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  • prevalence
  • Several studies have examined the prevalence of unprotected anal intercourse amongst gay and other men who have sex with men in the US who have been diagnosed with HIV. (aidsmap.com)
  • They also note "the fact that unprotected anal intercourse prevalence was significantly higher in studies with self-administered questionnaires than in studies with interviewer-administered questionnaires suggests that HIV-seropositive men who have sex with men may have underreported socially undesirable behaviours when the questionnaire was administered by an interviewer. (aidsmap.com)
  • They add, "this is an important public health concern, given the high prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men in the United States. (aidsmap.com)
  • However, these numbers are likely to be inflated due to (self-) selection biases in the respective studies, while on the other hand self-reported prevalence underestimates HIV prevalence because it only includes diagnosed infections. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Undiagnosed HIV prevalence among adults and adolescents in the United States at the end of 2006. (jamanetwork.com)
  • Benotsch EG, Kalichman S, Cage M. Men who have met sex partners via the Internet: prevalence, predictors, and implications for HIV prevention. (springermedizin.de)
  • Our analysis has found that although UAI with an HIV-positive sexual partner is a relatively low-prevalence behaviour (reported by 5% of men), if this behaviour was not present in the population, the number of infections would be reduced by one third. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Having a partner from a high prevalence group - rates of HIV are high in some regions of the U.S. and in certain populations (among men who have sex with men or among black men in the South, for example). (washington.edu)
  • Methods We performed a literature search and developed a mathematical model of HIV-1 and T. pallidum confection in a population with two risk groups with assortative mixing to explore the consequence on syphilis prevalence of HAART-induced changes in behaviour versus HAART-induced biological effects. (bmj.com)
  • Because HIV prevalence in this study group was similar to prevalence in young gays recruited by other techniques, the researchers believe GRINDR-based recruitment does not lead to sample-selection bias. (natap.org)
  • We estimated STI prevalence and sexual healthcare seeking behaviour in 224 sexually active HIV-infected people, including men who have sex with men (MSM, n = 112), heterosexual men ( n = 65) and women ( n = 47). (peerj.com)
  • 2018
  • Behind the scenes at European Testing Week 29 October 2018 European Testing Week started in 2013, as an initiative of HIV. (aidsmap.com)
  • Coming soon: news from HIVR4P 2018 18 October 2018 The third HIV Research for Prevention conference (HIVR4P) in Madrid next. (aidsmap.com)
  • This is somewhat of a follow up to a question you answered in Feb of 2018 (Can someone pass on hiv if they are on PrEP? (thebody.com)
  • The Trump Administration's Fiscal Year 2018 (FY18) budget proposal includes deep cuts to many health programs, including those providing direct services to persons living with HIV. (aac.org)
  • incidence
  • HIV Incidence Surveillance Group. (jamanetwork.com)
  • Estimated HIV incidence in the United States, 2006-2009. (jamanetwork.com)
  • Estimated HIV incidence in the United States, 2007-2010 [HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report Vol. 17, No. (jamanetwork.com)
  • After an initial peak in the mid-1980s, HIV incidence in men who have sex with men (MSM) declined in most western industrialised countries and then levelled off during the 1990s. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • This increase is associated mainly with men who have sex with men (MSM) 5 and could also be related to an increase in the incidence of HIV 2,6,7 . (scielosp.org)
  • Conclusions and implications Since rising syphilis incidence appears to have outpaced gonorrhoea and chlamydia, predominantly affecting HIV-1 positive MSM, behavioural factors alone may be insufficient to explain the unique, sharp increase in syphilis incidence. (bmj.com)
  • First of all, it is still unclear whether the correlations that have been documented between such technologies and HIV incidence are indicative of causality, notes Ian Holloway , a social behavioral scientist at the University of California, Los Angeles's Center for HIV Intervention, Prevention, and Treatment Services. (the-scientist.com)
  • viral
  • The analysis was restricted to men who reported any anal sex with a non-steady partner in the past 12 months, and who were either never diagnosed with HIV, or who had been diagnosed with HIV more than 12 months ago, reported a detectable viral load and did not exclusively serosort ( n = 91,477). (biomedcentral.com)
  • In the PARTNER study, there were ZERO transmissions out of 58,000 condomless sex acts between people with HIV on ART who had undetectable viral loads and their HIV negative partners. (thebody.com)
  • In PARTNER 2, which was the extension of PARTNER and studied men who have sex with men, there were ZERO transmissions out of 77,000 condomless sex acts between people with HIV on ART with undetectable viral loads and their HIV negative partners. (thebody.com)
  • Shortly after the budget was released in late May, various groups, including the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Treatment Action Group, and The Fenway Institute, published separate summaries of proposed health and science budget changes, including those expected to impact HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis (TB). (aac.org)
  • Changing ART regimens in pregnancy is often associated with viral rebound that may increase the risk of perinatal HIV transmission. (hivguidelines.org)
  • epidemic
  • Reemergence of the HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men in North America, Western Europe, and Australia, 1996-2005. (springermedizin.de)
  • Based on a review of national and international behavioural surveillance studies of MSM and national HIV surveillance data, we propose a model for the HIV epidemic in MSM in Germany. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • HIV has been highly concentrated among men who have sex with men (MSM) since the epidemic began nearly 30 years ago. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Women who have sex with men, men who have sex with women only, and people who inject drugs make up smaller but significant proportions of the HIV epidemic. (washington.edu)
  • behavior
  • A better understanding of the sexual behavior trends among MSM can be useful for informing HIV prevention. (springermedizin.de)
  • Sexual risk behavior among HIV-uninfected men who have sex with men participating in a tenofovir preexposure prophylaxis randomized trial in the United States. (springermedizin.de)
  • An intervention to reduce HIV risk behavior of substance-using men who have sex with men: a two-group randomized trial with a nonrandomized third group. (jamanetwork.com)
  • If people are diagnosed with HIV soon after they are infected, "they are willing to make dramatic changes in their behavior relatively rapidly," Dr. Steward said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Really, the question of whether it's selection or influence that's contributing to greater HIV risk behavior among guys who use these platforms is unknown," says Holloway. (the-scientist.com)
  • Not that serosorting in this manner doesn't rule out all the pitfalls involved in questionable assumptions, ambiguous language or the possibility of poz guys in particular encountering stigma or hurtful behavior. (thebody.com)
  • safer-sex
  • If your partner(s) come from a place or a population that has a high background rate of HIV, safer sex practices may be particularly important for you even if you have few sexual partners. (washington.edu)
  • A key problem with Squirt from a sexual health point of view is that it does not have a field which permits users to state their HIV status: instead it asks members to indicate whether they practice safer sex always, usually, never or rather not say. (thebody.com)
  • unknown HIV status
  • However, 26% of men reported unprotected sex with a man who was HIV-negative or of unknown HIV status. (aidsmap.com)
  • UAI with unknown HIV status partners was reported by 25% of men, the HR was 4.4 (95%CI:1.8-11.2), the PAR was 33% (95%CI:26-42%) and the lifetime incurred costs were $AUD99 million. (biomedcentral.com)
  • behaviour
  • This behaviour was reported most frequently with other men known to be HIV-positive (in other words, serosorting). (aidsmap.com)
  • News and research on people's sexual and drug-using behaviour and the impact this has on the spread of HIV in the community. (aidsmap.com)
  • This provides a 'pinch point' whereby, if condom use and insisting upon it becomes normal behaviour in sex workers, there are few other channels by which HIV can be spread. (aidsmap.com)
  • STDs
  • Multiple Sex Partners - a person who has more sexual partners is more likely to be exposed to STDs, including HIV. (washington.edu)
  • drugs
  • Antiretroviral drugs chart A one-page reference guide to the anti-HIV drugs licensed for use in the European Union, with information on formulation, dosing, key side-effects and food restrictions. (aidsmap.com)
  • Drugs - injected or not - can also increase a person's risk for acquiring HIV by impairing judgment, decision-making ability, and/or by enhancing sexual drive. (washington.edu)
  • Another way to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV is to reduce the amount and frequency that drugs are injected . (washington.edu)
  • If someone who injects drugs is able to inject less frequently, their chances of being exposed to HIV declines. (washington.edu)
  • effective
  • Effective topical microbicides for the prevention of HIV and STD have not been identified. (pdfdrug.com)
  • The UCSF interventionsPositive Choice: Interactive Video Doctor and the Healthy Living Projectcomprise two of the eight added to the list of 57 rigorously evaluated highly effective HIV prevention programs recommended by the CDC for implementation. (bio-medicine.org)
  • intervention
  • Upon reading of their success, researchers in Peru contacted Young to implement a Facebook-based intervention program there, and got very similar results, with participants three times more likely to get tested for HIV. (the-scientist.com)
  • regimens
  • Until that time, the Panel's conservative, interim recommendations remain that DTG-containing regimens should be avoided in the first trimester of pregnancy or in any HIV-exposed individual who may become pregnant. (hivguidelines.org)
  • treatment
  • HIV treatment eligibility expansion and timely antiretroviral treatment initiation following enrollment in HIV care: A metaregression analysis of programmatic data from 22 countries. (cunyisph.org)
  • An introduction to key issues about HIV treatment and living with HIV, presented as a series of illustrated leaflets. (aidsmap.com)
  • This briefing paper, produced by NAM for HIV Prevention England, describes the scientific evidence for HIV treatment as prevention and considers its implications for the UK. (aidsmap.com)
  • As part of the last-ever HIV treatment update, Gus Cairns asked a number of prominent activists, movers and shakers in the world of HIV care and prevention in. (aidsmap.com)