep and pigs by boat, but not large wild animals, and not over such vast distances. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Among these animals, early members in the human lineage preyed on lizards, tortoises, pigs, rabbits, young antelope and fish from the nearby lake. (tolweb.org)
  • Vocal learning is characteristic of a number of animals, including humans, dolphins, whales and birds. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) self-organize into apicobasally polarized cysts, reminiscent of the lumenal epiblast stage, providing a model to explore key morphogenic processes in early human embryos. (rupress.org)
  • The controversial experiments hope to grow human organs inside pig embryos, from stem cells made with a patient's skin cells. (singularityhub.com)
  • I am thinking in particular of attempts at human cloning with a view to obtaining organs for transplants: these techniques, insofar as they involve the manipulation and destruction of human embryos, are not morally acceptable, even when their proposed goal is good in itself. (vatican.va)
  • Seifert has been studying gonorrhea for 28 years, focusing mostly on how it evades the human immune system by changing its appearance and altering the way that human white blood cells behave. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • There are some human organs and tissues that regenerate rather than simply scar, as a result of injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transplantation of human organs and tissues, which saves many lives and restores essential functions for many otherwise untreatable patients, both in developing and developed countries, has been a topic for ethical scrutiny and health care policy-making for more than thirty years. (who.int)
  • The CD8-FITC/CD4-PE/CD3-PECy5 cocktail consists of three anti-human antibodies CD3-PECy5, CD4-PE, and CD8-FITC which enables the researcher to obtain percentages of mature human T lymphocytes (CD3+),helper/inducer (CD3+CD4+) T lymphocytes, and suppressor/cytotoxic (CD3+CD8+)T lymphocytes in erythrocyte-lysed whole blood. (emdmillipore.com)
  • But Newman's human-animal chimeras would have greater utility in medicine, for drug and toxicity testing and perhaps as sources of organs for transplantation into people. (washingtonpost.com)
  • That's why people say humans have been eating grains for about 10,000 years. (blogspot.com)
  • It was thought leptin itself would be a key to curing obesity in humans, but the hypothesis did not readily translate into weight loss in obese people. (news-medical.net)
  • In Allen's view, humans can pull a trillion tons of carbon-rich fossil fuels out of the ground and burn them with risks that have been deemed acceptable by most people. (wired.com)
  • When studying how people interact with robots in different situations, I use an interdisciplinary approach to understand the social dimensions of learning and human experience, including how we work and live with robots and other emerging technologies. (forbes.com)
  • The information scientists are learning from experiments in space and on Earth are improving our knowledge of the human body and benefitting people on Earth. (esa.int)
  • the technology also facilitates the process of comparing DNA sequences of microorganisms isolated from different parts of the human body and from different people. (britannica.com)
  • Human pubic or 'crab' lice get transmitted between people on bath towels all the time. (livescience.com)
  • The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is expanding and accelerating its contributions to scientific knowledge of human health and the environment, and to the health and well-being of people everywhere. (nih.gov)
  • Human geography is the branch of geography that deals with the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across space and place. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of physical characteristics and the lack of ancestral hobbit fossils, Berger believes that both his skeletons and the hobbits are simply small H. sapiens -and that the variety of human size is greater than originally thought. (popsci.com)
  • These folks were nicknamed 'Hobbits' because they're the smallest human species ever discovered. (techdirt.com)
  • But it is intriguing, Jarvis notes, "that an ancient gene like FoxP2 appears to have something to do with learned vocalizations both in humans and in birds. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Human Physiology is a featured book on Wikibooks because it contains substantial content, it is well-formatted, and the Wikibooks community has decided to feature it on the main page or in other places. (wikibooks.org)
  • The report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the scope and content of the relevant human rights obligations related to equitable access to safe drinking water and sanitation under international human rights instruments. (un.org)
  • The genomes that constitute the human microbiome represent a remarkably diverse array of microorganisms that includes bacteria , archaea (primitive single-celled organisms), fungi , and even some protozoans and nonliving viruses . (britannica.com)
  • Bacteria are by far the most numerous members of the human microbiome: the bacterial population alone is estimated at between 75 trillion and 200 trillion individual organisms, while the entire human body consists of about 50 trillion to 100 trillion somatic (body) cells . (britannica.com)
  • Much like human food, dog food can be contaminated with bacteria that can make you sick . (healthline.com)
  • You've heard me say that I believe grains aren't an ideal food for humans. (blogspot.com)
  • CDC has posted avian influenza guidance for health care professionals and laboratorians , including guidance on the use of antiviral medications for the treatment of human infections with novel influenza viruses associated with severe disease. (cdc.gov)
  • But, leaving the larger philosophical questions behind, there remain numerous health issues posed by human cloning for both the clones themselves and their surrogates. (healthline.com)
  • Knowledge of the human microbiome expanded appreciably after 2007, the year the Human Microbiome Project (HMP)-a five-year-long international effort to characterize the microbial communities found in the human body and to identify each microorganism's role in health and disease-was launched. (britannica.com)
  • Doctors at the Mayo Clinic, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the University of Minnesota, the University of Wisconsin, and state and local health departments say that this disease can cause feverish symptoms in humans who contract it. (redorbit.com)
  • Vitamin C is an essential nutrient, critical for good skin health and immune function in humans. (healthline.com)
  • HONG KONG (Reuters) - The latest bird flu virus that killed a 39-year-old bus driver in the southern Chinese city of Shenzhen over the weekend is not yet transmissible between humans, Chinese health authorities said. (reuters.com)
  • In 1976, the manufacture of PCBs was banned in the United States because of concern for human health impacts, but are still widely found in the general population of the U.S. (ewg.org)
  • When we address human factors in relation to health and safety, we're aiming to optimise human performance and reduce human failures. (hse.gov.uk)
  • The vision of the NIEHS is to use environmental health sciences to understand human disease and improve human health. (nih.gov)
  • While the negative aspects of new technology have widely been highlighted within the mental health sector, new tech has also moved towards a language which reflects the human body and psychology. (forbes.com)
  • Interestingly, this fossil displays a modern human characteristic: the stout basal bone of the big toe is aligned with the other toes (Isaac & Leakey 1969). (tolweb.org)
  • One goal of the competition is to develop a portfolio of awards that reflects the multiple approaches to the understanding of human origins. (nsf.gov)
  • This is not the first application of linguistic data to the interpretation of human dispersal, though I argue that this interpretation is distinct in its conclusions and more systematic in its approach than previous interpretations. (historycooperative.org)
  • Human rights education - understood as educational programmes and activities that focus on promoting equality in human dignity - has an important function in the shaping of a citizenship meaningful to all Europeans, as well as in the shaping of a global conscience that regards everyone as equal in dignity. (coe.int)
  • Human embryonic cloning, even when done in the name of bettering humanity, is still an affront to the dignity of the human person. (vatican.va)
  • WHEREAS , Section 11, Article II of the 1987 Philippine Constitution provides that the State values the dignity of every human person and guarantees full respect for human rights. (google.com)
  • WHEREAS , the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action of the World Conference on Human Rights (June 1993) and the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women (September 1995) reaffirm the equal rights and inherent human dignity of women and men, and particularly the human rights of women as an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of all human rights and fundamental freedoms. (google.com)
  • That is why show is the "mother of HUMANITY, humans. (techdirt.com)
  • It seems strange that it should be rejected for faith in a system developed by human ability which contradicts that experience, one in which life is meaningless, humanity of no importance, and cruelty, disease and death the norm. (answersingenesis.org)
  • Create or revise a simulation to test a solution to mitigate adverse impacts of human activity on biodiversity (LS4-6). (google.com)
  • Design, evaluate, and refine a solution for reducing the impacts of human activities on the environment and biodiversity ( LS2-7). (google.com)
  • But there's something else that's introduced when we introduce automation: new forms of complexity and impacts to human cognition. (vmware.com)
  • Seventy to ninety percent of all cells in the human body are microbial cells! (amnh.org)
  • By some estimates, the human microbiota may consist of a total of 900 or 1,000 different species of microorganisms, making for an extraordinarily diverse collection of microbial genomes. (britannica.com)
  • Generally humans, in vivo, can regenerate injured tissues for limited distances of up to 2mm. (wikipedia.org)
  • The government generally respected the human rights of its citizens. (state.gov)
  • But newer methods are allowing scientists to fine-tune those percentages, putting the patent office in an awkward position of being the federal arbiter of what is human. (washingtonpost.com)
  • In theory scientists could try to recreate the niche in humans to help stem cells grow after injury. (singularityhub.com)
  • In the years that followed, scientists described a number of other microorganisms isolated from the human body, including in 1898 the species Veillonella parvula , a bacterial member of the oral, digestive, urinary, and upper respiratory flora, and in 1900 bifidobacteria, members of the intestinal flora. (britannica.com)
  • In the first three years of the project, scientists discovered new members of the human microbiota and characterized nearly 200 different bacterial member species. (britannica.com)
  • Scientists discovered that female adult mosquitoes were "entertained" by the song and often attacked humans less often than those insects which were not exposed to the song. (nme.com)
  • For instance, scientists have not discovered Neanderthal bones with cut marks on them from ancient modern human stone tools. (livescience.com)
  • Some scientists think that telomerase , an enzyme that mends protective coverings on cells, is the answer, while some would-be centenarians have begun injections of human growth hormone , hoping they will stop the body from aging. (howstuffworks.com)
  • When human injection of carbon into the atmosphere reaches 1 trillion tons, dangerous climate change with average global warming of more than 2 Celsius degrees will likely occur, a new analysis finds. (wired.com)
  • Identify the human failures that could be made in the task which might lead to an accident of incident and the performance influencing factors that make those failures more or less likely to occur. (hse.gov.uk)
  • Where possible you should aim to design out the potential for human failure and design in the potential for recovery should human failure occur. (hse.gov.uk)
  • Rare human infections with some avian viruses have occurred most often after unprotected contact with infected birds or surfaces contaminated with avian influenza viruses. (cdc.gov)
  • But it's the second trillion tons of fossil fuels, largely in the form of coal and oil shale, that will determine how recklessly humans play with the climate system. (wired.com)
  • Most of the north Atlantic was switching from bitterly cold to nearly as warm as the present day every few thousand years, sometimes in less than a decade, and so Neanderthals had to deal with an extremely unstable climate in western Europe before modern humans arrived there," Stringer said. (livescience.com)
  • After reading this chapter, the students should have a clear idea about what human geography is and what human geographers do. (slideshare.net)
  • Due to a perceived lack of scientific rigor in an overly descriptive nature of the discipline, and a continued separation of geography from its two subfields of physical and human geography and from geology, geographers in the mid-20th century began to apply statistical and mathematical models in order to solve spatial problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major funding for The Human Spark is provided by the National Science Foundation, and by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. (pbs.org)
  • Managing human error [184KB] Postnote: a report from the Parliamentary office of Science and Technology, June 2001 Number 156: available via the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology's website. (hse.gov.uk)
  • A Cambridge Uni prof has provocatively suggested that sheep aren't actually as thick as a Fair Isle woollen sweater, and can match humans in the tricky task of identifying food amid a confusion of buckets. (theregister.co.uk)
  • Incredibly, the sheep were able to find nourishment in the same number of attempts it takes a monkey or a human, viz: seven. (theregister.co.uk)
  • Recent discoveries have provided much new information on the emergence and spread of modern humans. (historycooperative.org)
  • Simultaneously juggling a quartet of plots is hardly unusual for the modern major drama, but "Humans" doesn't wring much life (artificial or otherwise) from any of them. (variety.com)
  • For instance, in Shanidar Cave in Iraq, "there's a rib wound that's suggested to be from a spear that came from above, and spear-throwing appears to be an advance linked with modern humans," Stringer said. (livescience.com)
  • The problem is, we don't know if there were any modern humans in the vicinity at the time, so that could've been produced by another Neanderthal, perhaps one standing over and thrusting downward against a victim who is on the ground. (livescience.com)
  • In his case, he likely inhaled infectious pathogens of bovine tuberculosis, a mycobacterium that can sicken humans, while removing a dead deer's infected organs, the CDC said. (cnn.com)
  • I'm assuming that the difference between so-called geniuses and other humans, then, is NOT that the geniuses' brains work better than they should but that they work, while the brains of other humans either don't work AS well or only work well in limited, specialized ways or in even more limited unspecialized ways. (angelfire.com)
  • I have no solid data indicating that geniuses' brains are actually just relatively unflawed, while most human brains are actually crippled to different extents (except the literally amazing but well documented, maybe perversely voluntary but still apparent inability of most humans to see quite a few simple, critically important relationships), but that's what I think. (angelfire.com)
  • 5. Ante-natal care and birth Caring for the newborn baby Baby needs to be kept warm: large surface area means the baby loses heat quicker than an adult Baby needs physical contact Humans have a very long 'childhood' in relation to other mammals. (slideshare.net)