• True claws-found in reptiles, birds, and mammals-consist of a dorsal scalelike plate ( unguis) covering a ventral plate ( subunguis), the whole capping the bony tip of a digit. (britannica.com)
  • A claw is a curved, pointed appendage, found at the end of a toe or finger in most mammals , birds , and some reptiles . (thefullwiki.org)
  • Claws are used to catch and hold prey in carnivorous mammals such as cats and dogs, but may also be used for such purposes as digging, climbing trees, etc, in those and other species. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Many predatory mammals have protractile claws that can partially hide inside the animal's paw , especially the Felidae , where almost all of its members have fully protractible claws. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Mammals can only adopt claw-supported walking when most of their weight is carried on their hindlimbs, and armadillos and pangolins are built like this because they are facultative bipeds, supporting their weight with the hindlimbs and tail when digging with the forelimbs. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The tiger is active at night, and feed on large hoofed mammals. (smore.com)
  • A number of mammals have developed powerful fore claws and long, sticky tongues that allow them to open the homes of social insects (e.g., ants and termites) and consume them (myrmecophagy). (primidi.com)
  • In zoology , a horn is one of a pair of hard, pointed, often permanent projections on the head of various hoofed mammals ( ungulates ) consisting of a core of living bone covered by a sheath of keratin and other proteins . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Roughly 90% of lameness cases are caused by claw-related diseases. (biomin.net)
  • Laminitis -a disease characterized by inflammation of the lamella tissue of the claw- leads to pain for animals, greater susceptibility to other diseases, higher treatment costs, lower performance and lameness. (biomin.net)
  • The colour of the hoof horn was reported to have an influence over the bruising of the horn, with a lower incidence of lameness and less bruising of the sole being found on cows with black hoof pigmentation (Logue et al. (cattletoday.com)
  • If this condition is left the soil will track up into the higher part of the foot causing an abscess in the hoof and lameness. (fwi.co.uk)
  • Cattle with foot rot typically have a swollen foot with the toes, or "claws," spread out more than usual. (purdue.edu)
  • 4. Infectious claw diseases may result in cows with significant imbalance or loss of sole horn (such as heel horn erosion) or cows that walk on their toes (such as digital dermatitis and foot rot). (agweb.com)
  • Toes trimmed too short, soles trimmed too thin, excess removal of sole horn at the toe, abaxial wall, or excess removal of heel horn (claw angle too shallow) may also require blocking. (agweb.com)
  • The 2nd, 3rd and 4th toes of the hind foot are grown together, almost like a hoof. (jaxzoo.org)
  • The distribution of these character states outside that clade is poorly documented, because of both the inadequate preservation of known manus and pedes for many taxa and the difficulty of determining whether a small ungual bore a claw. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This is called the ungual crest and helps anchor the keratinous covering of the claw onto the ungual: it's present in some sloths and anteaters too, and outside of xenarthrans is seen in cats. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The unguis grows outward faster than the subunguis to produce a curve and the thinner sides of the claw wear away faster than their thicker middle, producing a more or less sharp point. (thefullwiki.org)
  • several fossils of the recently described Early Cretaceous lizard Liushusaurus preserve scales , pigmentation , claw sheaths , cartilage , and small bones that make up the hemipenis ? (thefullwiki.org)
  • Once endotoxins have reached the blood flow through an impaired rumen barrier, they can reach the hoof tissue and have a negative impact on tissue integrity through different mechanisms, e.g. inflammation, in which specific cells activate cytokines (e.g. (biomin.net)
  • The tissue interface that remains after debridement, evacuation of an inflammatory mass or the en bloc resection of a malignancy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Blocking shifts weight bearing within the claw to allow for recovery of damaged living tissue and claw horn. (agweb.com)
  • To evaluate the use of hoof wall surface temperature (HWST) as an indirect indicator of digital perfusion and to describe HWST patterns during the prodromal and acute phases of carbohydrate-induced laminitis in horses. (nih.gov)
  • No significant difference was obtained between the elastic modulus of pigmented and non-pigmented hoof horn samples of horses (Douglas et al. (cattletoday.com)
  • When I was in shoeing school, we put the hooves of several horses in a metered shop press. (cattletoday.com)
  • Combination of biotin, amino acids, trace minerals and direct fed microbials to help maintain healthy hooves in all classes of horses. (pbsanimalhealth.com)
  • I remember how he used to drain abscesses from horses hooves and then put some iodine crystals into it and then pour on something else and it would go poof and smoke would rise and the farmer real impressed, more showmanship than helping in reality but certainly impressed. (cattletoday.com)
  • If neglected it is likely an abscess may form which will burst out at the top of the hoof. (fwi.co.uk)
  • Another condition occurring on the white-line area of the hoof has been identified by Dr Winter and is referred to as a white-line abscess. (fwi.co.uk)
  • I don't think there is any antibiotic that will clear up a bad hoof infection without draining the abscess. (cattletoday.com)
  • FMD is a highly contagious viral vesicular disease of cloven-hoofed animals. (fao.org)
  • In other words, in the hindlimb these animals walk on the soles of their feet, but in the forelimb they support their weight just on the tips of their claws: they do not (and cannot) place the palm on the ground, nor do they fold the claws under the hand to walk on their knuckles. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The Torah prohibits four animals which have only one of the two signs of kosher animals: the camel, the rabbit, and the hare ruminate but do not have split hooves, while the pig has split hooves but does not ruminate (Vayikra 11:3-7). (shemayisrael.co.il)
  • It usually occurs in one foot only and is more commonly seen in the hind feet especially the outer claws, which are the larger ones carrying proportionately more weight. (thepigsite.com)
  • Measured in a straight line from the top of the hock, or heel, E, to the point of the longest hoof (or claw), F This is the length of the hind foot. (metafilter.com)
  • It arises through penetration of the sole of the foot, cracks at the sole-hoof junction, or splitting of the hoof itself. (thepigsite.com)
  • Invariably, unless foot rot has developed, only one claw is involved. (thepigsite.com)
  • One of the main areas of confusion, and something that is often mistaken for foot rot, is a condition affecting the white-line of the hoof - the area where the horn joins the sole - known as shelly-hoof. (fwi.co.uk)
  • This is caused by separation of the hoof from the underlying structure along the white-line leaving a 'pocket' which then becomes impacted with soil. (fwi.co.uk)