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  • genetic
  • This is hailed as a genetic breakthrough for mammal cloning. (infoplease.com)
  • Nobel Prize-winning geneticist Joshua Lederberg advocated cloning and genetic engineering in an article in The American Naturalist in 1966 and again, the following year, in The Washington Post . (wikipedia.org)
  • And while the document supports somatic cell gene therapy -- that is, in cells other than reproductive cells -- it comes down against genetic modifications of the reproductive cell lines 'in the present state of research' because they are too risky and would be transmitted to potential offspring. (scientificamerican.com)
  • To evaluate the accuracy of this genetic reprogramming, The Penn group analyzed Oct4 expression in cloned mouse embryos derived from cells that surround ovulated eggs in adult mice, cells that would not normally express Oct4. (scienceagogo.com)
  • An alternative is to take the stem cells from embryos that carry a genetic defect for specific diseases. (fightaging.org)
  • After all, argue proponents, if an infertile couple desires to pass on their genetic inheritance by producing clones of one or both partners, shouldn't they be able to exercise their right of choice in the newly emerging biotech marketplace? (alternet.org)
  • Moreover, we are told not to be overly concerned, because even though the clone will have the exact same genetic makeup as the original, it will develop differently because its social and environmental context will be different from that of the donor. (alternet.org)
  • Genetic engineering might also be used to create a clone designed to be "like me but better" in some predetermined way. (hubpages.com)
  • As a noun, a clone is an identical genetic copy of either a piece of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), a cell, or a whole organism. (encyclopedia.com)
  • As a verb, "to clone" means to produce identical genetic copies of either pieces of DNA, cells, or whole organisms. (encyclopedia.com)
  • At other times, embryos are frozen in order to be transferred into a surrogate mother who carries the pregnancy to term for another couple, or to give sufficient time for genetic examination of some of the embryonic cells for the purpose of transferring only high quality embryos through the elimination of those found defective, or lastly in order to store valuable living ceils for experimental use or other instrumental purposes. (physiciansforlife.org)
  • The new technologies of human genetic engineering are among the most consequential technologies ever developed. (geneticsandsociety.org)
  • We strongly urge as well that the United States join with other countries, under the auspices of the United Nations, to work towards an international convention that would ban dangerous applications of the new genetic technologies, while encouraging the many applications judged to contribute to the improvement of human well-being. (geneticsandsociety.org)
  • A particular worry is the possibility that the genetic material used from the adult will continue to age so that the genes in a newborn baby clone could be - say - 30 years old or more on the day of birth. (globalchange.com)
  • The Bush stem cell lines were derived more than eight years ago using old-fashioned techniques and have since then accrued many serious genetic abnormalities. (thehastingscenter.org)
  • Typically, along with genetic engineering and cloning, these technologies constitute the kind of 21st century advances that make this the century of Biology. (stemcellclinic.net)
  • organs
  • Five piglets are cloned by a company the eventually wants to reproduce organs for humans. (infoplease.com)
  • Some believe that it is possible to grow human organs outside a body, or perhaps in the body of another animal, that could then be harvested for transplanting into humans. (ethicsdaily.com)
  • tissue
  • The term is generally used to refer to artificial human cloning, which is the reproduction of human cells and tissue . (wikipedia.org)
  • The practical definition of a stem cell is the functional definition - the ability to regenerate tissue over a lifetime. (bionity.com)
  • Embryonic stem cell lines (ES cell lines) are cultures of cells derived from the epiblast tissue of the inner cell mass (ICM) of a blastocyst or earlier morula stage embryos . (bionity.com)
  • If they would be able to be used to treat other humans, it would seem that the objection of tissue rejection has been solved. (lifeissues.org)
  • 1) The aim of stem cell research is to produce a biological repair kit, tools that will allow age- and illness-damaged tissue to be repaired or replaced. (fightaging.org)
  • Human tissue legislation is complex. (scielo.org.za)
  • An exhaustive understanding of the law, thorough understanding of human tissue biology and pathophysiology and an appreciation of the diversity of the areas covered in this field, is critical. (scielo.org.za)
  • Concerning human tissue legislation, the law has traditionally struggled to match the pace of scientific and technological advances. (scielo.org.za)
  • This includes for example much of assisted reproductive technology, cell-based therapy and tissue banks. (scielo.org.za)
  • vitro
  • Properties of stem cells can be illustrated in vitro , using methods such as clonogenic assays , where single cells are characterized by their ability to differentiate and self-renew. (bionity.com)
  • Human embryos, conceived in vitro and in numbers exceeding the possibility of simultaneous transfer into the mother's body (so-called 'surplus' embryos), are frozen to allow for possible repetition of the embryo transfer in the not infrequent case of failure on the first attempt or in those cases where it is postponed. (physiciansforlife.org)
  • in vitro maturation and fertilization, in vitro embryo culture, embryo freezing, embryo biopsy and sexing by PCR, embryonic manipulation with special regard to nuclear transfer (cloning). (unite.it)
  • My current area of research is nuclear reprogramming and the epigenetic modification of DNA induced on early embryos by cloning and other in vitro manipulations. (unite.it)
  • donor
  • For example the Nature 2009 report on the birth of non-human primates (3) showed undetectable levels of spindle donor mtDNA, but there are sufficient studies showing carry-over for the effectiveness of this technique to be questioned, along with concerns for the outcomes when this is 'tested' out on humans. (cmf.org.uk)
  • In a worse case scenario, if the donor woman, whose embryo was frozen, had AIDS and you extract the embryonic stem cells and use them to treat another person, that person would also have AIDS. (lifeissues.org)
  • They believe it would eliminate the biological rejection that could occur by transplanting stem cells into patients from a mismatched donor. (wired.com)
  • A single type of primitive stem cell transplanted from donor mice gave rise to both blood-forming and bone-forming cells in recipient mice. (fightaging.org)
  • The DNA of the donor cell undergoes 'reprogramming' by the egg to its embryonic state and division ensues the early 8-celled blastocyst stage is reached. (biotecharticles.com)
  • A stable cell line can be created to genetically match the donor through various harvesting and culturing and can become potentially all types of cell of the human body. (biotecharticles.com)
  • In both of these stem-cell applications there are no adverse effects to the donor of the adult stem cells. (stemcellclinic.net)
  • nucleus
  • In this case, each embryo was created by taking a nucleus from a skin cell (donated by Wood and a colleague) and inserting it into a human egg from which the nucleus had been removed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite the successful cloning of sheep, pigs and cats, mammalian cloning - in which an ordinary cell's nucleus is transferred to an egg whose nucleus has been removed - remains remarkably inefficient. (scienceagogo.com)
  • Cloning requires the precise reprogramming of the nucleus inserted into an enucleated egg," said Schöler, professor of animal biology and director of Penn's Center for Animal Transgenesis and Germ Cell Research. (scienceagogo.com)
  • Apparently Mitalipov and his team have succeeded because they carefully synchronized the cell cycles of the adult cell nucleus and the recipient embryonic cytoplasm. (lifeissues.net)
  • Thirty-one had their nucleus removed and replaced with a nucleus from the person whom he wanted to clone. (lifeissues.org)
  • Since the nucleus of virtually every animal cell contains the entire genome of the animal, it might seem easy enough to clone an animal by placing the nucleus in an egg cell from which the nucleus has been removed. (encyclopedia.com)
  • babies
  • A report written by a California panel recommends that legislators ban human reproductive cloning, but approves of cloning that doesn't make babies that could benefit medical research. (wired.com)
  • Many on the left worry that human cloning, embryonic stem cell research and, soon, designer babies, lay the groundwork for a new form of biocolonialism, in which global life science companies become the ultimate arbiters of the evolutionary process itself. (alternet.org)
  • Even if a few cloned babies are born apparently normal we will have to wait up to 20 years to be sure they are not going to have problems later -for example growing old too fast. (globalchange.com)
  • mammalian
  • Prior to this feat, it had been thought that normal mammalian development caused irreversible changes in some portion of the DNA that prevented it from acting as embryonic DNA does. (encyclopedia.com)
  • cures
  • Q: Are adult stem cells currently providing cures for disease? (marymeetsdolly.com)
  • I'd say just as a very clear comment, we are all for cures and everybody is for cures of ailments that are affecting human society, that are affecting people in this country and around the world. (votesmart.org)
  • And I'm fearful that in the great intent that people have in moving forward with human cloning that what they're failing to do is to look at the human species as having inherent dignity and something that's worth standing up for and worth fighting for, instead -- in looking for cures, turning people into property and into research animals and spare parts. (votesmart.org)
  • Senator Brownback and I may have different views about stem cell research -- and that debate will take place sometime in the Senate in the near future -- but we are in complete agreement on the need to ban human cloning, which is very different than stem cell research and the procedures used to try to find cures for diseases. (votesmart.org)
  • Catholics
  • Though many Christian denominations are opposed to the cloning of embryonic cells, Catholics, who believe in the sanctity of life even in the unfertilized human egg, have been the most vocal about the issue. (synonym.com)
  • Roman Catholics, evangelicals and many mainline Protestant churches oppose cloning for a variety of reasons. (nytimes.com)
  • make
  • While embryonic stem cell research is 'a grave moral disorder,' the document notes that parents may make use of a 'vaccine which was developed using cell lines of illicit origin' when the health of a child is at stake as long as they voice their disapproval and request alternatives. (scientificamerican.com)
  • As important as it is to consider questions of the extent of moral respect due to the human pre-embryo, proponents of non-reproductive cloning claim that the potential benefits of stem cell technologies make it equally important to consider the cost of not using embryonic cells,' the report says. (wired.com)
  • That they are just clones, elites clones to make money for them They can be scrapped and placed with a new one if they don't dance with their pipes. (auricmedia.net)
  • A moratorium would allow time for alternatives to research cloning to be investigated, for policy makers and the public to make informed judgments, and for regulatory structures to be established to oversee applications that society might decide are acceptable. (geneticsandsociety.org)
  • to use cloning to make a new animal. (whyfiles.org)
  • This firm is working on genetically educating cows to make human antibodies (see #1 in the bibliography ) in their milk. (whyfiles.org)
  • On the other hand, some Christians cite the teachings of Jesus and say that cloning could be the way to heal the sick and make the blind see. (synonym.com)
  • I hope that whatever the outcome is with stem cell research that we can find a way to pass a complete ban on human cloning to make clear that this should be illegal. (votesmart.org)
  • The panel's chair -- Dr. Leon Kass, a bioethicist on leave from the University of Chicago who is now affiliated with the conservative think tank American Enterprise Institute --said that the panel will not rush to make a recommendation on cloning regulations, despite the fact that the Senate is scheduled to debate legislation banning the procedure this spring. (californiahealthline.org)
  • opposition
  • The first principle is well known for driving opposition to abortion and embryonic stem cell research. (scientificamerican.com)
  • But for many in Congress, and in the scientific community and the biotech industry as well, opposition is solely based on the fact that the cloning technique is still unsafe and could pose a risk of producing a malformed baby. (alternet.org)
  • What unites social conservatives and progressives on cloning issues is their commitment to the intrinsic value of life and their opposition to what they perceive to be a purely utilitarian perspective on biotech issues. (alternet.org)
  • Both groups come together in opposition to cloning -- but for different reasons. (alternet.org)
  • The Catholic Church, in particular, has voiced strong opposition against cloning. (synonym.com)
  • 2002
  • Here are some text from the company called Clonaid and they blatantly told you that they have cloned people from 2002. (auricmedia.net)
  • I'm glad his interest in cloning is being revealed now, since he was a pioneer in his views about it back in 2002 and his fans ought to know about it. (auricmedia.net)
  • The announcement, which came after more than a year of study, reinforces a vote taken by the German parliament in 2002 that outlaws cloning. (dw.com)
  • In 2002, a bizarre sect of spaceship-worshipping Raelians claimed that "Baby Eve," the clone, had already been born. (whyfiles.org)
  • 2000
  • California has been the leader in the debate on cloning since it became the first state in the union to publicly address the subject of human cloning in January 2000 when the panel had its first meeting . (wired.com)