Loading...
  • exposure
  • Exposure to emissions, residues and chemicals that are side effects of industrial processes can cause health hazards for your employees and visitors to your workplace. (sgs.com)
  • The practice of assessing chemical exposure risks in order to support regulatory decisions is a relatively recent development in human history. (cdc.gov)
  • It defines the practice of risk assessment today, taking the reader through hazard and exposure analysis, risk characterization, the management of risk, and the public's reaction to risk. (cdc.gov)
  • The question of the possible risk to health by long-term exposure to weak fields became a concern in that even small health effects could have profound public health implications. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Human exposure is, therefore, likely to occur in occupational and environmental settings. (rti.org)
  • In humans and experimental animals, UVR exposure, including within the ambient environmental range, causes both localised and whole-body immunosuppression (4). (who.int)
  • The purpose of this document is to identify any potential public health implications resulting from inhalation of volatile organic compounds in Garfield County and recommend actions to reduce the exposure, if necessary. (garfield-county.com)
  • We consider the full spectrum potential health effects that may occur from different types of pesticide exposure, from eye and skin irritation to cancer and birth defects. (epa.gov)
  • Land application of biosolids containing TCS has the potential to contribute to multiple direct and indirect human health exposure pathways. (environmental-expert.com)
  • This risk assessment incorporates global exposure information combined with a Monte Carlo analysis to determine the most significant routes of exposure, utilization of a multi-species, multi-route physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model to estimate internal dose metrics, benchmark modeling to determine a point of departure (POD), and a margin of safety (MOS) evaluation to compare the estimates of intake with the POD. (ovid.com)
  • PCBs and organochorine pesticides), human consumption of seafood that have bioaccumulated sediment‐derived contaminants is a well‐established exposure pathway. (environmental-expert.com)
  • This study assessed the risks posed by noroviruses (NoVs) in surface water used for drinking, domestic, and recreational purposes in South Africa (SA), using a quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) methodology that took a probabilistic approach coupling an exposure assessment with four dose-response models to account for uncertainty. (environmental-expert.com)
  • The two evaluations document the widespread prevalence and high concentrations of PCBs in and along the two-mile section of river and the significant human health and environmental risks from exposure to those PCBs. (epa.gov)
  • Teenagers growing up near portions of the river face a 1 in 1,000 cancer risk due to exposure to contaminated riverbank soils. (epa.gov)
  • This estimated risk assumes exposure to PCB-contaminated surface sediments in the river. (epa.gov)
  • This estimated risk assumes springtime and summertime exposure to PCB-contaminated riverbank soils and floodplain soils. (epa.gov)
  • This estimated risk assumes springtime and summertime exposure to PCB-contaminated soils while walking and playing on the riverbanks in the vicinity of the GE plant between the Newell Street and Elm Street Bridges. (epa.gov)
  • Tumor incidence data from long-term animal studies also provides reasons for concern about the effect of OTA exposure on the human population. (mdpi.com)
  • This article provides a review of the natural occurrence of OTA in animal feed, and an update of the human exposure to OTA contaminated food of animal origin, mitigation practices in the feed industry, and regulatory measures being taken in Europe. (mdpi.com)
  • impacts
  • The range of certain or possible health impacts of stratospheric ozone depletion are listed in Table 8.1, with a summary evaluation of the evidence implicating UVR in their causation. (who.int)
  • Oil and gas activity within Garfield County has generated public concern with regard to impacts on both the environment and public health. (garfield-county.com)
  • Opening this dialogue through research and presentation of findings from a 'neutral' third party will promote an informed discussion of the real and perceived impacts of extractive industries and could serve as a focal point for collaborative resolutions to community and industry concerns over the balance between the risks and benefits of natural resource extraction. (garfield-county.com)
  • This report discusses results for a screening-level risk assessment of potential human health impacts from inhalation of air toxics (i.e. (garfield-county.com)
  • Technological advances (e.g. directional drilling, hydraulic fracturing), have led to increases in unconventional natural gas development (NGD), raising questions about health impacts. (organicconsumers.org)
  • evaluate
  • Its goal is the collection of data in sufficient quantity and quality to determine current site conditions, support a risk assessment for the site surfaces, and evaluate what further remedial action is required to achieve permanent closure of these three sites that will protect both human health and the environment. (unt.edu)
  • Traditionally, the Toxic Equivalency Factor (TEF) Methodology, a component mixture method, has been used to evaluate human health risks posed by these mixtures. (epa.gov)
  • EPA's
  • Protecting human health is at the core of EPA's mission. (epa.gov)
  • These risk evaluations, which were peer reviewed and endorsed by EPA Headquarters, support EPA's position that the entire two-mile section of river may present an imminent and substantial endangerment to human health and the environment. (epa.gov)
  • concern
  • Often, public perception of potential health risks becomes an overriding concern. (garfield-county.com)
  • H. pullorum could become a public health concern, said Ahmed, because of the cancer-causing potential, and because "in countries like India, H. pullorum from poultry could be multi-resistant already because of the prevailing animal husbandry practices. (eurekalert.org)
  • potential
  • Using the latest software and imaging techniques, our human health risk assessment uses computer mapping to simulate potential pollution pathways. (sgs.com)
  • But while pets can benefit our health in a number of ways, they also have the potential to spread infection and cause human illness. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This evaluation is routinely conducted by CDPHE toxicologists and epidemiologists to address concerns from local citizens about potential health effects from air pollution in the area, primarily as a result of the dramatic increase in oil and gas development activities. (garfield-county.com)
  • We examine whether a pesticide has the potential to cause harm to humans, and if so, under what circumstances. (epa.gov)
  • However, since the surrounding areas are developing rapidly, the potential environmental risk of metals will intensify and should receive more attention. (hindawi.com)
  • The present paper discusses the impact of OTA on human and animal health, with special emphasis on the potential risks of OTA residue in animal products, and control strategies applied in the feed industry. (mdpi.com)
  • consumption
  • The metal concentrations of most samples were lower than the national standard values of the FAO (USA), which suggested that human consumption of these species may not cause health risks. (hindawi.com)
  • chapter
  • This chapter recounts the history and evolution of human health risk assessment, tracing the development of tools and models that made it possible, as well as the factors in society that made it indispensable. (cdc.gov)
  • Garfield County
  • In 2008, St. Mary's Saccomanno Research Institute and Mesa State College, with the help of communities in Garfield County, released  a study of health risks related to oil and gas industry activities. (garfield-county.com)
  • study
  • And in May 2013, a study published in the journal Circulation linked pet ownership to reduced risk of heart disease . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Our study suggests that chickens could be a major source for transmission of emerging MDR pathogen, H. pullorum , from poultry to humans," the investigators concluded. (eurekalert.org)
  • Normal laboratory mice are not a good model for assessing the health risk to humans from well-done meat and fish, says a new study. (medindia.net)
  • The study suggested that researchers might be underestimating the health risk to humans from heat-treated foods while testing on mice. (medindia.net)
  • Using results from laboratory mice to predict health risk to humans consuming food mutagens can therefore be underestimated, the study concluded. (medindia.net)
  • conduct
  • Using information that summarizes the range of relative toxicities of the DLCs, the U.S. EPA suggests that conduct of a sensitivity analysis be considered to illustrate the impact the TEFs have on the predicted risk. (epa.gov)
  • dose
  • We use these dose levels to calculate what an equal dose in would be in humans. (epa.gov)
  • hazard index
  • Young children playing for just one summer in the river in portions of the lower section - specifically, a ½-mile area between the Elm Street and Dawes Avenue Bridges - face noncancer risks 200 times higher than the hazard-index level EPA considers safe. (epa.gov)
  • Children, ages 5 to 12, who live or play alongside the river between the Elm Street and Dawes Avenue Bridges face noncancer risks 90 times higher than the hazard-index level EPA considers safe. (epa.gov)
  • Teenagers who live or play alongside the river face noncancer risks 200 times higher than hazard-index level EPA considers safe. (epa.gov)
  • A nine-year-old child who consumes one meal of fish from the Housatonic River each week for just one summer faces noncancer risks about 900 times higher than the hazard-index EPA considers safe. (epa.gov)
  • Commonly
  • Hookworm infection in humans most commonly causes a skin condition called cutaneous larva migrans, in which the hookworm larvae penetrate the skin. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • environment
  • A resource for kids, parents, and teachers to find fun and educational materials related to health, science, and the environment we live in today. (nih.gov)
  • For related articles and more information, please visit OCA's Environment and Climate Resource Center page , Farm Issues page , and our Health Issues page . (organicconsumers.org)
  • gaps
  • This Working Group report summarizes the discussions of an expert scientific panel regarding the gaps in knowledge that impede effective human health risk assessment for nanomaterials, particularly those that are suspended in a gas or liquid and, thus, deposit on skin or in the respiratory tract. (rti.org)
  • support
  • The list is organized to draw government's attention to develop new health policies that support basic and advanced R&D by funding agencies, and also by private sectors in new antibiotic development. (i4u.com)
  • results
  • The results showed that the incidence of intestinal tumours increased from 31 per cent to 80 per cent in "human-like" mice who consumed substances from meat crust (i.e. the surface formed during heat-treatment). (medindia.net)
  • focus
  • In addition, the focus on public health was predominantly associated with concerns about infectious disease up until about the mid-twentieth century. (cdc.gov)
  • These evidence reports focus on human health risks for long-duration and exploration spaceflights. (nationalacademies.org)