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  • atrophy
  • The Drummond lab utilizes a host of molecular biology techniques and functional assays to further enhance the understanding of the mechanisms involved in metabolic dysfunction and muscle atrophy in aging skeletal muscle and in response to physical inactivity. (utah.edu)
  • glucose uptake
  • Isoleucine is another important amino acid which has been shown to support glucose uptake in muscles 2 , which has ramifications for blood glucose control. (mrsupplement.com.au)
  • Although a number of animal studies, most of which used rat skeletal muscles, have shown that a single bout of ES can activate both insulin-independent ( 11 , 31 , 37 , 49 ) and -dependent glucose uptake ( 9 , 40 ), it has not been examined whether similar metabolic effects can be achieved by ES of human skeletal muscle. (physiology.org)
  • induce
  • Repeated static contractions (RSC) induce large fluctuations in tissue oxygen tension and increase the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). (diva-portal.org)
  • rehabilitation
  • Carello C, Silva PL, Kinsella-Shaw JM, Turvey MT (2008) Muscle-based perception: theory, research and implications for rehabilitation. (springer.com)
  • lower limb
  • The myoelectric controller used electromyography (EMG) of lower limb muscles to produce a proportional control signal for the hip exoskeleton. (frontiersin.org)
  • Subjects reduced muscle activity relative to the unpowered condition for a greater number of lower limb muscles using myoelectric control compared to the biological hip torque control. (frontiersin.org)
  • mechanical
  • Surface EMG is the most widely used tool for indirect assessment of mechanical activity of muscle, but it fails to disclose muscle's morphological changes. (hindawi.com)
  • The successful completion of any human physical movement requires the transformation of chemical energy into mechanical energy in skeletal muscles at rates appropriate to their needs. (tailieu.vn)
  • activation
  • No study has examined Akt and ERK activation with increasing numbers of intense muscle contractions in humans. (bsu.edu)
  • Dick and Wakeling recorded medial gastrocnemius tendon length, fascicle length, pennation angle, and thickness using ultrasonography and muscle activation using surface EMG during cycling [ 15 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Supplemental protein intake is known to enhance gains in muscle mass through activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway, which initiates protein translation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • consequence
  • In the past, there has been considerable interest in identifying differential control mechanisms underlying the lengthening and shortening contractions due to observations of different neuromuscular and biomechanical outcomes as the consequence of the two types of contractions. (frontiersin.org)
  • breakdown
  • The decreases in phosphocreatine (approximately 50%), and increases in glucose 6-phosphate (approximately 3-fold) and lactate (approximately 8-fold) were similar during contraction and occlusion, indicating similar degrees of anaerobic ATP turnover and glycogen breakdown. (biomedsearch.com)
  • tissue
  • Skeletal muscle tissue accounts for almost half of the human body mass and, in addition to its power-generating role, is a crucial factor in maintaining homeostasis. (tailieu.vn)
  • Effect
  • Cornwall MW (1994) Effect of temperature on muscle force and rate of muscle force production in men and women. (springer.com)
  • We agree with Ian Shrier that the finding of an effect of stretching on risk of muscle, ligament and tendon injuries should be interpreted with caution. (bmj.com)
  • That is why we wrote "The finding of an effect of stretching on muscle, ligament and tendon injury risk needs to be considered cautiously because muscle, ligament and tendon injury risk was a secondary outcome, and there was no evidence of an effect of stretching on the p. (bmj.com)
  • We believe that it was appropriate to report the observed effect on muscle, ligament and tendon injuries with an explicit acknowledgement of the uncertainty associated with this finding. (bmj.com)
  • Turns out that uncomfortable feeling, otherwise known as delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), is actually a pretty normal side effect of the muscle rebuilding process. (greatist.com)
  • implications
  • Regardless of whether one accepts the finding that stretching reduces risk of muscle, tendon and ligament injuries, the implications would appear to be the same. (bmj.com)