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  • sedentary
  • BMI was designed to be used as a simple means of classifying average sedentary (physically inactive) populations, with an average body composition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though most of human existence has been sustained by hunting and gathering in band societies, increasing numbers of human societies began to practice sedentary agriculture approximately some 10,000 years ago, domesticating plants and animals, thus allowing for the growth of civilization. (wikipedia.org)
  • adult
  • In adult humans, muscle mass may change due to exercise, and fat distribution may change due to hormone fluctuations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both male and female hormones are present in the human body, and though only one of them is predominant in an adult, the other hormone has effects on body's shape to some extent. (wikipedia.org)
  • These include adult-type body odor, increased oiliness of skin and hair, acne, pubarche (appearance of pubic hair), axillary hair (armpit hair), growth spurt, accelerated bone maturation, and facial hair. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine published a study of average weights of adult humans in the journal BMC Public Health and at the United Nations conference Rio+20. (wikipedia.org)
  • excess
  • The abdominal exercises that you experience in your lower stomach region are effective for developing the muscle mass tissue, but they don't make an influence on any excess extra fat you possess in the area. (blackplanet.com)
  • Minnoch was diagnosed with massive generalized edema, a condition in which the body accumulates excess extracellular fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • To help identify the genes on which these human BMI loci may be operating, we conducted a high throughput screen in Drosophila Melanogaster. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • We crossed RNAi knockdown lines of each gene with flies containing tissue-specific drivers to knock down (KD) the expression of the genes only in the brain and the fat body. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Inherited genes play a large part in the development of body shape. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are candidate genes (called clock genes) that exist in most cells in the body and brain, referred to as the circadian system that regulate physiological phenomena (hormone levels, metabolic function, body temperature, cognitive faculties, and sleeping). (wikipedia.org)
  • bone
  • In male humans, testosterone plays a key role in the development of male reproductive tissues such as testes and prostate, as well as promoting secondary sexual characteristics such as increased muscle and bone mass, and the growth of body hair. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other issues that may affect the results surrounding this method for children and adolescents includes their age, sex, ethnicity muscle and bone mass, their height as well as their sexual maturation levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • measurement
  • The BMI may also be determined using a table or chart which displays BMI as a function of mass and height using contour lines or colours for different BMI categories, and which may use other units of measurement (converted to metric units for the calculation). (wikipedia.org)
  • unlike
  • In humans, unlike the original animal/plant applications, relatedness is usually known with high confidence in the 'wild population', and the benefit of GCTA is connected more to avoiding assumptions of classic behavioral genetics designs and verifying their results, and partitioning heritability by SNP class and chromosomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • refers
  • In common usage, the word "human" generally refers to the only extant species of the genus Homo-anatomically and behaviorally modern Homo sapiens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Note that the Latin word homo refers to humans of either gender, and that sapiens is the singular form (while there is no such word as sapien). (wikipedia.org)
  • methods
  • Entire grains are great for obtaining rid of that dangerous visceral fat: shift this initial and you can look at other methods of toning up the rest of your body in great wellness. (blackplanet.com)
  • skeletal
  • By international consensus, cancer cachexia is proposed to be "a multifactorial syndrome defined by an ongoing loss of skeletal muscle mass with or without loss of fat mass that cannot be fully reversed by conventional nutritional support and leads to progressive functional impairment" [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Skeletal structure grows and changes only up to the point at which a human reaches adulthood and remains essentially the same for the rest of his or her life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Skeletal structure frames the overall shape of the body and does not alter much after maturity. (wikipedia.org)
  • survival
  • Association of pretreatment body mass index and survival in human papillomavirus positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. (docphin.com)
  • We evaluated the association of HIV disease progression with body mass index (BMI) in 871 women and present cross-sectional, survival, and longitudinal analyses. (oup.com)
  • physiological
  • However it is unclear that such levels are ever actually attained since (a) the means to measure such levels are, as noted below, lacking in principle and inaccurate, and (b) 4-6% is generally considered a physiological minimum for human males. (wikipedia.org)
  • prognostic
  • Pretreatment body mass index (BMI) >25kg/m(2) is a positive prognostic factor in patients with head and neck cancer. (docphin.com)
  • Biomarkers in the oncology setting, identified using high-throughput sequencing, gene expression arrays, and mass spectroscopy [ 17 ], are classified into prognostic, predictive, and pharmacodynamic categories [ 18 - 20 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Changes
  • It has been theorized that brain masculinization is occurring since no significant changes have been identified in other parts of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Information gathered using the percentile ranking takes into consideration the childs age and sex, recognising that the amount of body fat regularly changes with age and sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • taller
  • While people generally get wider and thicker as they grow taller, humans don't exhibit true isometry. (blogspot.ca)
  • Males are, on average, taller, but body shape may be analyzed after normalizing with respect to height. (wikipedia.org)
  • This results in taller people having a reported BMI that is uncharacteristically high, compared to their actual body fat levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissues
  • A biomarker is "a biological molecule found in blood, other body fluids, or tissues that is a sign of a normal or abnormal process or of a condition or disease. (hindawi.com)
  • Precise m6A mapping by m6A-CLIP/IP (briefly m6A-CLIP) revealed that a majority of m6A locates in the last exon of mRNAs in multiple tissues/cultured cells of mouse and human, and the m6A enrichment around stop codons is a coincidence that many stop codons locate round the start of last exons where m6A is truly enriched. (wikipedia.org)
  • temperature
  • sauna sessions bathing for a long time in hot water Long-time tanning bed sessions Placement of a laptop computer over the groin for extended use Fever raises the body temperature, which can strike sperm quality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examine
  • Simple linear regression analyses were carried out to examine if any kind of correlations existed involving the mean cartilage thickness of varied joints and the details of the specimen donors (age, mass, height, and physique 4flex-opinia.pl mass index). (fc2.com)
  • Fertility
  • While a few chemicals with known effects on fertility have been excluded from human consumption, we cannot know if others remain undiscovered. (wikipedia.org)
  • Population
  • The spread of humans and their large and increasing population has had a profound impact on large areas of the environment and millions of native species worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rapid advancement of scientific and medical understanding in the 19th and 20th centuries led to the development of fuel-driven technologies and increased lifespans, causing the human population to rise exponentially. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today the global human population is estimated by the United Nations to be near 7.6 billion. (wikipedia.org)
  • average
  • The BMI standards are most applicable for people who are close to average human height, but the standards lose their usefulness for everyone else. (blogspot.ca)
  • Across a wide variety of human traits studied, there is typically minimal shared-environment influence, considerable non-shared environment influence, and a large genetic component (mostly additive), which is on average ~50% and sometimes much higher for some traits such as height or intelligence. (wikipedia.org)
  • biological
  • It has since been used to study a wide variety of biological, medical, psychiatric, and psychological traits in humans, and inspired many variant approaches. (wikipedia.org)
  • As with most other diurnal animals, human activity-rest patterns are endogenously controlled by biological clocks with a circadian (~24-hour) period. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • GW4 MRC DTP studentships: What lies behind the causal impact of body mass index level and change on human health? (jobs.ac.uk)
  • Your body mass index (BMI) conditions for weightloss operation were originally determined by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and are set up since the 1990s. (us.com)
  • include
  • Prominent muscles of the body include the latissimus dorsi, trapezius, pectoral muscles (muscles critical for a strong erect posture) as well as biceps and triceps in the arms and quadriceps and hamstrings in the thighs. (wikipedia.org)
  • modern
  • Modern humans (Homo sapiens, ssp. (wikipedia.org)
  • In several waves of migration, anatomically modern humans ventured out of Africa and populated most of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • In scientific terms, the meanings of "hominid" and "hominin" have changed during the recent decades with advances in the discovery and study of the fossil ancestors of modern humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is also a distinction between anatomically modern humans and Archaic Homo sapiens, the earliest fossil members of the species. (wikipedia.org)
  • normal
  • normal people, who don't have so great a muscular mass, should stay into the fitness range in the table to be healthier. (wikipedia.org)
  • individuals
  • The native English term man can refer to the species generally (a synonym for humanity) as well as to human males, or individuals of either sex (though this latter form is less common in contemporary English). (wikipedia.org)
  • whole
  • Adipokines are proteins synthesized and secreted from adipocytes which act both locally and distally, contributing to whole body lipid metabolism [ 9 , 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Whole body deiodination activity can be assessed by measuring production of radioactive iodine after loading the organism with marked thyroxine. (wikipedia.org)
  • exposure
  • We believe that, to be effective, the new legislation must rapidly reduce or eliminate human exposure to the most harmful chemicals-particularly those linked to causing cancer, damaging developing fetuses, or harming the reproductive or nervous system. (saferchemicals.org)
  • Laboratory animal experiments find that for doses within the range of human exposures, fetal exposure to BPA is linked to developmental and reproductive harm including earlier onset of puberty, increased susceptibility to breast and prostate cancer, and changes in gender-specific behavior caused by altered brain development. (saferchemicals.org)
  • Environmental racism is the practice of environmental injustice within a racialized context, in which socially marginalized communities and minority groups are subjected to disproportionate exposure of environmental hazards, denial of access to sources of ecological sustenance such as clean air, water, and natural resources, or infringement of environmentally related human rights. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the very beginning of the U.S. human space program, serious and reasonable concern has been expressed about exposure of humans to the microgravity of space due to the potential systemic effects on terrestrially-evolved life forms that are so suitably adapted to Earth gravity. (wikipedia.org)
  • While none of these ground-based analogs provides a perfect simulation of human microgravity exposure during spaceflight, each is useful for study of particular aspects of muscle unloading as well as for investigation of sensorimotor alterations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gene
  • The human LECT2 gene, ALECT2, is located on the long, i.e, "q", arm of chromosome 5 at position q31.1 (notated as 5q31.1). (wikipedia.org)
  • The gene has numerous single nucleotide variants as well as other variations, some of which have been associated with human disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • bones
  • On the floor were a breastbone, pelvis and leg bones laid "in the pattern used for the Black Mass", as it was described in newspaper reports of police statements. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • If no body of water is at hand, rolling on the ground or smothering the fire with blankets or the like permits the hero another save with a +4 bonus. (dandwiki.com)
  • Most of the minerals in a human diet come from eating plants and animals or from drinking water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major impact events have significantly shaped Earth's history, have been implicated in the formation of the Earth-Moon system, the evolutionary history of life, the origin of water on Earth and several mass extinctions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Protein
  • Leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin-2 (LECT2) is a protein first described in 1996 as a chemotactic factor for neutrophils, i.e. it stimulated human neutrophils to move directionally in an in vitro assay system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The protein was detected in and purified from cultures of Phytohaemagglutinin-activated human T-cell leukemia SKW-3 cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human LECT2 is a secreted, 16 kilodalton protein. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscle
  • Humans in the microgravity environment of space, within our current space vehicles, are exposed to various mission-specific periods of skeletal muscle unloading (unweighting). (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, there are cardiopulmonary and vascular changes, including a significant decrease in red blood cell mass, that affect skeletal muscle function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Access to human crewmembers during both short- and long-duration mission for the study of skeletal muscle adaptation to microgravity and the efficacy of countermeasures has been, and continues to be, limited. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • During her first six years in the Senate, Legarda authored legislation benefiting women's and children's rights, such as the following: Anti-Domestic Violence Act - seeks to uphold and protect the basic human rights of women and their children. (wikipedia.org)
  • make
  • It is also added to ethanol to make it unpalatable so that it avoids taxes on drinkable alcohol, as ethanol without a denaturant of some sort is consumable by humans. (nasioc.com)