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  • species
  • Some researchers have made the suggestion that this previously unknown species may in fact be a direct ancestor of modern humans (or at least closely related to a direct ancestor). (thefullwiki.org)
  • Some experts use evidence from the genome in addition to the Toumaï fossil to argue that the species associated with the divergence between chimpanzees and proto-humans interbred over a long period of time, swapping genes, before making a final separation. (thefullwiki.org)
  • real humans
  • Real Humans (Swedish: Äkta människor) is a 2012 Swedish science fiction/drama series set in an alternative near-future version of Sweden where consumer-level humanoid robot workers and servants are widespread. (wikipedia.org)
  • A far-right political movement, the "real humans", arises in opposition to the encroachment of hubots upon human society. (wikipedia.org)
  • modern humans
  • This category is contrasted with anatomically modern humans, which include the subspecies Homo sapiens sapiens and Homo sapiens idaltu. (wikipedia.org)
  • Archaics are distinguished from anatomically modern humans by having a thick skull, prominent supraorbital ridges (brow ridges) and the lack of a prominent chin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nonetheless, according to recent genetic studies, modern humans may have bred with "at least two groups" of ancient humans: Neanderthals and Denisovans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chris Stringer of the Natural History Museum in London has suggested that these people could be a result of mating between Denisovans and modern humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to one definition, Homo sapiens is a single species comprising several subspecies that include the archaics and modern humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other taxonomists prefer not to consider archaics and modern humans as a single species but as several different species. (wikipedia.org)
  • The earliest known fossils of anatomically modern humans such as the Omo remains from 195,000 years ago, Homo sapiens idaltu from 160,000 years ago, and Qafzeh remains from 90,000 years ago are recognizably modern humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The anthropologist Ashley Montagu said that the fetalized pithecanthropine represented by the juvenile Mojokerto skull and the fetalized australopithecine represented by the juvenile Australopithecus africanus skull would have had skulls with a closer resemblance to those of modern humans than to those of the adult forms of their own species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Montagu further listed the roundness of the skull, thinness of the skull bones, lack of brow ridges, lack of sagittal crests, form of the teeth, relative size of the brain and form of the brain as ways in which the juvenile skulls of these human ancestors resemble the skulls of adult modern humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • adult
  • For example, the high leg-to-body ratio (long legs) of adult humans as opposed to human infants shows that there is not a holistic trend in humans towards neoteny when compared to the other great apes. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is one of the earliest recorded examples of adult human digit-tip regeneration. (wikipedia.org)
  • This means that these species can develop into full grown, reproductively capable adult worms within the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans who ingest eggs from any of these four species of Taenia become intermediate hosts, or places where the eggs can mature into larvae but not into adult worms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Homo
  • Humans (люди) of the Noon Universe created by Boris and Arkady Strugatsky are mostly identical to Homo sapiens. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetic
  • The National Human Genome Research Institute conducts genetic and genomic research, funds genetic and genomic research and promotes that research to advance genomics in health care. (genome.gov)
  • Linguistic data are often combined with genetic data to frame inferences about human population history. (pnas.org)
  • However, little is known about whether human demographic history generates patterns in linguistic data that are similar to those found in genetic data at a global scale. (pnas.org)
  • Worldwide patterns of genetic variation are driven by human demographic history. (pnas.org)
  • The regional geographic axes of greatest phonemic differentiation correspond to axes of genetic differentiation, suggesting that there is a relationship between human dispersal and linguistic variation. (pnas.org)
  • Thus, although languages and genes are transmitted differently, combining linguistic and genetic analyses is a natural approach to studying human evolution ( 1 , 2 ). (pnas.org)
  • All humans of Noon Universe have identical genetic structure, but the inhabitants of Saraksh have a unique sensivity to the so-called "Emanation" which is uncharacteristic for other humans, e.g. from Earth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abstract
  • Since Strugatsky were generally more interested in what happened around them than in an abstract future prospects, most of the human civilizations on Noon Universe are approximately in the Earth's 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • Because this disease so rarely occurs in humans, it took a long time for it to become recognized within the population, and species differentiation among the four different types is still somewhat difficult. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, this parasitic infection causes a variety of symptoms, depending on where the cyst occurs. (wikipedia.org)
  • percentages
  • But newer methods are allowing scientists to fine-tune those percentages, putting the patent office in an awkward position of being the federal arbiter of what is human. (washingtonpost.com)
  • I don't think anyone knows in terms of crude percentages how to differentiate between humans and nonhumans," said John Doll, a deputy commissioner for patents. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The CD8-FITC/CD4-PE/CD3-PECy5 cocktail consists of three anti-human antibodies CD3-PECy5, CD4-PE, and CD8-FITC which enables the researcher to obtain percentages of mature human T lymphocytes (CD3+),helper/inducer (CD3+CD4+) T lymphocytes, and suppressor/cytotoxic (CD3+CD8+)T lymphocytes in erythrocyte-lysed whole blood. (emdmillipore.com)
  • blood vessels
  • A team of researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has uncovered a set of genes that are turned on, or expressed, at high levels only in the blood vessels that feed tumors in mice and humans. (nih.gov)
  • These studies demonstrate that CD276 is overexpressed in the blood vessels of a variety of human cancers," says St. Croix. (nih.gov)
  • traits
  • However, humans also have relatively large noses and long legs, both peramorphic (not neotenic) traits. (wikipedia.org)
  • 150). Doug Jones, a visiting scholar in anthropology at Cornell University, said that human evolution's trend toward neoteny may have been caused by sexual selection in human evolution for neotenous facial traits in women by men with the resulting neoteny in male faces being a "by-product" of sexual selection for neotenous female faces. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other theorists have argued that neoteny has not been the main cause of human evolution, because humans only retain some juvenile traits, while relinquishing others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infection
  • The IHV specializes in the treatment of HIV/AIDS and other chronic viral diseases , such as Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, and the Human Papilloma Virus Infection. (ihv.org)
  • Coenurosis is a parasitic infection that results when humans ingest the eggs of dog tapeworm species Taenia multiceps, T. serialis, T. brauni, or T. glomerata. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important to distinguish that there is a very significant difference between intestinal human tapeworm infection and human coenurosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with coenurosis do not develop a tapeworm infection because the larvae of coenurosis-causing parasites cannot develop into worms inside of humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Africa
  • Our results show that migration within geographic regions shapes phoneme evolution, although human expansion out of Africa has not left a strong signature on phonemes. (pnas.org)
  • However, the geographic distribution of phoneme inventory sizes does not follow the predictions of a serial founder effect during human expansion out of Africa. (pnas.org)
  • Most human cases occur in developing countries such as India and Sub Saharan Africa where the dog population is not controlled or treated for tapeworm, and in areas lacking proper sanitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • NHGRI
  • The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) has appointed Carolyn Hutter, Ph.D. the director of the Division of Genome Sciences - the NHGRI division that leads research aiming to understand the function of the human genome in health and disease, and seeks technologies that facilitate genomic discoveries. (genome.gov)
  • Alex
  • Humans Being" was included on both the Twister soundtrack - along with an instrumental by Eddie and Alex, "Respect the Wind" - and the band's Best Of - Volume I compilation, although the version used in the video for the soundtrack release is an edit with 3:28 of the 5:10 length of the album version, removing several solo sections, a bridge, and shortening the ending. (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans Being", which was written with Alex as Sammy wrote a ballad with Eddie, "Between Us Two", was originally named by the singer as "The Silent Extreme" but Alex eventually gave it the new title. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • However, limited availability of such in vitro fertilization samples and the inability to perform mechanistic analyses in this type of model continue to hinder studies of peri-implantation human development. (rupress.org)
  • Opposition
  • The ban highlights the lingering limits on free speech in our country and the continued attempts to censor our story of resistance against gross human rights violations," claimed Paga Hill community leader and lawyer Joe Moses, the main character in The Opposition film who had to seek exile in the United Kingdom after fighting for his community's rights. (blogspot.com)
  • Moses said: "We appreciate the PNG Human Rights Film Festival for choosing to screen The Opposition film at their Madang and Port Moresby screenings. (blogspot.com)
  • announce
  • an upcoming webcast to announce NHGRI's new strategic planning process and the loss of Dr. Arno Motulsky, a prominent and highly accomplished human and medical geneticist, and a founder of the field of pharmacogenomics. (genome.gov)
  • founder
  • Humans Only was result of a partnership between Earthstar founder Craig Wuest and Utica, New York-based guitarist and songwriter Dan Hapanowicz (credited as Daniel Happ), who replaced longtime guitarist Dennis Rea on this album. (wikipedia.org)
  • closely
  • The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office rejected the claim, saying the hybrid -- designed for use in medical research but not yet created -- would be too closely related to a human to be patentable. (washingtonpost.com)
  • evolution
  • The Journal of Human Evolution concentrates on publishing the highest quality papers covering all aspects of human evolution . (elsevier.com)
  • The Earth's humans are assumed to have developed from the local pre-historic microorganisms as a part of natural evolution process described by Charles Darwin. (wikipedia.org)
  • These neotenic changes may have been brought about by sexual selection in human evolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jones said that this type of sexual selection "likely" had a major role in human evolution once a larger proportion of women lived past the age of menopause. (wikipedia.org)
  • Montagu said that the retention of these juvenile characteristics of the skull into adulthood by australopithecine or pithecanthropine could have been a way that a modern type of human could have evolved earlier than what actually happened in human evolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • For humans, adaptation to varying climatic conditions includes both physiological mechanisms resulting from evolution and behavioural mechanisms resulting from conscious cultural adaptations. (wikipedia.org)
  • beings
  • Other recurring themes include the appreciation of nature and the great outdoors, the desire to better oneself, and peace between human beings. (wikipedia.org)
  • sheep
  • Intermediate hosts such as rabbits, goats, sheep, horses, cattle and sometimes humans get the disease by inadvertently ingesting tapeworm eggs (gravid proglottids) that have been passed in the feces of an infected canid. (wikipedia.org)
  • novel
  • In developing the strategic plan, the institute will engage experts and diverse public communities to identify paradigm-shifting areas of genomics that will expand the field into new frontiers and enable novel applications to human health and disease. (genome.gov)
  • The first novel was published under the title Humans as Gods in 1966 by Lenizdat, in the storybook collection The Hellenic Mystery by different authors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clement
  • Chicago review: 'The Humans' at American Theater Company" Chicago Tribune, November 18, 2014 The Humans lortel.org, accessed May 3, 2016 Hetrick, Adam and Clement, Olivia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Humans' Finds Its Broadway Home and Sets Dates" Playbill, November 24, 2015 Clement, Olivia. (wikipedia.org)
  • drama
  • The Humans was a finalist for the 2016 Pulitzer Prize for Drama and won the 2016 Tony Award for Best Play. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stephen Karam's Family Drama 'The Humans' Readies for Broadway" Playbill, January 3, 2016 Viagas, Robert. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body
  • Hubot skin feels similar to human skin and is kept at normal human body temperature, but beneath the skin are metal components and a blue fluid/lubricant known as HubFluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neoteny in humans is the slowing or delaying of body development, compared to non-human primates, resulting in features such as a large head, a flat face, and relatively short arms and legs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neoteny of the human body is indicated by glabrousness (hairless body). (wikipedia.org)
  • More information is now known regarding the passive replacement of tissues in the human body, as well as the mechanics of stem cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim for these techniques is to be used in the near future to regenerate any tissue in the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • High temperatures pose serious stress for the human body, placing it in great danger of injury or even death. (wikipedia.org)
  • When environmental temperature is above core body temperature, sweating is the only physiological way for humans to lose heat. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • 6. The primary purpose of medical research involving human subjects is to understand the causes, development and effects of diseases and improve preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic interventions (methods, procedures and treatments). (wma.net)
  • Researchers
  • Researchers and clinicians are sequencing human genomes faster than ever, so considering the societal implications of genomic data and what we can learn from it is even more crucial. (genome.gov)
  • To determine if the mouse findings were relevant to human cancers, the researchers then examined CD276 expression patterns in endothelial cells derived from cancer patients. (nih.gov)
  • muscles
  • This is what also causes goose bumps since humans do not have very much hair and the contracted muscles can easily be seen. (wikipedia.org)
  • When humans ingest these eggs, the eggs develop into tapeworm larvae that group within cysts known as coenuri, which can be seen in the central nervous system, muscles, and subcutaneous tissues of infected humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hosts
  • Humans are the definitive hosts for some tapeworm species, the most common being T. saginata and T. solium (beef and pork tapeworms). (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, the four species that cause human coenurosis can only grow into mature, reproductively capable worms inside their definitive hosts, canids such as dogs, wolves, foxes and coyotes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Department of Healt
  • NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (nih.gov)
  • crimes
  • Arriving there at the world Sigma humans and their allies become witness of the cruel war crimes of the "Destroyers" and become a combatant party. (wikipedia.org)
  • After a brief relationship with Astrid, Niska returns to the Hawkins and asks to be tried as a human for her crimes. (wikipedia.org)
  • National Human Gen
  • The National Human Genome Research Institute today launched a new round of strategic planning that will establish a 2020 vision for genomics research aimed at accelerating scientific and medical breakthroughs. (genome.gov)
  • appear
  • Also, on the cover art of the original issue, the words "sole" and "bottle of humans" appear to be pasted on. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, humans appear physiologically well adapted to hot dry conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • The following planets had a local human civilization when Earth's explorers arrived: Arkanar Giganda Hope (local human civilization at the brink of extinction) Pant Saraksh (neighboured by Golovans) Saula Earth is assumed to be the origin of human race, since it was the oldest and most technologically advanced planet in the known Universe of 22nd century. (wikipedia.org)
  • original
  • Further, those hubots reprogrammed by original hubot creator David Eischer have started to develop feelings, desires and their own goals, attaining an apparent capacity for free will and independence from humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans inhabit numerous planets, but their original homeworld is probably Earth, others being populated by humans, presumably, as a result of Wanderers' manipulations. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • 5. Medical progress is based on research that ultimately must include studies involving human subjects. (wma.net)
  • early
  • Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) self-organize into apicobasally polarized cysts, reminiscent of the lumenal epiblast stage, providing a model to explore key morphogenic processes in early human embryos. (rupress.org)
  • band
  • Humans Only is the fourth full-length album (1982) by the American electronic band Earthstar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans Being" is a song recorded and contributed by the rock band Van Halen for the film, Twister. (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans were a new wave band from Santa Cruz, formed in 1976 as The Mysterious People. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Our lab group analyzes health issues that connect humans, animals and the environment. (theconversation.com)
  • Our findings suggest that as backyard chicken farming spreads, states need to develop regulations to better protect animal welfare and human health. (theconversation.com)
  • 7. Medical research is subject to ethical standards that promote and ensure respect for all human subjects and protect their health and rights. (wma.net)
  • limits
  • It also raises profound questions about the differences -- and similarities -- between humans and other animals, and the limits of treating animals as property. (washingtonpost.com)
  • contrast
  • Brian K. Hall also cites the long legs of humans as a peramorphic trait, which is in sharp contrast to neoteny. (wikipedia.org)
  • reviews
  • 1 Recently published research and systematic reviews have reinforced the conclusion that breastfeeding and human milk are the reference normative standards for infant feeding and nutrition. (aappublications.org)
  • The Humans opened Off-Broadway at the Laura Pels Theatre on September 30, 2015 in previews, and officially on October 25, 2015 in a limited run produced by the Roundabout Theatre Company, with positive reviews, and ran until January 3, 2016. (wikipedia.org)
  • sometimes
  • They are still often naive and unworldly and sometimes fail to understand the nuances of complex human behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • The Institute of Human Virology (IHV) was co-founded and is directed by Robert C. Gallo, M.D. , the eminent scientist who became world famous in 1984 when he co-discovered that HIV was the cause of AIDS and developed the HIV blood test. (ihv.org)
  • album
  • That album was never released, and a shorter, somewhat pared-down version was recorded for Humans Only. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bottle of Humans is the debut studio album by American hip hop artist Sole. (wikipedia.org)
  • Raised by Humans is an album by folk artist "Spider" John Koerner, released in 1992. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rebuilt by Humans is the second album by British singer-songwriter Newton Faulkner. (wikipedia.org)
  • result
  • There are some human organs and tissues that regenerate rather than simply scar, as a result of injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • American
  • A New York scientist's seven-year effort to win a patent on a laboratory-conceived creature that is part human and part animal ended in failure Friday, closing a historic and somewhat ghoulish chapter in American intellectual-property law. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Fear
  • It is still the most, well, human play I've ever seen about fear and disappointment and the attachments that transcend them. (wikipedia.org)
  • story
  • As a human rights defender, Mogerema has been invited to the 2018 Annual Human Rights and People's Diplomacy Training Programme for Human Rights Defenders from the Asia-Pacific Region and Indigenous Australia organised by the Diplomacy Training Programme (DTP) and the Judicial System Monitoring Programme (JSMP) to share his story of the illegal land grab, eviction and demolition of his community. (blogspot.com)
  • research
  • But in an age when science is increasingly melding human and animal components for research -- already the government has allowed many patents on "humanized" animals, including a mouse with a human immune system -- the decision leaves a crucial question unanswered: At what point is something too human to patent? (washingtonpost.com)
  • 1. The World Medical Association (WMA) has developed the Declaration of Helsinki as a statement of ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects, including research on identifiable human material and data. (wma.net)
  • The WMA encourages others who are involved in medical research involving human subjects to adopt these principles. (wma.net)
  • 10. Physicians must consider the ethical, legal and regulatory norms and standards for research involving human subjects in their own countries as well as applicable international norms and standards. (wma.net)
  • 12. Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted only by individuals with the appropriate ethics and scientific education, training and qualifications. (wma.net)
  • standards
  • Breastfeeding and human milk are the normative standards for infant feeding and nutrition. (aappublications.org)
  • Thanks to a combination of advanced technology and higher standards of living, humans from Earth exhibit abilities that would be considered superhuman by contemporary standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • free
  • It is shameful that our government continues to limit free speech and put such pressure on our country's only annual arts and human rights event. (blogspot.com)
  • The series follows the resulting emotional effects on two families as well as the trials of a group of robots who have attained free will and want their freedom from human ownership. (wikipedia.org)