• Once domestic birds are infected, avian influenza outbreaks can be difficult to control and often cause major economic damage to poultry farmers in affected countries, since mortality rates are high and infected fowl generally must be destroyed -- the technical term is "culled" -- in order to prevent the spread of the disease. (fao.org)
  • For more on what FAO is doing to help, visit the Animal Production and Health Division's special Web site on Avian Influenza and the Asian outbreaks. (fao.org)
  • While the Jiangsu case is the first time the H7N4 strain has infected a human, earlier outbreaks attributed to different bird flu viruses have led to significant loss of life. (health.news)
  • In 1933, Riddle demonstrated that an avian pituitary factor that promoted growth of the pigeon crop-sac was identical to a mammalian pituitary factor that earlier had been found to initiate and maintain milk secretion in mammals. (oup.com)
  • Because kestrels depend on small mammals and insects for their diet, this avian species is susceptible to poisoning associated with pest management practices. (fsu.edu)
  • Wetlands used for double-crop rice production, where free-grazing duck feed year round in rice paddies, appear to be a critical factor in HPAI persistence and spread. (cdc.gov)
  • Despite fears of an emerging influenza pandemic, human cases observed in Vietnam, Thailand, and Cambodia ( 1 ), and the severe socioeconomic losses in the poultry industry, the principal risk factors associated with the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) epidemic, which started in 2003 in eastern and southeastern Asia, are still poorly understood. (cdc.gov)
  • Case finding of H7N7 infections in humans was initiated under the auspices of the Dutch Ministry of Public Health, Welfare, and Sport (The Hague, The Netherlands). (pnas.org)
  • Infectious diseases of crops and livestock cost the global economy uncounted billions of euros every year. (scielo.org.za)
  • The UN Millennium Development Goals, as well as having explicit targets for reducing the burden of human diseases (particularly HIV and/or AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria), also have targets for reducing poverty and hunger, but these are compromised by crop and livestock diseases. (scielo.org.za)
  • We found that livestock losses to predators were low and were negatively associated with net primary productivity and predator home range sizes, but were not affected by predator density, methods of husbandry or human population density. (deepdyve.com)
  • According to a report from the Chinese center for disease control and prevention, upon analysis, the genes of the virus were determined to be of avian origin. (health.news)
  • To date, this strain of bird flu has not been shown to cause any illness in humans," said Dr. Dirk Haselow, State Epidemiologist at the Arkansas Department of Health. (uaex.edu)
  • However, many scientists and public health officials are concerned that the virus could evolve in nature into a form that is transmissible among humans - an event that could potentially make this deadly virus an extremely serious global public health threat. (nap.edu)
  • The bars have kept humans out for 16 years, but they are useless against a new and far more sinister threat, a condition known as white-nose syndrome, or WNS. (popularmechanics.com)
  • Recombination of virus (human and bird flu) could change that and we could find ourselves in a pandemic with a rapidly spreading virus and no preexisting herd immunity, no vaccine. (health.news)
  • There would not be any preexisting immunity since the virus is new for humans," she warned. (health.news)
  • More than 1,500 human cases have been reported, as well as a number of deaths. (health.news)
  • Initially, I did have have multiple paranoia induced scenarios in my mind all the time but after awhile, even though I avoided chicken, I 'forgot' that Indonesia has the most cases and deaths (by FAR) from Avian flu. (blogspot.com)
  • By the way, as of 28 May, 2008, 108 out of the 241 deaths from Avian Flu was in Indonesia. (blogspot.com)
  • We have demonstrated that the 1918 HA gene was necessary for efficient direct contact transmission, but did not allow respiratory droplet transmission between ferrets of an avian influenza virus possessing an avian polymerase subunit PB2. (pnas.org)
  • AIV, in general, do not replicate efficiently or cause disease in humans ( 7 ). (pnas.org)
  • Show me somebody with light skin and and a more even fat covering, not to mention good enough vitamin C conservation to make it through a winter without fresh greens, and I'll show you a human who's undergone considerable genetic adaptation to other lifestyles where fruit-eating is clearly not a year-around thing, and hasn't been for a long, long evolutionary time. (yarchive.net)
  • Most virus isolates obtained from humans, including probable secondary cases, had not accumulated significant mutations. (pnas.org)
  • The cnidae are where nematocysts are ejected to kill prey or in some cases sting humans.Often, they are a secondary infection in an already ill or immunocompromised bird. (iranianfeministschool.eu)
  • Human cases of H7 bird flu are relatively uncommon but not unknown. (health.news)
  • What keeps us safe at the moment from bird flu is that they rarely infect humans. (health.news)
  • Avian influenza can be caused by 1 of around 23 different strains of virus, all of which are type A members of the Orthomyxoviridae virus family. (fao.org)
  • The same virus was detected subsequently in 86 humans who handled affected poultry and in three of their family members. (pnas.org)
  • January 31, 2012, National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB), "Adaptations of Avian Flu Virus Are a Cause for Concern. (nap.edu)
  • Chinese authorities have confirmed that a woman from Jiangsu province contracted this particular avian influenza virus. (health.news)
  • According to Dr. Bettina Fries of Stony Brook Medicine Division of Infectious Diseases, any instance of a human contracting a bird flu virus is cause for serious concern. (health.news)
  • human The muscular system is the biological system of humans that produces movement. (iranianfeministschool.eu)
  • Human biological and psychological factors come into play on a personal level, but ecological and global systems are also involved, as are economics and access to health care, which determine the social vulnerabilities to disease. (gcrio.org)
  • In 2005, the United Kingdom (UK) through their Foresight programme, within the Government Office for Science (formerly the UK Office for Science and Innovation) launched a project to consider the future risks from infectious diseases for humans, animals and plants ( http://www.bis.gov.uk/foresight/our-work/projects/published-projects/infectious-diseases ). (scielo.org.za)
  • 2006) that infectious diseases account for a quarter of all human mortality, and a similar fraction of morbidity (World Health Organisation 2005). (scielo.org.za)
  • Until recently, it was thought that pigs were required as an intermediate host for transmission of AIV to humans ( 5 , 6 ). (pnas.org)
  • At any time and in any age, human health tends to follow trends in both social systems and the natural environment. (gcrio.org)
  • Thirgood, Simon 2005-03-01 00:00:00 Conflicts between humans and predators are the product of socio-economic and political landscapes and are particularly controversial because the resources concerned have economic value and the predators involved are high profile and often legally protected. (deepdyve.com)
  • We surveyed the current literature for information on ecological and social factors common to human-predator-prey conflicts. (deepdyve.com)
  • their digestive system is faster and more efficient than those of other.Discover interesting information about the bird digestive system and process.Start studying Frog Dissection- Similarities and Differences between Frogs and Humans. (iranianfeministschool.eu)
  • Compare the length of the neck and the articulation between the skull and the vertebral column of the bird, rat, and human. (iranianfeministschool.eu)
  • The first diagnosed human case of H7N4 bird flu has appeared in eastern China, reported a New Scientist article . (health.news)
  • Your bird needs the help of an avian vet. (cockatielcottage.net)
  • Humans' natural diet (Steven B. Harris, M.D. (yarchive.net)
  • Habitat destruction due to over-harvesting of timber, establishment of even-age pine plantations, and forest clearing for crops and fruit orchards have eliminated much of the natural range of this miniature falcon. (fsu.edu)
  • Show me a human with very dark skin with all his excess nutritional calorie storage fat on his butt, where it can sit without giving him heatstroke, and I'll show you somebody adapted for a tropically sunny, hot climate where eating fruit all year around might be possible. (yarchive.net)